Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Open Access Men in the Remaking: Conversion Narratives and Born-Again Masculinity in Zambia

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Men in the Remaking: Conversion Narratives and Born-Again Masculinity in Zambia

  • PDF
  • HTML
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Religion in Africa

Abstract The born-again discourse is a central characteristic of Pentecostal Christianity in Africa. In the study of African Christianities, this discourse and the way it (re)shapes people’s moral, religious, and social identities has received much attention. However, hardly any attention has been paid to its effects on men as gendered beings. In the study of men and masculinities in Africa, on the other hand, neither religion in general nor born-again Christianity in particular are taken into account as relevant factors in the construction of masculinities. On the basis of a detailed analysis of interviews with men who are members of a Pentecostal church in Lusaka, Zambia, this article investigates how men’s gender identities are reshaped by becoming and being born-again and how born-again conversion produces new forms of masculinity. The observed Pentecostal transformation of masculinity is interpreted in relation to men’s social vulnerability, particularly in the context of the HIV epidemic in Zambia.

Affiliations: 1: SOAS, University of London Thornhaugh Street—Russell Square, London WC1H 0XG, United Kingdom a.van.klinken@soas.ac.uk

10.1163/15700666-12341229
/content/journals/10.1163/15700666-12341229
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
6
3
Loading

Abstract The born-again discourse is a central characteristic of Pentecostal Christianity in Africa. In the study of African Christianities, this discourse and the way it (re)shapes people’s moral, religious, and social identities has received much attention. However, hardly any attention has been paid to its effects on men as gendered beings. In the study of men and masculinities in Africa, on the other hand, neither religion in general nor born-again Christianity in particular are taken into account as relevant factors in the construction of masculinities. On the basis of a detailed analysis of interviews with men who are members of a Pentecostal church in Lusaka, Zambia, this article investigates how men’s gender identities are reshaped by becoming and being born-again and how born-again conversion produces new forms of masculinity. The observed Pentecostal transformation of masculinity is interpreted in relation to men’s social vulnerability, particularly in the context of the HIV epidemic in Zambia.

Loading

Full text loading...

