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Canada’s Multiple Voices Diplomacy in Climate Change Negotiations: A Focus on Québec

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image of International Negotiation

This article sheds light on the complexity of international climate change negotiations in a federal country, like Canada, where there is no clear attribution of full power over international negotiation concerning this issue. Climate change is a multi-level and multi-stakeholder issue, one that can only be tackled successfully if all actors, at all levels of government, are involved in the process. In recent years, Canadian provinces, especially Québec, have become intensely involved in climate change paradiplomacy. That situation has led to a Canadian paradox where the Government of Québec worked to respect the Kyoto Protocol and act accordingly, while Canada opted out of the Protocol in 2011.

Affiliations: 1: Université de SherbrookeGroupe d’études sur les relations internationales du Québec (GéRIQ), École nationale d’administration publique4750, Henri-Julien, Montréal, Québec H2T; 2: École nationale d’administration publiqueCanada Research Chair in International and Comparative Political Economy5218 rue Garnier, Montreal, Québec H2J; 3: Université de Sherbrooke2500 boul. de l’Université, Sherbrooke, Québec J1K 2R1Canada


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