Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Seasonal variation in the reproductive tract of the Indian flying fox, Pteropus giganteus (Brünnich, 1782)

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Animal Biology

Seasonal variation in the reproductive tract of Pteropus giganteus was studied at 13 sites of the Pothwar Plateau and Islamabad Capital Territory. Ninety-three dead specimens were collected from roosts, orchards and home-based small cultivations of fruit trees. In males, seasonal differences in testis length, testis width, cauda epididymidis length and penis length were recorded. Positive correlations were found between body weight, body length and all parameters of male reproductive tract. Significant monthly variations in testes conditions (viz. flaccid and turgid) were observed. In females, seasonal variation in reproductive tract weight, ovary length, ovary width, uterus length and uterus width were seen. In females, a strong relationship of body weight with total body length and female reproductive tract parameters were found. In flying foxes’ population of Pothwar, first mating was observed in December-January and second in June-July, suggesting two mating seasons in winter and summer.

Affiliations: 1: 1Department of Zoology, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Murree Road Rawalpindi, Pakistan; 2: 2Department of Wildlife Management, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Murree Road Rawalpindi, Pakistan

10.1163/15707563-00002450
/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002450
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002450
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Asdell S.A. ( 1964) Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction. Cornell University Press, New York.
2. Barclay R.M.R. , Harder L.D. ( 2003) "Life histories of bats: life in the slow lane". In: Kunz T.H. , Fenton M.B. (Eds.) Bats Ecology. University of Chicago Press Chicago.
3. Bates P.J.J. , Harrison D.L. ( 1997) Bats of the Indian Subcontinent. Harrison Zoological Museum Publications, 258 pp.
4. Bradbury J.W. ( 1977) "Lek mating behavior in hammer headed bat". Zeitscrift für Tierpsychologie, Vol 45, 225- 255. [Crossref]
5. Crichton E.G. , Krutzsch P.H. (Eds.) ( 2000) Reproductive Biology of Bats. Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 528 pp.
6. de Jong C.E. , Jonsson N.N. , Field H. , Smith C. , Crichton E.C. , Philips N. , Johnston S.D. ( 2005) "Collection, seminal characteristics and chilled storage of spermatozoa from three species of free-range flying fox ( Pteropusspp.)". Theriogenology, Vol 64, 1072- 1089. [Crossref]
7. Deshmukh G.D. , Dhamani A.A. ( 2011) "Seasonal testicular changes during the annual reproductive cycle of Indian flying fox Pteropus giganteus giganteus(Brunnich)". J. Cell and tissue Research, Vol 11( 3), 2943- 2948.
8. Dolbeer R.R. , Fiedler L.R. , Rasheed H. ( 1988) Management of fruit bat and rat populations in the Maldive islands, Indian Ocean. In: A.C. Crabb & R.E. Marsh (Eds.) 13th Proc. Vertebr. Pest Conf., pp. 112-118. University of California, Davis.
9. Dorlikar A.V. , Dhamani A.A. , Charde P.N. , Mohite A.S. ( 2013) "Morphometric and histoarchitectural changes in the ovary of Pteropus giganteus(Brunnich) during various phases of reproductive cycle". International Journal of Molecular Zoology, Vol 3, 8, DOI: .
10. Falanruw M.V.C. ( 1988) "On the status, reproductive biology and management of fruit bats of Yap". Micronesica, Vol 21, 39- 51.
11. Fox S. , Spencer H. , Gemma M. ( 2008) "Analysis of twining in flying foxes (Megachiroptera) reveals superfoetation and multiple paternities". Acta Chiropterologica, Vol 10, 271- 278. [Crossref]
12. Grant G.S. , Banack S.A. ( 1999) "Harem structure and reproductive behavior of Pterpus tonganusin American Samoa". Australian Mammology, Vol 21, 111- 120.
