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Identity and Function in Sino-Vietnamese Piracy: Where Are the Minh Hư ơng?

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image of Journal of Early Modern History

Abstract In 1773, a group of rebels sparked a civil war that disrupted the Vietnamese-speaking world for thirty years. Historians recognize that “Chinese” pirates played a key role in the campaigns of the Tay Son, after whom the war was named. This article attempts to clarify Chinese participation by analyzing a little-known Sino-Vietnamese community named Minh Hương or Ming Loyalists, who evolved from the same water world as the Chinese pirates, yet appear absent from the conflict. Findings suggest that we have overlooked the depth and complexity of “Chinese” and Minh Hương involvement.

Affiliations: 1: University of Hong Kong


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