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The Praefatio (Prologus) Sancti Cyrilli de Paschate and the 437-year (not 418!) Paschal list attributed to Theophilus

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AbstractThe Editio Princeps of the Prologus Sancti Cyrilli de Paschate was published by Denis Petau in 1627 from a manuscript in which the author attributed a 418-year list of dates for Passover and Easter to Theophilus of Alexandria, which the author claimed to have abbreviated to 95 years. Bruno Krusch used two additional manuscripts for his 1880 edition, in which the number attributed to Theophilus is 428. Scholars have argued that 418 must be the correct original number, because 428 is not a multiple of 19. Three previously neglected manuscripts show that the number was originally 437. The author of this text deduced that the 95-year list began approximately 438 years after the birth of Christ and therefore surmised that it was a continuation of a 437-year list that began with Passover in the first year after the Nativity. The 418 years may have been substituted by a redactor who was misled by a postscript that appears in two of the manuscripts.

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