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No sexual dimorphism in limb muscles of a frog not engaging in amplexus

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For more content, see Archives Néerlandaises de Zoologie (Vol 1-17) and Netherlands Journal of Zoology (Vol 18-52).

Sexual dimorphism in limb muscles is widespread among anurans, with males having stronger limbs than females. This phenomenon has been interpreted in the context of intrasexual selection: 1) the robust forelimb muscles in males are associated with amplexus, in which the male tries to grasp the female tightly, and also with rejection of rivals’ attempts at taking over, and 2) massive hindlimb muscles favor the ability to kick away rivals during scramble competition. However, in a few species, fertilization occurs without any form of amplexus and in these species the limb muscle dimorphism is expected to be absent. We tested this prediction in Feirana taihangnicus: a species without amplexus. As expected, we detected non-significant sexual differences in the mass of both forelimb and hindlimb muscles after accounting for body size and age. Our findings represent an interesting example of coevolution of form and function.

Affiliations: 1: 1Department of Zoology, College of Life Sciences, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007, China; 2: 3Department of Zoology, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China

10.1163/15707563-00002421
/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002421
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/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002421
2013-01-01
2017-11-19

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