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Full Access Who Needs Effective Doha Negotiations, and Why?

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Who Needs Effective Doha Negotiations, and Why?

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Abstract The growth and resilience of world trade indicate that the original aim of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has been largely fulfilled. This success makes the economic interest of parties in the Doha Development Round (DDR) less clear. This article analyzes how countries express their interests in the Doha round, based on their reactions to the breakdown in Geneva in July 2008. A qualitative analysis of these reactions reveals that the interests of the actors differ considerably. Only a minority of the member countries express an interest in negotiations congruent with the Ricardian logic of the original mandate of GATT and the WTO. The interests of other parties seem to be furthered by stalling negotiations. An increasingly important dimension of the DDR is the negotiation and institutionalization of norms, but this dimension hitherto has not been overtly handled. Unless they are productively dealt with, this difference in actors’ interests, and the opaque negotiation of norms, will decrease the effectiveness of the Doha negotiations.

Affiliations: 1: School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg P.O Box 700, SE 405 30 Göteborg Sweden erik.andersson@globalstudies.gu.se

10.1163/157180612X630983
/content/journals/10.1163/157180612x630983
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Abstract The growth and resilience of world trade indicate that the original aim of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has been largely fulfilled. This success makes the economic interest of parties in the Doha Development Round (DDR) less clear. This article analyzes how countries express their interests in the Doha round, based on their reactions to the breakdown in Geneva in July 2008. A qualitative analysis of these reactions reveals that the interests of the actors differ considerably. Only a minority of the member countries express an interest in negotiations congruent with the Ricardian logic of the original mandate of GATT and the WTO. The interests of other parties seem to be furthered by stalling negotiations. An increasingly important dimension of the DDR is the negotiation and institutionalization of norms, but this dimension hitherto has not been overtly handled. Unless they are productively dealt with, this difference in actors’ interests, and the opaque negotiation of norms, will decrease the effectiveness of the Doha negotiations.

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2012-01-01
2016-12-08

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