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Contending For Tongues: W. W. Simpson's Pentecostal Experience in Northwest China

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The Pentecostal Movement spread over China in the early twentieth century and with it came the usual controversies, as is evident in the life of W. W. Simpson. Simpson experienced Spirit baptism, with glossolalia, in 1907, after 15 years in China. His insistence thereafter that tongues-speaking was the initial physical evidence of Spirit baptism cost him dearly and caused a great deal of strife among missionaries and their sponsoring agencies. Nevertheless, even while it spawned conflicts, the Pentecostal Movement seems to have influenced the development of the Chinese Church.

Affiliations: 1: Associate Professor of History, Department of History and Political Science, Vanguard University of Southern California, 55 Fair Drive, Costa Mesa, CA 92656;, Email:


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