13. Heideman P.D. ( 2000) "Environmental regulation of reproduction". In: Crichton E.G. , Krutzsch P.H. (Eds.) Reproductive Biology of Bats, pp  469- 499. Academic Press, San Diego, CA. [Crossref]
14. Heithaus E.R. , Fleming T.H. , Opter P.A. ( 1975) "Foraging patterns and resource utilization in seven species of bats in a seasonal tropical forest". Ecology, Vol 56, 716- 723. [Crossref]
15. Hood C. , Smith J. ( 1989) "Sperm storage in a tropical nectar-feeding bat, Macroglossus minimus(Pteropodidae)". Journal of Mammalogy, Vol 70, 404- 406. [Crossref]
16. IUCN( 2010) Red list of threatened species, Version 2010.4. Available at: .
17. Jones K.E. , Maclarnon A. ( 2001) "Bat life histories testing models of mammalian life history evolution". Evolutionary Ecology Research, Vol 3, 465- 476.
18. Kingdon J. ( 1974) East Affrican Mammals, Vol Vol. II A: insectivores and bats. Academic Press, London, England, 392 pp.
19. Kofron C. ( 2007) "Reproduction of the dusky fruit bat Penthetor lucasi(Pteropodidae) in Brunei, Borneo". Mammalia, Vol 71, 166- 171. [Crossref]
20. Koilraj J.A. , Agoramoorthy G. , Marimuthu G. ( 2001) "Copulatory behavior of Indian flying fox Pteropus giganteus ". Current Science, Vol 80, 15- 16.
21. Kretschmann K. , Hayes R. ( 2004) "Old World fruit bats I ( Pteropus)". In: Hutchins M. , Evans A. , Jackson J. (Eds.) Animal Life Encyclopedia, Vol Vol. 13: mammals II. 2nd ed., pp.  319- 332. Grzimek’s Detroit, Gale.
22. Krutzsch P.H. ( 1979) "Male reproductive patterns in non hibernating bats". J. Reprod. Fert., Vol 1979, 333- 344. [Crossref]
23. Krutzsch P.H. ( 2000) "Anatomy, physiology and cyclicity of the male reproductive tract". In: Crichton E.G. , Krutzsch P.H. (Eds.) Reproductive Biology of Bats, pp.  91- 156. Academic Press, San Diego, CA. [Crossref]
24. Kunz T.H. , Fenton M.B. (Eds.) ( 2003) Bat Ecology. University of Chicago Press, IL, 784 pp.
25. Marshall A.J. ( 1949) "Pregestational changes in the giant fruit bat ( Pteropus giganteus), with special reference to an asymmetric endometrial reaction". Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, Vol 161( 1), 26- 36. [Crossref]
26. Marshall A.G. ( 1985) "Old World phytophagus bats (Megachiroptera) and their food plants survey". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol 83, 351- 369. [Crossref]
27. Martin L. , Towers P.A. , McGuckin M.A. , Little L. , Luckhoff H. , Blackshaw A.W. ( 1987) "Reproductive biology of flying-foxes (Chiroptera: Pteropodidae)". Aust. Mammal., Vol 10, 115- 118.
28. Mathur V. , Priya Y.S. , Kumar H. , Elangovan V. ( 2012) "Reproductive behaviour and population dynamics of Indian flying fox Pteropus giganteus ". Journal of Threatened Taxa, Vol 7( 4), 2699- 2704.
29. Matthews L.H. ( 1941) "Notes on genitalia and reproduction of African bats". Proceeding of the Zoological Society of London B, Vol 111, 289- 346.
30. McCann C. ( 1941) "Further observations on the flying fox ( Pteropus giganteusBrunnich) and the fulvus fruit-bat ( Rousettus leschenaultiaDesm)". J. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc., Vol 42, 587- 592.
31. McClean J.A. , Speakman J.R. ( 1999) "Energy budgets of lactating and non lactating brown long eared bats suggest females use metabolic compensation during lactation". Funct. Ecol., Vol 13, 373- 383. [Crossref]
32. Melville D.F. , O’Brien G.M. , Crichton E.G. , Theilemann P. , McKinnon A. , Johnston S.D. ( 2012) "Reproductive seasonality and the effect of the GnRH agonist deslorelin as a contraceptive in captive male black flying-foxes ( Pteropus alecto)". Theriogenology, Vol 77, 652- 661. [Crossref]
33. Miguel A. , Ricardo L.G. , Omar L.W. , Edith H.P. , Ríos A. , Rosado A. ( 2005) "Male reproductive cycle of Mexican big-eared bats, Corynorhinus mexicanus(Chiroptera: vespertilionidae)". The Southwestern Naturalist, Vol 50( 4), 453- 460. [Crossref]
34. Mutere F. ( 1980) Eidolon helvumRevisited. In: D. Wilson & A. Gardner (Eds.) Proceedings of the Fifth International Bat Res.Conference. Lubbock, Texas, U.S.A., pp. 145-150. Texas Tech. Press.
35. Nelson J.E.W. ( 1963) The biology of the flying-fox (genusPteropus ) in south-eastern Queensland. Ph.D. Thesis. Univ. Queensland, St. Lucia.
36. Neuweiler G. ( 1969) "Verhaltensbeobachtungen an einer Indischen Flughundkolonie ( Pteropus giganteus)". Zeitscrift fur Tierpsychologie, Vol 26, 166- 199. [Crossref]
37. Nowak R. ( 1999) Walker’s Mammals of the World. The Johns Hopkins University Press, London.
38. O’Brien G.M. ( 1993) "Seasonal reproduction in flying foxes, reviewed in the context of other tropical mammals". Reproduction, Fertility and Development, Vol 5( 5), 499- 521. [Crossref]
39. O’Brien G.M. , Nankervis R.F. ( 1994) "Coital behavior of male Pteropus scapulatus(little red flying foxes) in captivity". Physiology & Behavior, Vol 56( 30), 471- 477. [Crossref]
40. Pierson E.D. , Rainey W.E. ( 1992) "The Biology of flying foxes of genus Pteropus ". Biological Reprodution, Vol 90, 1- 17.
41. Puddicombe R. ( 1981) A behavioral study of the grey headed flying foxPteropus poliocephalus (Megachiroptera). B.Sc. Honors Thesis. University of New England: Armidale, New South Wales, Australia.
42. Racey P.A. ( 1982) "Ecology of bat reproduction". In: Kunz T.H. (Ed.) Ecology of Bats, pp.  57- 104. Plenum Press, New York, NY. [Crossref]
43. Racey P.A. , Speakman J.R. ( 1987) "The energy costs of pregnancy and lactation in heterothermic bats". Symp. Zool. Soc. Lond., Vol 57, 107- 125.
44. Racey P.A. , Swift S.M. (Eds.) ( 1995) Ecology, evolution and behaviour of bats, Symposia of Zoological Society of London, No. 67. Oxford University Press, London, England, 446 pp.
45. Ratcliffe F.N. ( 1931) "The flying fox ( Pteropus) in Australia". Bulletin of CSIRO, Vol 53, 1- 80.
46. Roberts T.J. ( 1997) Mammals of Pakistan. Revised Ed. Oxford Univ. Press, Karachi.
47. Tidemann C.R. , Kelson S.L. , Jamieson G. ( 1997) "Flying-fox damage to orchard fruit in Australia – incidence, extent and economic impact". Australian Biologist, Vol 10, 179- 186.
48. Towers P.A. , Martin L. ( 1985) "Some aspects of female reproduction in the grey-headed flying fox P. poliocephalus(Megachiroptera: Pteropodidae)". Aust. Mammal., Vol 8, 257- 263.
49. Vardon M.J. , Tidemann C.A. ( 1998) "Reproduction, growth and maturity in the black flying-fox, Pteropus alceto(Meagchiroptera: Pteropodidae)". Aust. J. Zool., Vol 46, 329- 344. [Crossref]
50. Welbergen J.A. ( 2010) "Growth, bimaturation, and sexual size dimorphism in wild gray-headed flying foxes ( Pteropus poliocephalus)". Journal of Mammalogy, Vol 91( 1), 38- 47. [Crossref]
51. Welbergen J.A. ( 2011) "Fit females and fat polygynus males: seasonal body mass changes in the grey-headed flying fox". Oecologia, Vol 165, 629- 637. [Crossref]
52. Wiles G.J. ( 1987) "Current research and future management of Marianas fruit bats (Chiroptera:Pteropodidae) on Guam". Aust. Mammal., Vol 10, 93- 95.
53. Wimsatt W.A. ( 1979) "Reproductive asymmetry and unilateral pregnancy in Chiroptera". Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, Vol 56, 345- 357. [Crossref]
54. Wong C.H. , Tay T.W. , Marina M.T. , Zubaid A. , Kamis A.B. ( 2002) "Reproductive biology of male Cynopterus brachyotisin a fragmented forest and an agriculture habitat in Peinsuala Malaysia". Malaysian Applied Biology, Vol 31, 5- 61.
55. Xiaoping Z. , Haiyan L. , Qizhi O. , Zhong C. ( 2007) "Wild fulvous fruit bats ( Rousettus leschenaultii) exhibit human-like menstrual cycle". Biology of Reproduction, Vol 77, 358- 364. [Crossref]
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002450
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002450
2014-11-13
2018-09-23

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Animal Biology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation