Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Roadblock of Contested Recognition: Identity-Based Justice Claims as an Obstacle to Peace Negotiations in Afghanistan

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of International Negotiation

Resistance to negotiation and the continuation of violence dictate the course of events in the Afghanistan conflict. However, several studies have thoroughly explored the interests of the main parties to the conflict and a settlement that respects their key demands is possible. The current military situation resembles a “hurting stalemate,” which according to rationalist assumptions should compel the parties to move toward negotiations. This article argues that the main obstacle to negotiation is an underlying and unaddressed conflict of recognition between the United States, the Afghan government, and the Taliban. While each party believes it is driven by justice claims, they perceive their opponents to be driven by a hostile strategy informed by incompatible interests. Relying on the Cultural Theory of International Relations, this article explores the parties’ motives in the conflict, focusing on the need to strive for esteem and honor. It suggests that the reciprocal acknowledgement of legitimate identity-related justice claims could remove a key obstacle to formal negotiation.

Affiliations: 1: Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF)Hessische Stiftung Friedens-und Konfliktforschung (HSFK)Baseler Str. 27–31, 60329


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Arrow Kenneth Social Choice and Individual Values 1963 New Haven Yale University Press
2. Bazerman Max H. , Neale Margaret Young H. Peyton "“Negotiator Rationality and Negotiator Cognition: The Interactive Roles of Prescriptive and Descriptive Research,”" Negotiation Analysis 1991 Ann Arbor University of Michigan Press 109 129
3. Biddle Stephen "“War Termination in Afghanistan.”" 2013 After the Withdrawal: The Way Forward in Afghanistan and Pakistan 29 October Prepared statement before the Committee on Foreign Affairs; Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa & Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific, United States House of Representatives, 1st Session, 113th Congress. Hearing on
4. Brahimi Lakhdar , Pickering Thomas Afghanistan. Negotiating Peace. The Report of The Century Foundation International Task Force on Afghanistan in Its Regional and Multilateral Dimensions 2011 New York The Century Foundation Press
5. Brams Steven J. Negotiation Games 1990 New York Routledge
6. Brams Steven J. Theory of Moves 1994 Cambridge, UK Cambridge University Press
7. Bruton Bronwyn "“On the Quicksands of Somalia: Where Doing Less Helps More.”" Foreign Affairs 2009 Vol 88 6 79 94
8. Cordesman Anthony H. "“Coalition, ANSF, and Civilian Casualties in the Afghan Conflict from 2001 through August 2012.”" 2012a Washington, DC Center for Strategic and International Studies
9. Cordesman Anthony H. "“The U.S. Cost of the Afghan War: FY2002–FY2013. Cost in Military Operating Expenditures and Aid and Prospects for ‘Transition.’”" 2012b Washington, DC Center for Strategic and International Studies
10. Dahl Hanne Marlene , Stoltz Pauline , Willig Rasmus "“Recognition, Redistribution and Representation in Capitalist Global Society: An Interview with Nancy Fraser.”" Acta Sociologica 2004 Vol 47 4 374 382
11. Eide Kai Power Struggle over Afghanistan 2012 New York Skyhorse Publishing
12. Fraser Nancy "“Rethinking Recognition.”" New Left Review 2000 May/June 3 107 120
13. Fraser Nancy Scales of Justice. Reimagining Political Space in a Globalizing World 2009 New York Columbia University Press
14. Hersh Joshua "“Atta Muhammad Noor, Afghan Governor, Criticizes U.S. Exit Plan.”" The World Post 2012 April 30
15. Honneth Axel The Struggle for Recognition. The Moral Grammar of Social Conflicts 1995 Cambridge, MA The MIT Press
16. Honneth Axel Fraser Nancy , Honneth. Axel "“Redistribution or Recognition: A Response to Nancy Fraser,”" Redistribution or Recognition? A Political-Philosophical Exchange 2003 London Verso
17. Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan “We do not recognize any president in the presence of the Islamic Emirate: Zabihullah Mujahid”, interview with the ‘Afghan Islamic News Agency’ 13 April Afghan Taliban published on the official website of the
18. Johnson Chris , Leslie Jolyon Afghanistan: The Mirage of Peace 2004 New York Zed Books
19. Lebow Richard Ned A cultural theory of international relations 2008 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
20. Lebow Richard Ned Why Nations Fight 2010 Cambridge, UK Cambridge University Press
21. Morgenthau Hans Joachim Politics among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace 1955 New York Knopf
22. Müller Harald Hellmann Gunther "“Justice and Peace: Good things do not always go together,”" Justice and Peace. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on a Contested Relationship 2013 Frankfurt am Main Campus 43 68
23. Olson Mancur The Logic of Collective Action 1965 New York Schocken
24. Omar Mullah Mohammad "“Message of Felicitation of Amir-ul-Momineen on the Occasion of ‘Eid ul-Fitr.”" ‘Eid ul-Fitr Message from Taliban Leader Mullah Omar 2009 Online available on the website of the Middle East Media Research Instititute (MEMRI) at , September 20
25. Ruggie John Gerard Constructing the World Polity: Essays on International Institutionalization 1998 London Routledge
26. Sen Amartya Collective Choice and Social Welfare 1970 San Francisco Holden-Day
27. Waldman Matt "“Dangerous Liaisons with the Afghan Taliban. The Feasibility and Risks of Negotiations.”" USIP Special Report 256 2010 September Washington, DC United States Institute of Peace
28. Weber Max The Methodology of the Social Sciences 1949 New York Free Press
29. Welch David Justice and the genesis of war 1993 Cambridge, MA Harvard University Press
30. Welsh Nancy A. "“Perceptions of Fairness in Negotiation.”" Marquette Law Review 2004 Vol 87 753 767
31. Wendt Alexander "“Anarchy is what States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics.”" International Organization 1992 Vol 46 2 391 425
32. White House “Remarks by the President in Address to the Nation on the Way Forward in Afghanistan and Pakistan.” December 1 Eisenhower Hall Theatre, United States Military Academy at West Point, West Point, New York
33. Wright Quincy "“The Escalation of International Conflicts.”" Journal of Conflict Resolution 1965 Vol IX 4 434 449
34. Zartman I. William "“The Timing of Peace Initiatives: Hurting Stalemates and Ripe Moments.”" The Global Review of Ethnopolitics 2001 Vol 1 1 8 18

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    International Negotiation — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation