Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Kinetics of primary antibody responses to sheep red blood cells in birds: a literature review and new data from great tits and European starlings

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Animal Biology

Measuring the primary antibody immune response to an injection with sheep red blood cells (SRBC) is a routine application in poultry science. Recently, this technique is also becoming an increasingly popular tool to investigate humoral immunocompetence in free-living birds in studies of ecological immunology and immunotoxicology. However, an extensive search of the literature revealed that many of these studies have been measuring the primary immune response to SRBC without verifying first when maximum levels of antibodies are reached in the bird species under study. In addition, most studies assessed antibody titres to SRBC approximately 6 days after their inoculation assuming a similar pattern as found in poultry. We tested this assumption of a uniform pattern of kinetics of the primary humoral immune response to SRBC across bird species and investigated it in detail in two important model species, namely the great tit Parus major and the European starling Sturnus vulgaris. In general, the pattern was found to be the same in both passerine species and strongly resembled the pattern observed in chickens. Maximum antibody levels (the plateau phase) were reached on, respectively, day 5 and day 6 (with day of inoculation = day 0) of the immune response in the great tit and the starling and lasted for 3 days in both species. We found no effects of age, sex or time spent in captivity. Furthermore, our findings suggest that antibody levels to SRBC should not be obligatory assessed during the plateau phase of maximum antibody levels although it still remains most accurate to do so or at least shortly before or after it. Overall, we conclude that antibody levels have been reliably assessed in most avian studies using this technique.

Affiliations: 1: University of Antwerp, Department of Biology, Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Wilrijk, Belgium


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Animal Biology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation