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Technology meets tradition: A combined VIE-C technique for individually marking anurans

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image of Applied Herpetology

We report on the use of a hybrid marking technique (VIE-C) combining Visible Implant Elastomer (VIE) marks with toe-clipping (C) to mark individuals of several species of treefrogs (Hylidae). Our marking strategy entailed injecting elastomer into the plantar surface of the digits and clipping only one toe. This method allows large numbers of frogs to be individually marked, reduces the potential for negative effects due to clipping multiple toes, and minimizes the frequency of elastomer migration from the injection site, a common problem with VIE marks on the body or limbs. We found retention rate of VIE marks in the digits to be similar to that of toe-clips, indicating that VIE provides a satisfactory alternative to multiple toe-clips. In addition, cost of materials, frog handling time, and ill effects were minimal. This VIE-C marking scheme is highly recommended when considering techniques for marking anurans, as it reduces potential negative effects of clipping multiple toes, and provides a large number of inexpensive and long-lasting individual marks that can be easily applied and quickly read in the field by trained observers.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Wildlife Ecology, University of Florida, 110 Newins-Ziegler Hall, PO Box 110430, Gainesville, Florida, USA, 32611; 2: Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida, 1200 North Park Road, Plant City, Florida, USA, 33563;, Email: monicaem@ufl.edu; 3: Department of Wildlife Ecology, University of Florida, 110 Newins-Ziegler Hall, PO Box 110430, Gainesville, Florida, USA, 32611, Gulf Coast Research and Education Center, University of Florida, 1200 North Park Road, Plant City, Florida, USA, 33563

10.1163/157075408785911002
/content/journals/10.1163/157075408785911002
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/content/journals/10.1163/157075408785911002
2008-09-01
2016-12-03

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