Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

A reappraisal of the existence of an avian pyramidal tract, a review

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Animal Biology
For more content, see Archives Néerlandaises de Zoologie (Vol 1-17) and Netherlands Journal of Zoology (Vol 18-52).

This communication presents a concise overview of reports in the literature concerning the occurrence of extratelencephalic fibre tracts in birds and the comparability of these tracts with the mammalian pyramidal tract. Emphasis is on the intratelencephalic organization, in particular that of the intratelencephalic sensorimotor circuits processing information from all important types of sense organs. It is suggested that two descending tracts, the occipitomesencephalic tract and the basal tractus superficialis medialis in birds have the same role in guiding behaviour as the pyramidal pathway in mammals. However, the differences in origin, trajectory and targets suggest that two independent systems may have developed in birds. One of these, the basal tractus superficialis medialis, represents the homologue of the pyramidal tract. It is suggested that the occipitomesencephalic tract is a specific feature of birds that has developed during the evolution from the early dinosaurs to birds. This suggestion follows from recent observations on the evolution of birds.

Affiliations: 1: Leiden University (emeritus), Laan van Berendrecht 236, Leiderdorp, The Netherlands

10.1163/15707563-00002439
/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002439
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002439
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Abzhanov A. ( 2012) "Birds have paedomorphic dinosaur skull". Nature, Vol 487( 22), 3- 226.
2. Adamo N.J. ( 1967) "Connections of efferent fibers from hyperstriatal areas in Chicken, Raven, and African Lovebird". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 131, 337- 355. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cne.901310304
3. Bagnoli P. , Burkhalter A. ( 1983) "Organization of the afferent projections to the Wulst of the pigeon". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 214, 103- 113. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cne.902140111
4. Balanoff A.M. , Bever G.S. , Rowe T.B. , Norell M.A. ( 2013) "Evolutionary origins of the avian brain". Nature, Vol 501, 93- 96. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12424
5. Berkhoudt H. , Dubbeldam J.L. , Zeilstra S. ( 1981) "Studies on the somatotopy of the trigeminal system in the mallard, Anas platyrhynchos, IV. Tactile representation in the nucleus basalis". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 196, 407- 420. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cne.901960305
6. Bhullar B.A.S. , Maruigná-Lobós J. , Racimo F. , Bever G.S. , Rowe T.B. , Norell M.A. , Abzhanov A. ( 2012) "Birds have paedomorphic dinosaur skulls". Nature, Vol 487, 223- 226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature11146
7. Dubbeldam J.L. ( 1976) "The basal branch of the septomesencephalic tract in the mallard ( Anas platyrhynchosL.)". Acta Morphol. Néerl.-Scand., Vol 14, 48.
8. Dubbeldam J.L. ( 1998) "Birds". In: Nieuwenhuys R. , ten Donkelaar H.J. , Nicholson C. The Central Nervous System of Vertebrates, pp.  1325- 1636. Springer, Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo.
9. Dubbeldam J.L. ( 2001) "Evolution of play-like behaviour and the uncoupling of neural locomotor mechanisms". Neth. J. Zool., Vol 51, 335- 345. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156854201753247587
10. Dubbeldam J.L. , den Boer-Visser A.M. , Bout R.G. ( 1997) "Organization and efferent connections of the archistriatum of the mallard Anas platyrhynchos, an anterograde and retrograde tracing study". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 388, 632- 657. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-9861(19971201)388:4<632::AID-CNE10>3.0.CO;2-N
11. Farries M.A. ( 2001) "The oscine song system considered in the context of the avian brain: Lessons learned from comparative neurobiology". Brain Behav. Evol., Vol 58, 80- 100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000047263
12. Haartsen A.B. , Verhaart W.J.C. ( 1967) "Cortical projections to brain stem and spinal cord in the goat by way of the pyramidal tract and the bundle of Bagley". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 129, 189- 202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cne.901290206
