Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Is Green Better than Blue? The Danish JHA Opt-out and the Unilateral Attempt to Attract Highly Skilled Labour

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of European Journal of Migration and Law

In 20–30 years Denmark will, just like the rest of the EU, be in need of an increasing number of highly skilled workers from outside the EU to sustain its welfare society. While the EU has adopted a common Blue Card aiming at making it possible for foreign workers to live and work in most of the EU, Denmark has, due to its opt-out in Justice and Home Affairs, chosen its own Green Card Scheme. This article looks into this choice and compares the recent Danish attempt to attract high skilled workers with the Blue Card directive. It analyses the differences and similarities between the two schemes and investigates why initiatives to attract highly skilled workers have not been successful at either the Danish nor the European level.

Affiliations: 1: Centre for European Politics, Department of Political Science & iCourts, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen Studiestræde 6, 1455 Copenhagen Denmark ; 2: Centre for European Studies in Economic Law, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen Studiestræde 6, 1455 Copenhagen Denmark


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Albertsen K.B. "Hvor er Danmarks migrationspolitiske ambitioner?" Berlingske 2012a 10 May
2. Albertsen K.B. "Europeanising labour migration policies and pursuing national objectives. Danish Institute for International Studies (diis)" Policy Briefs 2012b July 2012
3. Aliens Consolidation Act (Aliens Act) Bekendtgørelse af udlændingeloven lbk no. 1021 of 19 September 2014
4. Bay-Larsen A. "Eksperter: Frygten for udlændingespøgelset hæmmer Danmarks konkurrenceevne" Ugebrevet A4 2015
5. Broberg M.B. "Ordning for udenlandsk arbejdskraft har fejlet" Jyllands-Posten 2013 10 May
6. Bury (Kość) P. "Domestic adaptation and modalities of implementation of the Blue Card directive" 2013 Paper presented at the European Consortium for Political Research 7th General Conference 4–7 September 2013 Bordeaux, France
7. Cerna L. "The eu Blue Card: preferences, policies, and negotiations between Member States" 2 Migration Studies 2013a 73 96
8. Cerna L. "Understanding the diversity of eu migration policy in practice: the implementation of the Blue Card initiative" Policy Studies 2013b Vol 34 180 200
9. Council Directive 2009/50/ec of 25 May 2009 on the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purposes of highly qualified employment Blue Card directive O.J. 155 of 18 June 2009
10. Danish Agency for Labour Retention and International Recruitment, Styrelsen for Fastholdelse og Rekruttering Årsrapport for International Citizen Service 2011 2011 16 July 2012
11. Danish Agency for Labour Retention and International Recruitment, Styrelsen for Fastholdelse og Rekruttering "Nyhed om de foreløbige tal for erhvervs- og studieområdet 2012" 2012
12. Danish Chamber of Commerce, Dansk Erhverv "Dansk Erhvervs uddannelsespolitiske vision. 25 procent af en ungdomsårgang skal have en universitetsuddannelse i 2025" 2009 Fremtidsscenarier for efterspørgslen efter højtuddannet arbejdskraft i Danmark, 31 July 2009 available online at
13. djøf "Djøfernes arbejdsmarked frem mod 2030" Udbud af og efterspørgsel efter samfundsvidenskabelig og erhvervsøkonomisk arbejdskraft 2010 23. November 2010, available online at
14. Eisele K. "Why come here if I can go there? Assessing the ‘Attractiveness’ of the eu’s Blue Card Directive for ‘Highly Qualified’ Immigrants" neujobs 2013 Working Paper No. D18.2/September 2013, Centre for European Policy StudiesEuropean Commission (2015) 13 May 2015 Brussels Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, A European Agenda on Migration, com (2015) 240 final
15. European Commission "Communication from the Commission, Policy Plan on Legal Migration, com " 2005 Brussels Commission of the European Communities (2005) 669 final, 21 December 2005
16. European Commission "Commission Communication" The demographic future of Europe – from challenge to opportunity, com 2006 Brussels 12 October 2006 (2006) 571 final
17. European Commission "Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on the implementation of Directive 2009/50/ec on the conditions of entry and residence of third-country nationals for the purpose of highly qualified employment" com 2014 Brussels 22 May 2014 (2014) 287 final
18. European Commission, Directorate-General for Economic Financial Affairs The 2012 Ageing Report: Economic and budgetary projections for the 27 eu Member States (2010–2060), Joint Report prepared by the European Commission (dg ecfin) and the Economic Policy Committee (awg), European Economy 2012 2/2012
19. Fargues P. "International Migration and Europe’s Demographic Challenge, eu–us Immigration Systems 2011/09" 2011 San Domenico di Fiesole European University Institute Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies
20. Fargues P. , McCormick A. "Ageing of skills and complementary immigration in the eu, 2010–2025, eui Working Paper rscas 2013/81" 2013 San Domenico di Fiesole European University Institute, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, Migration Policy Centre
21. Government Regeringen "På vej mod en ny integrationspolitik" 2002 5 March 2002, available online at
22. Government Regeringen "Fremtidens velstand og velfærd" Velfærdsreformer og investeringer i fremtiden 2006 April 2006, available online at
23. Government Regeringen "Regeringens plan for international rekruttering" Danmark – et godt sted at arbejde 2007 Oktober 2007, available online at
24. Government Regeringen "Regeringsgrundlaget" Et Danmark der står sammen 2011 Oktober 2011, available online at
25. Government Regeringen "Danmark i arbejde – Udfordringer for dansk økonomi mod 2020" 2012 Maj 2012, available online at
26. Government Regeringen "Regeringsgrundlaget" Sammen for fremtiden 2015 Juni 2015, available online at
27. Gümüs Y.K. " eu Blue Card Scheme: The Right Step in the Right Direction?" European Journal of Migration and Law 2010 Vol 12 435 453
28. Hansen S.G. "Stort mis-match mellem udbud og efterspørgsel på universitetsuddannede" Dansk Industri Indsigt 2013 Juni 2013, available online at
29. Kalantaryan S. , Martin I. "Reforming the eu Blue Card as a Labour Migration Tool?" Policy Brief 2015 May 2015 (2015/8)
30. Larsen J.B. "Røde partier vil justere greencard-ordning" Berlingske Nyhedsbureau 2013 May 11
31. Martin I. , Venturini A. "A Comprehensive Labour Market Approach to eu Labour Migration Policy" Migration Policy Centre eui, Policy Brief 2015 May 2015 (2015/7)
32. Ministry of Finance, Finansministeriet Aftale om en jobplan 2008 28. februar 2008, available online at .
33. Ministry of Justice "The Danish Immigration Service and The Danish Agency for Labour Market and Recruitment" Justitsministeriet, Udlændingestyrelsen and Styrelsen for Fastholdelse og Rekruttering Tal og fakta på udlændingeområdet 2012 2013 available online at
34. Peers S. "Legislative Update: ec Immigration and Asylum Law Attracting and Deterring Labour Migration: The Blue Card and Employer Sanctions Directive" European Journal of Migration and Law 2009 Vol 11 387 426
35. Peers S. eu Justice and Home Affairs 2011 Oxford Oxford University Press
36. Rambøll "Integrationsministeriet undersøgelse af greencardordningen" 2010 Oktober 2010
37. Rambøll "Analyse til Styrelsen for Fastholdelse og Rekruttering" Arbejdsindvandring i Danmark 2012 Juni 2012, available online at
38. Seidelin C.A. "Højtuddannede udlændinge øger produktiviteten og væksten i Danmark" Confederation of Danish Industry 2011 available online at .
39. Starup P. Grundlæggende udlændingeret i 2012 Copenhagen Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag
40. Stubager S. , Flink M. "Kloge udlændinge dumper Danmark" Jyllands-Posten 2013 November 2
41. The Danish Immigration Service "Tal og fakta på udlændingeområdet 2013" Forår 2014 2014
42. The Danish Society of Engineers, ida "Prognose for mangel på ingeniører og scient’er" Fremskrivning af udbud og efterspørgsel efter ingeniører og scient’er frem mod 2020 2011 August 2011, available online at .
43. The National Labour Market Authority Arbejdsmarkedsstyrelsen 2011 Rapport om rekruttering af arbejdskraft fra tredjelande Juli 2011
44. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, oecd "Economic Survey of the European Union 2012" 2012
45. Van Parijs P. Linguistic Justice for Europe and for the World 2011 Oxford Oxford University Press
46. Weisbrock A. , Hercog M. "The Legal framework for highly-skilled migration to the eu: eu and US labour migration policies compared" 2010 Maastricht Maastricht Graduate School of Governance Working Paper MGSoG/2010/001

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    European Journal of Migration and Law — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation