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Case Study

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image of International Negotiation

The European Union is probably the most complex political and institutional decision-making structure known to humankind. Nowadays, scholars increasingly agree that no single theory can explain all the mechanisms at work in the system of EU governance and decision-making at all levels in any satisfactory way. Even for trained experts and specialists, the complexity of the EU machinery is extremely difficult to grasp. The extensive academic debate in this area is an indicator for both the sophistication of the scholarly discussion and the uncertainty of those who are trying to understand and explain the European integration project. For students who are just learning about the field, trying to untangle that complexity is even more challenging. The difficult task for teachers and instructors is finding ways to introduce students to the institutional framework and the related legislative processes of EU decision-making, and thereby help to facilitate their understanding of the nature of the Union. The purpose of this study is to suggest an alternative teaching method. The simulation “EU Chocolate Directive,” can provide participants with the tools necessary to negotiate more effectively at the EU level.

Affiliations: 1: NEGOCIA Business School (CCIP) 8, avenue de la Porte de Champerret 75838 Paris cedex 17 France, Email:; 2: 16, av de Flandre, esc B F-75019 Paris France, Email:


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