13. Hoogland P.V. ( 1977) "Efferent connections of the striatum in Tupinambis nigropunctatus ". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 152, 229- 246.
14. Jarvis E.D. , Güntürkün O. , Bruce L. , Csillag A. , Karten H. , Kuenzel W. , Medina L. , Paxinos G. , Perkel D.J. , Shimizu T. , Striedter G. , Wild J.M. , Ball G.F. , Dugas-Ford J. , Durand S.E. , Hough G.E. , Husband S. , Kubikova L. , Lee D.W. , Mello C.V. , Powers A. , Siang C. , Smulders T.V. , Wada K. , White S.A. , Yamamoto K. , Yu J. , Reiner A. , Butler A.B. & Avian Brain Nomenclature Consortium. ( 2005) "Avian Brain Nomenclature Consortium (2004) Avian brains and a new understanding of vertebrate brain evolution". Nature Reviews/Neuroscience, Vol 6, 151- 159.
15. Jarvis E.D. , Yu J. , Rivas M.V. , Horita H. , Feenders G. , Whitney O. , Jarvis S.C. , Jarvis E.R. , Kubikova L. , Puck A.E. , Siang-Bakshi C. , Martin S. , McElroy M. , Hara E. , Howard J. , Mouritsen H. , Chen C.-C. , Wada K. ( 2013) "Global view of the functional molecular organization of the avian cerebrum: mirror images and functional columns". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 521, 3614- 3665. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cne.23404
16. Kalischer O. ( 1905) "Das Grosshirn der Papageien in anatomischer und physiologischer Beziehung". Abhandl. Königl. Preus. Akad. – Wiss., Vol 1905, 1- 105  + 6 tables.
17. Karten H.J. ( 1969) "The organization of the avian telencephalon and some speculations on the phylogeny of the amniote telencephalon". Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., Vol 167, 164- 179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1969.tb20442.x
18. Karten H.J. ( 1979) "Visual lemniscal pathways in birds". In: Granda A.M. , Maxwell J.H. (Eds.) Neural Mechanisms of Behaviour in the Pigeon, pp.  409- 430. Plenum Press, New York.
19. Karten H.J. , Dubbeldam J.L. ( 1973) "Organization and projections of the paleostriatal complex in the pigeon ( Columba livia)". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 148, 61- 90. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cne.901480105
20. Karten H.J. , Shimizu T. ( 1989) "Origins of the neocortex: connections and lamination as distinct events in evolution". J. Cognit. Neurosc., Vol 1, 291- 301. http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/jocn.1989.1.4.291
21. Miceli D. , Repérant J. ( 1982) "Thalamo-hyperstriatal pathway in the pigeon ( Columba livia) as demonstrated by retrograde double-labelling with fluorescent tracers". Brain Res., Vol 245, 365- 371. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(82)90819-8
22. Nauta W.J.H. , Gygax P.A. ( 1971) "Silver impregnation of degenerating axon terminals in the central nervous system". Stain Technol., Vol 26, 5- 11.
23. Nauta W.J.H. , Karten H.J. ( 1970) "A general profile of the vertebrate brain, with sidelights on the ancestry of cerebral cortex". In: Schmitt F.O. (Ed.) The Neurosciences. Second Study Program, pp.  7- 26. Rockefeller University Press, New York.
24. Nieuwenhuys R. ( 1998) " Cerebral cortex ". In: Nieuwenhuys R. , ten Donkelaar H.J. , Nicholson C. The Central Nervous System of Vertebrates, pp.  1932- 2022. Springer, Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-18262-4
25. Padian K. , Chiappe L.M. ( 1998) "The origin and early evolution of birds". Biol. Rev., Vol 73, 1- 42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0006323197005100
26. Platel R. , Beckers H.J. , Nieuwenhuys R. ( 1973) "Les champs corticeaux chez Testudo hermanni(Reptile Chélonien) et chez Caiman crocodylus(Reptile Crocodillien)". Acta Morphol. Néerl.-Scand., Vol 11, 121- 150.
27. Puelles L. ( 2001a) "Thoughts on the development, structure and evolution of the mammalian and avian telencephalic pallium". Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B, Vol 356, 1583- 1598. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2001.0973
28. Puelles L. ( 2001b) "Evolution of the nervous system. Brain segmentation and forebrain development in amniotes". Brain Res. Bull., Vol 55, 695- 710. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0361-9230(01)00588-3
29. Rehkämper G. , Zilles K. , Schleicher A. ( 1984) "A quantitative approach to cytoarchitectonics. IX: The areal pattern of the hyperstriatum ventrale in the domestic pigeon, Columba liviaf. d." Anat. Embryol., Vol 169, 319- 327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00315637
30. Reiner A. , Yamamoto K. , Karten H.J. ( 2005) "Organization and evolution of the avian forebrain". Anat. Re. Pl A, Vol 287A, 1080- 1102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ar.a.20253
31. Sereno P.C. ( 1999) "The evolution of dinosaurs". Science, Vol 284, 2137- 2147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.284.5423.2137
32. Shimizu T. , Bowers A.N. ( 1999) "Visual circuits of the avian telencephalon. Evolutionary implications". Behav. Brain Res., Vol 98, 183- 191. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0166-4328(98)00083-7
33. Shimizu T. , Cox K. , Karten H.J. ( 1995) "Intratelencephalic projections of the visual Wulst in pigeons ( Colomba livia)". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 395, 572.
34. ten Donkelaar H.J. ( 1998) "Reptiles". In: Nieuwenhuys R. , ten Donkelaar H.J. , Nicholson C. The Central Nervous System of Vertebrates, pp.  1315- 1523. Springer, Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-18262-4_20
35. Ulinski P.S. ( 1976) "Structure of anterior dorsal ventricular ridge in snakes". J. Morphol., Vol 148, 1- 22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmor.1051480102
36. Ulinski P.S. ( 1990) "Nodal events in forebrain evolution". Neth. J., Zool., Vol 40, 215- 240. http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/156854289X00273
37. Ulinski P.S. , Margoliash D. ( 1990) "Neurobiology of the reptile-bird transition". In: Jones E.G. , Peters A. (Eds.) Cerebral Cortex, pp.  217- 265. Plenum Publ. Corp. 8A.
38. Veenman C.L. , Gottschaldt K.-M. ( 1986) "The nucleus basalis-neostriatum complex in the goose ( Anser anserL.)". Adv. Anat. Embryol., Cell Biol., Vol 96, 1- 85.
39. Veenman C.L. , Wild J.M. , Reiner A. ( 1995) "Organization of the avian: “corticostriatal” projection system: a retrograde and anterograde pathway tracing study in pigeons". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 354, 87- 126. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cne.903540108
40. Verhaart W.J.C. ( 1971) "Forebrain bundles and fibre systems in the avian brainstem". J. Hirnforsch., Vol 13, 37- 386.
41. Verhaart W.J.C. ( 1974) "Identification of fibre systems of the avian midbrain". J. Hirnforsch., Vol 15, 379- 386.
42. Verhaart W.J.C. ( 1976) "Nuclei and tracts of the di-mesencephalon of the parakeet". Acta Anat., Vol 19, 89- 118. http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000144547
43. Webster D.M.S. , Steeves J.D. ( 1988) "Origins of brainstem-spinal projections in the duck and goose". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 273, 573- 583. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cne.902730411
44. Webster D.M.S. , Rogers L.J. , Pettigrew J.G. , Steeves J.D. ( 1990) "Origins of descending spinal pathways in prehensile birds: do parrots have a homologue to the corticospinal tract of the mammals". Brain Behav. Evol., Vol 36, 216- 226. http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000115308
45. Wild J.M. ( 1987) "The avian somatosensory system: connections of regions of body representation in the forebrain of the pigeon". Brain Res., Vol 412, 205- 233. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(87)91127-9
46. Wild J.M. , Williams M.N. ( 1999) "Rostral Wulst of passerine birds. II. Intratelencephalic projections to nuclei associated with the auditory and song systems". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 413, 520- 534. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-9861(19991101)413:4<520::AID-CNE3>3.0.CO;2-B
47. Wild J.M. , Williams M.N. ( 2000) "Origin, course, and terminations of an avian pyramidal tract". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 416, 429- 450. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-9861(20000124)416:4<429::AID-CNE2>3.0.CO;2-X
48. Wouterlood F.G. ( 1981) "The structure of the mediodorsal cerebral cortex in the lizard Agama agama. A Golgi study". J. Comp. Neurol., Vol 196, 443- 458. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cne.901960308
49. Zecha A. ( 1962) "The “pyramidal tract” and other telencephalic efferents in birds". Acta Morphol. Néerl.-Scand., Vol 5, 194- 195.
50. Zeier H.P. , Karten H.J. ( 1971) "The archistriatum of the pigeon: organization of afferent and efferent connections". Brain Res., Vol 31, 313- 326. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0006-8993(71)90185-5
51. Zweers G.A. , Berkhoudt H. , Vanden Berge J.C. ( 1994) "Behavioral mechanisms of avian feeding". Adv. Comp. Envir. Physiol., Vol 18, 240- 279.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002439
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002439
2014-06-05
2017-11-22

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Animal Biology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation