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Federalism, Paradiplomacy and Foreign Policy: A Case of Mutual Neglect

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image of International Negotiation

Paradiplomacy, federalism and international negotiation are increasingly prevalent phenomena that require more theoretical attention. Successful mobilization of non-central governments has increased their relevance on the international stage. The rise of paradiplomacy complicates conditions for both international negotiation and the formulation of foreign policy in federal regimes. Westphalian state diplomacy is finding it increasingly difficult to cope with the proliferation of ad hoc and informal arrangements that bind non-central governments. The international arena is inhabited by an ever larger number of players that sometimes have significant autonomy from the central state.

Affiliations: 1: CERI – Sciences Po 56 rue Jacob, 75006 ParisFrance ; 2: École nationale d’administration publique 4750, avenue Henri-Julien, 5e étage, Montréal, QuébecCanada H2T 3E5

1 Christian Lequesne is professor and former director of the Centre de Recherches Internationales (CERI) at Sciences Po, Paris, from 2009 to 2013. He has published several books, including Ethnographie du Quai d’Orsay. Les pratiques des diplomates français (2017) and The Member States of the European Union (with S. Bulmer, 2013).

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