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La grande histoire de Tristram qu' on appelle le Bret

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[As the original collections of the Ghent University Library were formed, at the time of the French Revolution, by the fusion of the libraries of the abolished institutions of the département de l'Escaut, the old catalogues of the ancient libraries are of extremely great value for the study of the origin of the manuscripts of this library. By comparing the old catalogues of the library of Saint-Bavo - formerly an abbey, and later on the cathedral of Ghent - we have had occasion to identify some of the manuscripts the origin of which was no longer known by J. de Saint-Genois (catalogue printed in 1849-52). An item in the Saint-Bavo catalogues of 1745 and 1789, listing a book entitled Tristan Historiae and Historine de Tristan pars prima, but not mentioning whether it is a manuscript or a printed book, is here examined. A manuscript in the University library, also containing the first part of Tristan, shows only a shield which had not been identified up to now, together with a short poem and a kind of device signed Jacques. The hand which wrote the poem is of the end of the isth or the beginning of the 16th century. The manuscript itself, as we can conclude from the watermark, from the script and from the illustration, is of the second half of the 15th century. The shield shows the well-known coat of arms of the De Ghistelles family, chamberlains of Flanders, but is charged with another shield 'en écart' upon the left quarter, which we could identify as belonging to the De Craon family allied to the count of Flanders. It is therefore possible to attribute the shield of our manuscript to Jacques, lord of Dudzcle and affiliated to the De Ghistelles family. Even the short poem on the fly leaf of the manuscript becomes significant, as relating to a person beheaded at Bruges in 1488 by the rebellious citizens of the three towns of Flanders. Since we know that the grandson of Jacques de Dudzele, Arthur de Ghistelles, was buried at Ghent in 1608 in the crypt of the cathedral, and that his great grandchild, François de Ghistelles, son of Arthur, died celebrating the mass on Christmas Eve, 24 December 1641, being canon and dean of the cathedral, it is not diefficult to imagine how the manuscript of Tristan came into the possession of the Ghent cathedral library. It seems important to note that the Ghent Tristan, which was written before the death of Jacques de Dudzele, eluded the investigations of E. Vinaver as well as of E. S. Murrell who studied the other 59 copies of the Tristan in prose., As the original collections of the Ghent University Library were formed, at the time of the French Revolution, by the fusion of the libraries of the abolished institutions of the département de l'Escaut, the old catalogues of the ancient libraries are of extremely great value for the study of the origin of the manuscripts of this library. By comparing the old catalogues of the library of Saint-Bavo - formerly an abbey, and later on the cathedral of Ghent - we have had occasion to identify some of the manuscripts the origin of which was no longer known by J. de Saint-Genois (catalogue printed in 1849-52). An item in the Saint-Bavo catalogues of 1745 and 1789, listing a book entitled Tristan Historiae and Historine de Tristan pars prima, but not mentioning whether it is a manuscript or a printed book, is here examined. A manuscript in the University library, also containing the first part of Tristan, shows only a shield which had not been identified up to now, together with a short poem and a kind of device signed Jacques. The hand which wrote the poem is of the end of the isth or the beginning of the 16th century. The manuscript itself, as we can conclude from the watermark, from the script and from the illustration, is of the second half of the 15th century. The shield shows the well-known coat of arms of the De Ghistelles family, chamberlains of Flanders, but is charged with another shield 'en écart' upon the left quarter, which we could identify as belonging to the De Craon family allied to the count of Flanders. It is therefore possible to attribute the shield of our manuscript to Jacques, lord of Dudzcle and affiliated to the De Ghistelles family. Even the short poem on the fly leaf of the manuscript becomes significant, as relating to a person beheaded at Bruges in 1488 by the rebellious citizens of the three towns of Flanders. Since we know that the grandson of Jacques de Dudzele, Arthur de Ghistelles, was buried at Ghent in 1608 in the crypt of the cathedral, and that his great grandchild, François de Ghistelles, son of Arthur, died celebrating the mass on Christmas Eve, 24 December 1641, being canon and dean of the cathedral, it is not diefficult to imagine how the manuscript of Tristan came into the possession of the Ghent cathedral library. It seems important to note that the Ghent Tristan, which was written before the death of Jacques de Dudzele, eluded the investigations of E. Vinaver as well as of E. S. Murrell who studied the other 59 copies of the Tristan in prose.]

10.1163/157006973X00192
/content/journals/10.1163/157006973x00192
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/content/journals/10.1163/157006973x00192
1973-01-01
2016-12-11

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