/deliver/15700666/42/3/15700666_042_03_S02_text.html;jsessionid=rs14mI3YMMwQoS42nkrChYgd.x-brill-live-02?itemId=/content/journals/10.1163/15700666-12341229&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah
/content/journals/10.1163/15700666-12341229
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Brereton Virginia L. From Sin to Salvation: Stories of Women’s Conversions, from 1800 to the Present 1991 Bloomington Indiana University Press
2. Brusco Elisabeth Anderson A.H. , Bergunder M. , Droogers A. , van der Laan C. "‘Gender and Power’" Studying Global Pentecostalism: Theories and Methods 2010 Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London University of California Press 74 92
3. Bujra Janet Cleaver F. "‘Targeting Men for a Change: AIDS Discourse and Activism in Africa’" Masculinities Matter! Men, Gender and Development 2002 London and New York Zed Books 209 234
4. Cheyeka Austin M. Gewald J.B. , Hinfelaar M. , Macola G. "‘Towards a History of the Charismatic Churches in Post-Colonial Zambia’" One Zambia, Many Histories: Towards a History of Post-Colonial Zambia 2008 Leiden Brill 144 163 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004165946.i-304.46
5. Chitando Ezra "‘A New Man for a New Era? Zimbabwean Pentecostalism, Masculinities and the HIV Epidemic’" Missionalia 2007 Vol 35 3 112 127
6. Chitando Ezra , Chirongoma Sophie "‘Challenging Masculinities: Religious Studies, Men and HIV in Africa’" Journal of Constructive Theology 2008 Vol 14 1 55 69
7. Coleman Simon "‘Introduction: Negotiating Personhood in African Christianities’" Journal of Religion in Africa 2011 Vol 41 3 243 255 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/157006611X592296
8. Colson Elisabeth Tonga Religious Life in the Twentieth Century 2006 Lusaka Bookworld
9. Dover Paul Ouzgane L. , Morrell R. "‘Gender and Embodiment: Expectations of Manliness in a Zambian Village’" African Masculinities: Men in Africa from the Late Nineteenth Century to the Present 2005 New York Palgrave Macmillan 173 188
10. Engelke Matthew "‘Discontinuity and the Discourse of Conversion’" Journal of Religion in Africa 2004 Vol 34 1-2 82 109 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/157006604323056732
11. Frahm-Arp Maria. Professional Women in South African Pentecostal Charismatic Churches 2010 Leiden Brill (Studies of Religion in Africa, 38) http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004168756.i-297
12. Gewald Jan-Bart , Hinfelaar Marja , Macola Giacoma Gewald J.B. , Hinfelaar M. , Macola G. "‘Introduction’" One Zambia, Many Histories: Towards a History of Post-Colonial Zambia 2008 Leiden Brill 1 13 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004165946.i-304.10
13. Gibson Diana , Hardon Anita Rethinking Masculinities, Violence and AIDS 2005 Amsterdam Het Spinhuis
14. Gifford Paul "‘Chiluba’s Christian Nation: Christianity as a Factor in Zambian Politics 1991-1996’" Journal of Contemporary Religion 1998 Vol 13 3 363 381 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13537909808580842
15. Gooren Henri Anderson A.H. , Bergunder M. , Droogers A. , van der Laan C. "‘Conversion Narratives’" Studying Global Pentecostalism: Theories and Methods 2010 Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London University of California Press 93 112
16. Hunter Mark Love in the Time of AIDS: Inequality, Gender, and Rights in South Africa 2010 Bloomington Indiana University Press
17. Kalu Ogbu U. African Pentecostalism: An Introduction 2008 New York and Oxford Oxford University Press http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195340006.001.0001
18. Klaits Frederick "‘Introduction: Self, Other and God in African Christianities’" Journal of Religion in Africa 2011 Vol 41 2 143 153 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/157006611X569210
19. Kollman Paul "‘Classifying African Christianities: Past, Present, and Future: Part One’" Journal of Religion in Africa 2010 Vol 40 1 3 32 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/157006610X493107
20. Lindsay Linda A. , Miescher Stephan Men and Masculinities in Modern Africa 2003 Portsmouth, NH Heinemann
21. Manglos Nicolette D. "‘Born Again in Balaka: Pentecostal versus Catholic Narratives of Religious Transformation in Rural Malawi’" Sociology of Religion 2010 Vol 71 4 409 431 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/socrel/srq021
22. Marshall Ruth Political Spiritualities: The Pentecostal Revolution in Nigeria 2009 Chicago, IL and London University of Chicago Press http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226507149.001.0001
23. Martin Bernice Fenn R.K. "‘The Pentecostal Gender Paradox: A Cautionary Tale for the Sociology of Religion’" The Blackwell Companion to the Sociology of Religion 2001 Malden Blackwell 52 66
24. Martin David Pentecostalism: The World their Parish 2002 Malden, Oxford, and Carlton Blackwell Publishing
25. Mate Rekopantswe "‘Women as God’s Laboratories: Pentecostal Discourses of Femininity in Zimbabwe’" Africa 2002 Vol 72 4 549 568 http://dx.doi.org/10.3366/afr.2002.72.4.549
26. Maxwell David African Gifts of the Spirit: Pentecostalism & the Rise of a Zimbabwean Transnational Religious Movement 2006 Oxford, Harare, and Athens, OH James Currey, Weaver Press, and Ohio University Press
27. Meyer Birgit "‘Aesthetics of Persuasion: Global Christianity and Pentecostalism’s Sensational Forms’" The South Atlantic Quarterly 2010a Vol 109 4 741 764 http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/00382876-2010-015
28. Meyer Birgit Anderson A.H. , Bergunder M. , Droogers A. , van der Laan C. "‘Pentecostalism and Globalization’" Studying Global Pentecostalism: Theories and Methods 2010b Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London University of California Press 113 130
29. Meyer Birgit "‘Christianity in Africa: From African Independent to Pentecostal-Charismatic Churches’" Annual Review of Anthropology 2004 Vol 33 447 474 http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.anthro.33.070203.143835
30. Meyer Birgit "‘“Make a Complete Break with the Past”: Memory and Post-Colonial Modernity in Ghanaian Pentecostalist Discourse’" Journal of Religion in Africa 1998 Vol 28 3 316 349
31. Morrell Robert Changing Men in Southern Africa 2001a Pietermaritzburg and London University of Natal Press and Zed Books
32. Morrell Robert Morrell R. "‘The Times of Change: Men and Masculinity in South Africa’" Changing Men in Southern Africa 2001b Pietermaritzburg and London University of Natal Press and Zed Books Ltd 3 37
33. Mugambi Helen N. , Allan Tuzyline J. Masculinities in African Literary and Cultural Texts 2010 Banbury Ayebia Clarke Publishing Ltd.
34. Nadar Sarojini "‘“The Bible Says!” Feminism, Hermeneutics and Neo-Pentecostal Challenges’" Journal of Theology for Southern Africa 2009 Vol 134 131 146
35. Ouzgane Lahoucine , Morrell Robert African Masculinities: Men in Africa from the Late Nineteenth Century to the Present 2005 New York Palgrave Macmillan
36. Phiri Isabel A. "‘Major Challenges for African Women Theologians in Theological Education (1989-2008)’" International Review of Mission 2009 Vol 98 1 105 119 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1758-6631.2009.00009.x
37. Robbins Joel "‘The Globalization of Pentecostal and Charismatic Christianity’" Annual Review of Anthropology 2004 Vol 33 117 143 http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.anthro.32.061002.093421
38. Sackey Brigid M. New Directions in Gender And Religion: The Changing Status of Women in African Independent Churches 2006 Lanham Lexington Books
39. Shefer Tamara , Ratele Kopano , Strebel Anna , Shabalala Nokuthla , Buikema Rosemarie From Boys to Men: Social Constructions of Masculinity in Contemporary Society 2007 Lansdowne UCT Press
40. Silberschmidt Margarethe Ouzgane L. , Morrell R. "‘Poverty, Male Disempowerment, and Male Sexuality: Rethinking Men and Masculinities in Rural and Urban East Africa’" African Masculinities: Men in Africa from the Late Nineteenth Century to the Present 2005 New York Palgrave Macmillan 189 204
41. Simpson Anthony Boys and Men in the Shadow of AIDS: Masculinities and HIV Risk in Zambia 2009 New York Palgrave Macmillan http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/9780230620711
42. Soothill Jane E. Gender, Social Change and Spiritual Power: Charismatic Christianity in Ghana 2007 Leiden Brill (Studies of Religion in Africa, vol. 30) http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/ej.9789004157897.i-264
43. Uchendu Egodi Masculinities in Contemporary Africa 2008 Dakar Codesria
44. Van Klinken Adriaan S. "‘Male Headship as Male Agency: An Alternative Understanding of a Patriarchal African Pentecostal Discourse on Masculinity’" Religion and Gender 2011 Vol 1 1 103 124
45. Van Klinken Adriaan S. Transforming Masculinities in African Christianity: Gender Controversies in Times of AIDS Aldershot Ashgate Publishing
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15700666-12341229
Loading
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15700666-12341229
2012-01-01
2016-12-05

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation