Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Problem behaviour of black bears ( Ursus americanus) in central Ontario: the effects of hunting and natural food availability

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Animal Biology
For more content, see Archives Néerlandaises de Zoologie (Vol 1-17) and Netherlands Journal of Zoology (Vol 18-52).

Problem bear behaviour in residential areas often results in human anxiety and potential injury, bear mortality and demographic instability. Identifying and understanding factors related to problem bear activity and encounters is important for developing successful management strategies. Indices of natural bear forage availability and hunting pressure were related to problem bear activity in central Ontario. Data were collected 5 years before and 5 years after the cancellation of a spring bear hunt, providing a unique opportunity to study the effect of management policy on problem behaviour. Problem bear activity indices increased significantly following the closure of the spring hunt. Natural food availability from the previous year was found to be highly correlated with early season problem bear activity indices; however, natural food availability during the same year was not significantly related to early or late season problem activity rates. This demonstrates that multiple potential causal agents of problem bear behaviour need to be considered when developing management strategies.

Affiliations: 1: 1Applied Research, Cambrian College of Applied Arts and Technology, 1400 Barrydowne Road, Sudbury, Ontario P3A 3V8, Canada; 2: 2Department of Biology, Laurentian University, 935 Ramsey Lake Road, Greater Sudbury, Ontario P3E 2C6, Canada

10.1163/15707563-00002467
/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002467
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002467
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. ( 2006) Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000. Environ. Can. ( )
2. Banfield A.W.F. ( 1974) The Mammals of Canada. University of Toronto Press.
3. Boileau F. , Crete M. , Huot J. ( 1994) "Food habits of the black bear, Ursus americanus, and habitat use in Gaspesie Park, eastern Quebec". Can. Field-Nat., Vol 108, 162- 169.
4. Brown D.L. ( 2007) Problem black bear(Ursus americanus) dynamics in Central Ontario in relation to the cancellation of the Spring Bear Hunt (1999). M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Biology, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario.
5. Craighead L. , Paetkau D. , Reynolds H.V. , Vyse E.R. , StroBeck C. ( 1995) "Microsatellite analysis of paternity and reproduction in Arctic grizzly bears". J. Hered., Vol 86, 255- 261.
6. DeBruyn T.D. ( 1999) Walking with Bears. The Lyons Press.
7. Garner N.P. , Vaughan M.R. ( 1989) "Black bear – human interactions in Shenandoah National Park, Virginia". In: Bromley M. (Ed.) Bear-People Conflicts: Proceedings of a Symposium on Management Strategies, pp.  155- 161. Northwest Territories, Dept. of Renewable Resources, Yellowknife, NWT.
8. Garshelis D.L. ( 1989) "Nuisance bear activity and management in Minnesota". In: Bromley M. (Ed.) Bear-People Conflicts: Proceedings of a Symposium on Management Strategies, pp.  160- 180. Northwest Territories, Dept. of Renewable Resources, Yellowknife, NWT.
9. Garshelis D.L. , Pelton M.R. ( 1981) "Movements of black bears in the Great Smokey Mountains National Park". J. Wildl. Manage., Vol 45, 912- 925. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3808099
10. Gunther K.A. , Haroldson M.A. , Frey K. , Cain S.L. , Copeland J. , Schwartz C.C. ( 2004) "Grizzly bear-human conflicts in the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem, 1992-2000". Ursus, Vol 15, 10- 22. http://dx.doi.org/10.2192/1537-6176(2004)015<0010:GBCITG>2.0.CO;2
11. Herrero S. ( 1985) Bear Attacks – Their Causes and Avoidance. New Century Publishers, Inc., Piscataway, New Jersey.
12. Howe E.J. , Obbard M.E. , Smith H. ( 2003) Literature review of factors affecting nuisance bear activity. In: Nuisance Bear Review Committee: report and recommendations. Appendix 9, unpubl. rep. Ont. Min. Nat. Res. 38 pp.
13. Howe E.J. , Obbard M.E. , Black R. , Wall L.L. ( 2010) "Do public complaints reflect trends in human–bear conflict?" Ursus, Vol 21, 13- 142. http://dx.doi.org/10.2192/09GR013.1
14. Howe E.J. , Obbard M.E. ( 2014) Ontario Wildlife Food Survey, 2013. Wildlife Research Series 2014-01. Science and Research Branch, Ministry of Natural Resources, Peterborough, Ontario, 78 pp.
15. Jonkel C.J. , Cowan I.M.T. ( 1971) "The black bear in the spruce-fir forest". Wildl. Monogr., Vol 27, 1- 57.
16. Landriault L.J. ( 1998) Nuisance black bear(Ursus americanus) behaviour in Central Ontario. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, Dept. of Biology, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, 95 pp.
17. Landriault L.J. , Obbard M.E. , Rettie W.J. ( 2000) Nuisance black bears and what to do with them. OMNR, Northeast Science and Technology. TN-042, 20 pp.
18. Landriault L.J. , Brown G.S. , Hamr J. , Mallory F.F. ( 2009) "Age, sex and relocation as predictors of return for relocated nuisance black bears Ursus americanusin Ontario, Canada". Wildl. Biol., Vol 15, 155- 164. http://dx.doi.org/10.2981/07-084
19. Lompart C. ( 1996) Black bear in Ontario: status and management. Fed. Ont. Nat. 62 pp.
20. McLaren M. ( 1999) Report on 1997 Bear Population Index Network with a population estimate based on 1994-1997 results. Ont. Min. of Nat. Res., South-central Sciences Section, Technical Report #110.
21. McLaughlin C.R. , Matula G.R. , O’Connor R.J. Jr. ( 1994) "Synchronous reproduction by Maine black bears". Int. Conf. Bear Res. and Manage., Vol 9, 471- 479.
22. Obbard M.E. ( 2003) Black bear ecology. In: Nuisance Bear Review Committee: report and recommendations. Appendix 5, unpubl. rep. Ont. Min. Nat. Res. 38 pp.
23. Obbard M.E. , Pond B.A. , Howe E.J. ( 2003) Analysis of relationships among black bear nuisance activity, food availability, and harvest in Ontario. In: Nuisance Bear Review Committee: report and recommendations. Appendix 5, unpubl. rep. Ont. Min. Nat. Res. 38 pp.
24. Obbard M.E. , Howe E.J. , Wall L.L. , Allison B. , Black R. , Davis P. , Dix-Gibson L. , Gatt M. , Hall M.N. ( 2014) "Relationships among food availability, harvest, and human–bear conflict at landscape scales in Ontario, Canada". Ursus, Vol 25, 98- 110. http://dx.doi.org/10.2192/URSUS-D-13-00018.1
25. OMNR( 2013). Ontario proposing a black bear management pilot in north: government committed to sustainable bear management, public safety, news release. http://news.ontario.ca/mnr/en/2013/11/ontario-proposing-a-black-bear-management-pilot-in-north.html.
26. Pelton M.R. ( 2000) "Black bear". In: Demarais S. , Krausman P.R. (Eds.) Ecology and Management of Large Mammals in North America, pp.  389- 408. Prentice Hall, Inc., New Jersey, USA.
27. Poulin R. , Knight J. , Obbard M.E. , Winterspoon G. ( 2003) Nuisance Bear Review Committee: report and recommendations. Unpubl. rep. Ont. Min. Nat. Res. 38 pp.
28. Rogers L.L. ( 1976) "Effects of mast and berry crop failures on survival, growth and reproduction success of black bears". Trans. N. Am. Wildl. Conf., Vol 41, 431- 438.
29. Rogers L.L. ( 1987) "Effects of food supply and kinship on social behaviour, movements, and population growth of black bears in northeastern Minnesota". Wildl. Monogr., Vol 97, 1- 72.
30. Romain D.A. ( 1996) Black bear(Ursus americanus) food habits and nutrition of reproductive females in northern Ontario. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, 170 pp.
31. Romain D.A. , Obbard M.E. , Atkinson J.L. ( 2013) "Temporal variation in food habits of the American black bear ( Ursus americanus) in the boreal forest of northern Ontario". Can. Field Nat., Vol 127, 118- 130.
32. Rowe J.S. ( 1972) Forest regions of Canada. Publ. No. 1300, Can. For. Serv., Ottawa. 172 pp.
33. Shull S.D. ( 1994) Management of nuisance black bears(Ursus americanus) in the interior highland of Arkansas. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Arkansas, 101 pp.
34. Statistics Canada( 2011) Statistics Canada Census Profile. http://www12.statcan.gc.ca.
35. Usui M. , Kevan P.G. , Obbard M.E. ( 2005) "Pollination and breeding system of lowbush blueberries ( Vaccinium angustifoliumAit. and V. myrtilloidesMichx. (Ericacaeae)) in the boreal forest". Can. Field-Nat., Vol 119, 48- 57.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002467
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15707563-00002467
2015-07-16
2017-12-13

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Animal Biology — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation