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What Can South-South Development Cooperation Do for International Peace? Brazil’s Role in Haiti and Guinea-Bissau

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Until it began waning due to economic crisis and political turmoil on the domestic front, in Brazil’s rapidly expanding South-South development, cooperation often has been promoted by government officials as contributing to stability and prosperity in partner states. It is unclear, however, how this development cooperation intersects with the country’s involvement in UN peace operations. This article examines the role of Brazilian South-South technical cooperation across two contexts. In Haiti, Brazil has led the military component of the MINUSTAH, whereas in Guinea-Bissau, it has helped to spearhead peacebuilding efforts by the international community. In both cases, Brazil has tried to substantiate its critique of the UN’s securitization by providing technical cooperation across a variety of sectors. The analysis shows that this cooperation is too fragmented, subject to interruptions, and disconnected from UN-led efforts to make a considerable contribution to a sustainable peace. However, better internal coordination and stronger ties to UN initiatives could boost the contribution of Brazil’s Brazilian South-South development cooperation to a lasting peace.

Affiliations: 1: Centro de Pesquisa e Documentação de História Contemporânea do Brasil (CPDOC) Fundação Getúlio Vargas, Praia de Botafogo 190, Rio de Janeiro rj cep 22250-145Brazil

1 Adriana Erthal Abdenur is Senior Post-Doctoral Researcher at Fundação Getúlio Vargas, in Rio de Janeiro, through a grant from the Brazilian National Research Council (CNPq). She is also a Fellow in the Peacebuilding Division of Instituto Igarapé, also in Rio de Janeiro.

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