Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Colleagues or Combatants? Experts as Environmental Diplomats

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of International Negotiation

Professionals with advanced training in natural, physical, social and applied sciences or ``experts'' are important actors in international environmental negotiation. Experts participate in environmental negotiation by identifying problems, building and testing theories, communicating science knowledge and advising. They are generally less prominent in formal bargaining. This paper considers whether environmental negotiation is facilitated when experts participate in the formulation and detailing of agreements. Case material explores the regime of the Baltic Sea where civil servants with advanced training in science and engineering are direct participants in the regime's annual cycle of negotiations. The inquiry begins in 1983 and ends in 1995. During this period, expert-diplomats failed to reach consensus on politically-binding recommendations bearing on the region's most pollution-prone industry, the pulp and paper industry. Conditions for consensual decision-making were present: member states' expert-diplomats were individuals with similar technical training, professional values, and responsibilities. Yet conflict prevailed over consensus, driven by experts' narrowly defined research agendas and their allegiances to particular problem-solving technologies. These differences were magnified by the negotiators' pride in national scientific and technological institutions and capabilities.

Affiliations: 1: School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    International Negotiation — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation