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Population genetic structure of golden pheasant Chrysolophus pictus in the Qinling Mountains, China

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For more content, see Archives Néerlandaises de Zoologie (Vol 1-17) and Netherlands Journal of Zoology (Vol 18-52).

The golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) is an endemic pheasant of central China and is protected under national legislation. The Qinling Mountains form a natural barrier between northern and southern China. We investigated the population genetic structure using 1123 nucleotides of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control-region from 55 individuals sampled from five populations of gold pheasant in the Qinling Mountains. We found sixteen haplotypes defined by fourteen polymorphic sites. Phylogenetic analyses showed that the haplotypes sampled from the five putative populations did not cluster into separate geographic branches. There was an insignificant genetic differentiation among the putative populations (except GSTS population), probably due to high levels of gene flow. Results from the mismatch distribution and neutrality test analyses indicated the populations did not experience a range expansion over the course of their histories. They also suggested there was no geographical isolation shaped by the Qingling Mountains for Chrysolophus pictus.

Affiliations: 1: 1School of Life Sciences, Jinggangshan University, Ji’an, Jiangxi Province 343009, China; 2: 2School of Life Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province 710062, China; 3: 3College of Life Sciences, Hainan Normal University, Haikou, Hainan Province 571158, China

10.1163/157075611X618183
/content/journals/10.1163/157075611x618183
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2012-01-01
2016-12-04

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