Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Security Sector Reform and the future of the Code of Conduct

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Helsinki Monitor
For more content, see Security and Human Rights.

In 1994, the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (CSCE) completed negotiations on the world’s first — and to this day, only — inter-governmentally agreed, and politically binding set of norms for civil-military relations, the Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security (CoC). Entering into force in January the following year, the Code was the most significant norm-setting exercise that the organisation had undertaken since elaborating the Helsinki Final Act (HFA) some two decades earlier. In addition to reaffirming the Helsinki Decalogue, it formulated a series of new standards for inter-state and intra-state behaviour. As a result, the Code would go on to play a key role in shaping the post-Cold War reform agenda in the Euro-Atlantic area.

This article looks at the Code's legacy and its future, and makes a number of observations about its relationship with security sector reform (SSR). The Code and SSR, while different in terms of status, content and objectives, have several common and complementary elements. Indeed, the main argument of this article is that SSR could be used to develop an updated version of the Code. In particular, the author suggests that SSR can be a vehicle for reconceptualising and modernising the Code, and rendering it more pertinent to the security concerns of OSCE member states and their populations — and beyond, to communities in non-OSCE countries and regions.

In the second section, the author will review the accomplishments of the Code. In the following section the author describes the main attributes of SSR and how they relate to the Code. The last section will focus on how, from an SSR perspective, the Code might be expanded upon and its implementation enhanced.


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Helsinki Monitor — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation