Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

ʻSpeaking for Islamʼ and Religious Authority in Zongos in Asante, Ghana

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Religion in Africa

In presenting and comparing three different endeavors of ʻspeaking for Islamʼ in the Muslim communities of zongos in Asante, this essay analyzes what renders this act into a felicitous performance. Accordingly, I delineate and discuss the grounds on which one is accorded or denied the authority to make consequential pronouncements on Islamic matters within the discursive tradition of this religion. As I argue, this authority does not solely hinge on one’s erudite Islamic learning and one’s abilities to implement it in one’s rhetoric; it also depends on one’s personal demeanor and reputation in the community. In order to have the actual chance to make consequential pronouncements on Islamic matters, which include religious as well as moral issues, one’s authority has to be accorded by those over whom it is exercised, and can neither be claimed nor enforced as such.

Affiliations: 1: University of Bayreuth BayreuthGermany bpontzen@outlook.com

10.1163/15700666-12340098
/content/journals/10.1163/15700666-12340098
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15700666-12340098
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Malam Abdeen from Kokote Zongo, 2011/2012. Notes, recorded sermons and interviews. Kotokoli; born in the late 1960s in Kokote Zongo; married with three children. One of Kokote Zongo’s leading Sunna malams; works as Islamic and Arabic teacher at an Islamic School and in the Sunna makarantā; study visit at an Islamic university in Khartoum, Sudan, in 2013. Several conversations and interviews.
2. Malam Alhassan from Kokote Zongo, 2011/2012/2013. Notes, recorded sermons and interviews. Wala; born in the 1970s in Kade; married with two children. One of Kokote Zongo’s leading malams; works malam adwuma (Asante Twi: a malam’s work); and often leads the Friday prayer in Kokote Zongo’s Central Mosque.
3. Anonymous: The president of Just One Day, Kokote Zongo, 2012. Notes. Ethnic identity and marital status unknown; in her mid-forties. The president and founder of Just One Day Fun Club, which in 2012 had branches in Kumase, Kokote Zongo, and a few other towns in Asante. However, by 2013 this club, which was highly successful and attractive for new members in 2012, had ceased to exist. Several conversations.
4. Al-Hajj Daoud from Kokote Zongo, 2011/2012/2013. Notes. Kotokoli; born in the late 1950s/early 1960s; married with several children. One of the mpaaninfoɔ of Kokote Zongo’s Sunna group; works at the National Health Insurance Office in Offinso. Several conversations.
5. Malam Hamidou from Kokote Zongo, 2011/2012/2013. Notes, recorded tafsīr and sermons. Hausa; born 1982 in Kokote Zongo; unmarried but formally engaged. One of Kokote Zongo’s leading Sunna malams; works as Arabic and Islamic teacher at an Islamic School in a nearby village and at the Sunna makarantā (Hausa: Qurʾān school). Host of the author throughout his stay. Several conversations and interviews; befriended the author.
6. Kumase Issaqu from Kokote Zongo, 2011/2012. Notes. Ethnic identity unknown; in his mid-thirties; got married during fieldwork. Sunna. Works as English teacher at an Islamic School in Kumase. Several conversations.
7. Abun-Nasr Jamil 1965 The Tijaniyya: A Sufi Order in the Modern World London Oxford University Press
8. Akyeampong Emmanuel, Owusu-Ansah David 2012"ʻPriests, Diviners, Mallams: State Power in Asante, and the Practice of Promoting Better Understanding among Different Religious Faithsʼ" West Africa ReviewVol 20 69 76
9. Arhin Kwame 1979 West African Traders in Ghana in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century London Longman
10. Aristotle 2007 Rhetorik Stuttgart, Germany Reclam
11. Asad Talal 1986"ʻThe Idea of an Anthropology of Islamʼ" The Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University, Occasional Paper Series, Washington, D.C.
12. Asad Talal 2015"ʻThinking about Tradition, Religion, and Politics in Egypt Todayʼ" Critical Inquiry http://criticalinquiry.uchicago.edu/thinking_about_tradition_religion_and_politics_in_egypt_today/ Accessed 23 January 2017
13. Austin John L. 1962/1975 How to Do Things with Words Cambridge, Massachusetts Harvard University Press
14. Blumenberg Hans 1981 Wirklichkeiten, in denen wir leben: Aufsätze und eine Rede Stuttgart, Germany Reclam
15. Bowen John R. 1993 Muslims Through Discourse: Religion and Ritual in Gayo Society Princeton, New Jersey Princeton University Press
16. Brenner Louis 2001 Controlling Knowledge Religion, Power and Schooling in a West African Muslim Society Bloomington, Indiana Indiana University Press
17. Brenner Louis 2007"ʻThe Transformation of Muslim Schooling in Mali: The Madrasa as an Institution of Social and Religious Mediationʼ" Hefner Robert W., Zaman Muhammad Qasim Schooling Islam: The Culture and Politics of Modern Muslim Education 199 223 Princeton, New Jersey Princeton University Press
18. Brigaglia Andrea 2000"ʻThe Fayda Tijaniyya of Ibrahim Nyass: Genesis and Implications of a Sufi Doctrineʼ" Islam et sociétés au sud du SaharaVol 14-15 41 56
19. Calhoun Craig 1992"ʻIntroduction: Habermas and the Public Sphereʼ" Calhoun Craig Habermas and the Public Sphere 1 48 Cambridge Massachusetts The MIT Press
20. Cohen Abner 1969 Custom and Politics in Urban West Africa: A Study of Hausa Migrants in Yoruba Towns London Routledge & Kegan Paul
21. Dumbe Yunus 2013 Islamic Revivalism in Contemporary Ghana Huddinge, Sweden Södertörns Högskola
22. Dale Eickelman, Anderson Jon W. 2003"ʻRedefining Muslim Publicsʼ" Eickelman Dale, Anderson Jon W. New Media in the Muslim World: The Emerging Public Sphere 2nd ed. 1 18 Bloomington, Indiana Indiana University Press
23. Eickelman Dale, Salvatore Armando 2002"ʻThe Public Sphere and Muslim Identitiesʼ" Archives of European SociologyVol 43 1 92 115 [Crossref]
24. Fortes Meyer 1975"ʻStrangersʼ" Fortes Meyer, Patterson Sheila Studies in African Social Anthropology 229 253 London Academic Press
25. Frede Britta 2011"ʻZwischen Kontinuität und Erneuerung: Saihani (Ahmad Mahmud b. Muhammad at-Tulba alias Mannaba, 1907-1986) und die Entwicklung der Tiganiya in Mauretanien am Beispiel der Faida-Bewegung von Ibrahim Niasse (1900-1975)ʼ" PhD thesis Islamic Studies, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin
26. Frede Britta, Hill Joseph 2014"ʻIntroduction: En-Gendering Islamic Authority in West Africaʼ" Islamic AfricaVol 5 2 131 165
27. Gaborieau Marc, Zeghal Malika 2004"ʻAutorités religieuses en islamʼ" Archives des sciences sociales des religionsVol 125 5 21 [Crossref]
28. Gadamer Hans-Georg (1960) 1990 Wahrheit und Methode: Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik Tübingen, Germany J.C.B. Mohr
29. Gadamer Hans-Georg (1960) 2004 Truth and Method 2nd, revised ed. London Continuum
30. Gaffney Patrick 1994 The Prophet’s Pulpit: Islamic Preaching in Contemporary Egypt Berkeley, California University of California Press [Crossref]
31. Gemmeke Amber 2009"ʻMarabout Women in Dakar: Creating Authority in Islamic Knowledgeʼ" AfricaVol 79 1 128 147 [Crossref]
32. Goody Jack 1964"ʻThe Mande and the Akan Hinterlandʼ" Vansina Jan, Maunay R., Thomas L.V. The Historian in Tropical Africa 192 218 London Oxford University Press
33. Graw Knut 2009"ʻBeyond Expertise: Reflections on Specialist Agency and the Autonomy of the Divinatory Ritual Processʼ" AfricaVol 79 1 92 109 [Crossref]
34. Graw Knut 2012"ʻDivination and Islam: Existential Perspectives in the Study of Ritual and Religious Praxis in Senegal and Gambiaʼ" Schielke Samuli, Debevec Liza Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes: An Anthropology of Everyday Religion 17 32 New York/Oxford Berghahn
35. Gyekye Kwame 1997 Tradition and Modernity: Philosophical Reflections on the African Experience Oxford Oxford University Press
36. Habermas Jürgen (1962) 1990 Strukturwandel der Öffentlichkeit Frankfurt, Germany Suhrkamp
37. Hackett Rosalind I.J., Soares Benjamin 2015"ʻIntroduction: New Media and Religious Transformations in Africaʼ" Hackett Rosalind I.J., Soares Benjamin New Media and Religious Transformations in Africa 1 16 Bloomington, Indiana Indiana University Press
38. Hassane Souley 2005"ʻLes nouvelles élites islamiques du Niger et du Nigeria du nord: Itinéraires et prédications fondatrices (1950-2003)ʼ" Fourchard Laurent, Mary André, Otayek René Entreprises religieuses transnationales en Afrique de l’Ouest 373 394 Paris Karthala
39. Hefner Robert W. 2007"ʻSchooling Muslims: The Culture and Politics of Modern Muslim Educationʼ" Hefner Robert W., Zaman Muhammad Qasim Schooling Islam: The Culture and Politics of Modern Muslim Education 1 39 Princeton, New Jersey Princeton University Press
40. Hill Joseph 2007"ʻDivine Knowledge and Islamic Authority: Religious Specialization among Disciples of Baay Nasʼ" PhD thesis, Anthropology, Yale University, New Haven, ct
41. Hirschkind Charles 2006 The Ethical Soundscape: Cassette Sermons and Islamic Counterpublics New York Columbia University Press
42. Hobsbawm Eric 1983"ʻIntroduction: Inventing Traditionsʼ" Hobsbawm Eric, Ranger Terence The Invention of Tradition 1 14 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
43. Hountondji Paulin 1983"ʻReason and Traditionʼ" Oruka H. Odera, Masolo D.A. Philosophy and Cultures 132 139 Nairobi, Kenya Bookwise Limited
44. Janson Marloes 2006"‘“We Are All the Same, Because We All Worship God”: The Controversial Case of a Female Saint in the Gambiaʼ" AfricaVol 46 4 502 525 [Crossref]
45. Kobo Ousman 2009"ʻThe Development of Wahhabi Reforms in Ghana and Burkina Fasso, 1960-1990: Elective Affinities between Western-Educated Muslims and Islamic Scholarsʼ" Comparative Studies in Society and HistoryVol 51 3 502 532 [Crossref]
46. Kobo Ousman 2012 Unveiling Modernity in Twentieth-Century West African Islamic Reforms Leiden, The Netherlands Brill [Crossref]
47. Krämer Gudrun, Schmidtke Sabine 2006"ʻIntroduction: Religious Authority and Religious Authorities in Muslim Societies: A Critical Overviewʼ" Krämer Gudrun, Schmidtke Sabine Speaking for Islam: Religious Authorities in Muslim Societies 1 14 Leiden, The Netherlands Brill
48. Kresse Kai 2007 Philosophising in Mombasa Edinburgh Edinburgh University Press
49. Lambek Michael 1990"ʻCertain Knowledge, Contestable Authority: Power and Practice on the Islamic Peripheryʼ" American EthnologistVol 17 1 23 40 [Crossref]
50. Larkin Brian, Hirschkind Charles 2008"ʻIntroduction: Media and the Political Forms of Religionʼ" Social TextVol 25 3 1 9
51. Launay Robert 1997"ʻSpirit Media: The Electronic Media and Islam among the Dyula of Northern Côte d’Ivoireʼ" AfricaVol 67 3 441 453 [Crossref]
52. Launay Robert (1992) 2004 Beyond the Stream: Islam and Society in a West African Town. Long Grove IL Waveland Press
53. Levtzion Nehemia 1968 Muslims and Chiefs in West Africa: A Study of Islam in the Middle Volta Bassin in the Pre-Colonial Period Oxford At the Clarendon Press
54. Lincoln Bruce 1994 Authority: Construction and Corrosion Chicago, Illinois The University of Chicago Press
55. Lovejoy Paul 1980 Caravans of Kola: The Hausa Kola Trade 1700-1900 Zaria, Nigeria Ahmadu Bello University Press
56. MacIntyre Alasdair (1981) 2007 After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory 3rd ed. Notre Dame, Indiana University of Notre Dame Press
57. MacIntyre Alasdair (1988) 2008 Whose Justice? Which Rationality? Notre Dame, Indiana University of Notre Dame Press
58. Mahmood Saba 2001"ʻFeminist Theory, Embodiment, and the Docile Agent: Some Reflections on the Egyptian Islamic Revival’" Cultural AnthropologyVol 16 2 202 235 [Crossref]
59. Mahmood Saba (2005) 2012 Politics of Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject Princeton, New Jersey Princeton University Press
60. Marsden Magnus 2005 Living Islam. Muslim Religious Experience in Pakistan’s North-West Frontier Cambridge Cambridge University Press [Crossref]
61. oed 2014 Oxford English Dictionary Oxford Oxford University Press
62. Owusu-Ansah David 1991 Islamic Talismanic Tradition in Nineteenth-Century Asante Lewiston, New York The Edwin Mellen Press
63. Pedersen Johannes 1948"ʻThe Islamic Preacher: Wa’iz, Mudhakkir, Qassʼ" Löwinger Samuel, Somogyi Joseph Ignace Goldziher Memorial Volume, Part 1 226 251 Budapest, Hungary.
64. Pellow Deborah 1985"ʻMuslim Segmentation: Cohesion and Divisiveness in Accraʼ" The Journal of Modern African StudiesVol 23 3 419 444 [Crossref]
65. Pellow Deborah 2002 Landlords and Lodgers: Socio-Spatial Organization in an Accra Community Westport, Connecticut Praeger
66. Peterson Jennifer 2012"ʻGoing to the Mulid: Street-Smart Spirituality in Egyptʼ" Schielke Samuli, Debevec Liza Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes: An Anthropology of Everyday Religion 113 130 New York/Oxford Berghahn
67. Pontzen Benedikt 2014"ʻIslam in the Zongo: An Ethnography of Islamic Conceptions, Practices, and Imaginaries among Muslims in Asante (Ghana)ʼ" PhD thesis, Anthropology, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin
68. Pontzen Benedikt Forthcoming"ʻ“To Be a Malam Is Not an Easy Thing”: Men of Islamic Learning in a Zongo in Asante, Ghanaʼ" Frede Britta, Salomon Noah, Seesemann Rüdiger Transformations of Islamic Knowledge in Africa Leiden, The Netherlands Brill
69. Rosenthal Franz (1970) 2007 Knowledge Triumphant: The Concept of Knowledge in Medieval Islam Leiden, The Netherlands Brill
70. Schielke Samuli 2012"ʻCapitalist Ethics and the Spirit of Islamization in Egyptʼ" Schielke Samuli, Debevec Liza Ordinary Lives and Grand Schemes: An Anthropology of Everyday Religion 131 145 New York/Oxford Berghahn
71. Schielke Samuli 2015 Egypt in the Future Tense. Hope, Frustration, and Ambivalence before and after 2011 Bloomington, Indiana Indiana University Press
72. Schildkrout Enid 1970"ʻStrangers and Local Government in Kumasiʼ" The Journal of Modern African StudiesVol 8 2 251 269 [Crossref]
73. Schildkrout Enid 1978 People of the Zongo: The Transformation of Ethnic Identities in Ghana Cambridge Cambridge University Press [Crossref]
74. Schulz Dorothea 2003"ʻ“Charisma and Brotherhood” Revisited: Mass-Mediated Forms of Spirituality in Urban Maliʼ" Journal of Religion in AfricaVol 33 2 146 171 [Crossref]
75. Schulz Dorothea 2006"ʻPromises of (Im)Mediate Salvation: Islam, Broadcast Media, and the Remaking of Religious Experience in Maliʼ" American EthnologistVol 33 2 210 229 [Crossref]
76. Seesemann Rüdiger 2011 The Divine Flood: Ibrahim Niasse and the Roots of a Twentieth-Century Sufi Revival Oxford Oxford University Press [Crossref]
77. Shils Edward 1981 Tradition Chicago, Illinois The University of Chicago Press
78. Soares Benjamin 2005 Islam and the Prayer Economy: History and Authority in a Malian Town Edinburgh Edinburgh University Press
79. Starrett Gregory 1998 Putting Islam to Work: Education, Politics, and Religious Transformation in Egypt Berkeley, California University of California Press [Crossref]
80. Triaud Jean-Louis, Robinson David 2000 La Tijâniyya: Une confrérie musulmane à la conquête de l’Afrique Paris Karthala
81. Umar M. Sani 2009"ʻIslam and the Public Sphere in Africa: Overcoming Dichotomiesʼ" Institute for the Study of Islamic Theology in Africa Working Paper Series 2009 1 9
82. undp, Ghana 2007 Offinso District: Human Development Report 2007: Vulnerability and the Attainment of the mdgs at the Local Level Ghana UNDP
83. Ware Rudolph T 2014 The Walking Qur’an: Islamic Education, Embodied Knowledge, and History in West Africa Chapel Hill, North Carolina The University of North Carolina Press
84. Weber Max (1921) 1972 Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft: Grundriss der verstehenden Soziologie 5th ed. Tübingen, Germany J.C.B. Mohr
85. Weber Max (1968) 1978 Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology Berkeley, California University of California Press
86. Wilks Ivor 1961"ʻThe Northern Factor in Ashanti History: Begho and the Mandeʼ" Journal of African HistoryVol 2 1 25 34 [Crossref]
87. Wilks Ivor 1966"ʻThe Position of Muslims in Metropolitan Ashanti in the Early Nineteenth Centuryʼ" Lewis Ioan Islam in Tropical Africa 318 341 London Oxford University Press
88. Wilks Ivor 1968"ʻThe Transmission of Learning in the Western Sudanʼ" Goody Jack Literacy in Traditional Societies 161 197 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
89. Wilks Ivor (1975) 1989 Asante in the Nineteenth Century: The Structure and Evolution of a Political Order Cambridge Cambridge University Press
90. Wilks Ivor 2000"ʻThe Juula and the Expansion of Islam into the Forestʼ" Levtzion Nehemia, Pouwels Randal L. The History of Islam in Africa 93 115 Athens, Ohio Ohio University Press
91. Wright Zachary 2005 On the Path of the Prophet: Shaykh Ahmad Tijani and the Tariqa Muhammadiyya Kaolack, Senegal African American Islamic Institute
92. Zaman Muhammad Qasim 2002 The Ulama in Contemporary Islam: Custodians of Change Princeton, New Jersey Princeton University Press
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15700666-12340098
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15700666-12340098
2017-10-27
2018-10-20

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Journal of Religion in Africa — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation