Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Socio-Cultural Impacts on Drug Trafficking Trends in Europe

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

A myriad of national and international publications have detailed global patterns of drug trafficking for decades, with recent reports identifying Europe as a global consumption “hotspot” for the majority of popular drugs in the world. Yet, despite increasing levels of drug trafficking worldwide, scholars have not routinely examined this crime-type through the lens of a socio-cultural criminological theory. As such, this empirical study employed guidance from Institutional Anomie Theory. Data were collected from fourteen countries in Europe from 1995 to 2009 and analyzed using pooled cross-sectional multivariate time series. Trafficking patterns in cannabis, heroin, cocaine, and amphetamines were operationalized using officially reported drug seizure amounts. The findings from this study emphasize the need for differentiation between drug-types in future research, but also illustrate support for use of the theoretically informed variables.

Affiliations: 1: The Department of Criminal Justice, The University of Alabama, Box 870320, Tuscaloosa, AL, 35487-0320, USA,


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Aas K.F., Globalization & Crime: Key Approaches to Criminology (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2007).
2. Adler P., "The “post” phase of deviant careers: reintegrating drug traffickers". 13 Deviant Behavior (1992) 103126.
3. Allum F., and Sands J., "Explaining organized crime in Europe: Are economists always right?", 41 Crime, Law & Social Change (2004) 133160.
4. Arsovska J., and Kostakos P.A., "Illicit arms trafficking and the limits of rational choice theory: the case of the Balkans". 11 Trends in Organized Crime (2008) 352378.
5. Beach W.W,. and G.P. O’Driscoll, Jr., "Explaining the factors of the Index of Economic Freedom", in G.P. O’Driscoll, Jr., Holmes K.P. and M.A. O’Grady (eds), Index of Economic Freedom, (Washington, DC: Heritage Foundation and Wall Street Journal, 2003).
6. Becker G., "Crime and punishment: an economic approach", 76 Journal of Political Economy (1968) 169217.
7. Bjerregaard B., and Cochran J., "Want amid plenty: Developing and testing a cross-national measure of anomie". 2 International Journal of Conflict and Violence (2008a) 182193.
8. Bjerregaard B., and Cochran J., "A cross-national test of institutional anomie theory: Do the strength of other social institutions mediate or moderate the effects of the economy on the rate of crime?", 9 Western Criminology Review (2008b) 3148.
9. Bouchard M., and Tremblay P., "Risks of arrest across drug markets: A capture-recapture analysis of “hidden” dealer and user populations", 35 Journal of Drug Issues (2005) 733754.
10. Chamlin M.B., and Cochran J.K., "Assessing Messner and Rosenfeld’s institutional anomie theory: A partial test", 33 Criminology (1995) 411429.
11. Council of Europe, European Committee on Crime Problems: Report on the organized crime situation in Council of Europe member states – 1999, Strasbourg, December 2000. pc-S-co (2000) 17.
12. Council of Europe, Organized crime situation report 2005: Focus on the threat of economic crime (Strasbourg: Council of Europe, 2005).
13. Cullen J.B.,, Parboteeah K.P., and Hoegl M., "Cross-national differences in managers’ willingness to justify ethically suspect behaviors: A test of institutional anomie theory", 47 Academy of Management Journal (2004) 411421.
14. Dolliver D.S., "Cultural and institutional adaptations and change in Europe: A test of institutional anomie theory using time series modeling of homicide data", 55 British Journal of Criminology (2015) 747768.
15. Drug Enforcement Administration (dea), dea intelligence production unit cooking up a storm: Amphetamine production and trafficking in Poland. Drug Intelligence Brief (Washington, DC: DEA, 2004).
16. Drug Enforcement Administration (dea), dea Fact Sheet, available online at (Washington, DC: DEA, 2012).
17. europol, Europol organized crime threat assessment 2011, available online at: (The Hague: Europol, 2011).
18. Federal Bureau of Investigation (fbi), Organized crime, available online at: (Washington, DC: FBI, 2012).
19. Gambetta D., and Reuter P.,, "Conspiracy among the many: the mafia in legitimate industries", in Fiorentini G., and Peltzman S. (eds), The Economics of Organized Crime (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), pp. 116136.
20. Heritage Foundation, About the Heritage Foundation, available online at . (Washington, DC: Heritage Foundation, 2012)
21. Hobbs D.,, "Professional and organized crime in Britain", in Maguire M.,, Morgan R., and Reiner R. (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Criminology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994), pp. 441468.
22. Krajewski K., "Drugs, markets and criminal justice in Poland, 40 Crime",Law & Social Change (2003) 273293.
23. Krawczyk W,, Kidawa M., and Strzelecka A., Problem amphetamine use, related consequences and responses, National Report to the emcdda by the Reitox National Focal Point, Warsaw (Warsaw: Centrum informacji o narkotykach l narkomanii, 2009).
24. Maume M.O., and Lee M.R., "Social institutions and violence: a sub-national test of institutional anomie theory", 41 Criminology (2003) 11371172.
25. Merton R.K., "Social structure and anomie", 5 American Sociological Review (1938) 672682.
26. Messner S., and Rosenfeld R., Crime and the American Dream, 1st edn (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1994).
27. Messner S., and Rosenfeld R.,, "Institutional anomie theory: A macro-sociological explanation of crime", in Krohn M.D.,, Lizotte A.J., and Hall G.P. (eds), Handbook on Crime and Deviance (New York, NY: Springer, 2009), pp. 209224.
28. Messner S., and Rosenfeld R., Crime and the American Dream, 5th edn. (Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2012).
29. Naylor R.T., Wages of crime: Black markets, illegal finance, and the under-world economy. (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2002).
30. Organized Crime Threat Assessment (octa), European Union organized crime threat assessment 2011 (The Hague: EUROPOL, 2011).
31. Paoli L., "The paradoxes of organized crime, 37 Crime",Law & Social Change (2002) Vol 51–97.
32. Paoli L.,, "The Decline of the Italian Mafia", in Siegel D., and Nelen H. (eds), Organized Crime: Culture, Markets and Policies (New York, NY: Springer, 2008), pp. 1528.
33. Paoli L., and Fijnaut C., "Organized crime and its control policies, European 14 Journal of Crime",Criminal Law, and Criminal Justice (2006) 307327.
34. Passas N., "Global anomie, dysnomie, and economic crime: Hidden consequences of neoliberalism and globalization in Russia and around the World", 27 Social Justice (2000) 16-44.
35. Piquero A., and Leeper Piquero N., "On testing institutional anomie theory with varying specifications", 7 Studies on Crime and Crime Prevention (1998) 6184.
36. Reitox National Focal Point, Poland: New development, trends and in-depth information on selected issues. 2011 National Report (2010 data) to the emcdda (Lisbon: EMCDDA, 2011).
37. Reuter P.D., Disorganized Crime: The Economics of the Visible Hand (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1983).
38. Reuter P.D., "Epilogue: connecting drug policy and research on drug markets", 11 Crime Prevention Studies (2000) 319329.
39. Reuter P., and Haaga J., The organization of high-level drug markets: An explanatory study. Prepared for the National Institute of Justice, usdoj (New York, NY: RAND Corporation Publishing, 1989).
40. Schelling T.C., "Economic Analysis and Organized Crime", in Task Force Report: Organized Crime, The President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and the Administration of Justice (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1967), pp. 114126.
41. Shover N., and Hochstetler A., "Cultural explanation and organizational crime", 37 Crime, Law & Social Change (2002) Vol 1–18.
42. Sullivan R.F., "The economics of crime: an introduction to the literature", 19 Crime & Delinquency (1973) 138149.
43. Summers D.L., and Pływaczewski E.W., "The Polish context: Examining issues of police reform, drug use and drug trafficking in a transitioning democracy". 35 Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management (2012) 231252.
44. International Transparency, Corruption Perceptions Index 2010 (Berlin: Transparency International, 2010).
45. International Transparency, Home page, available online at (Berlin: Transparency International, 2012).
46. Van Duyne P., "Organized crime, corruption, and power, 26 Crime",Law and Social Change (1997) Vol 201–238.
47. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (unodc), un convention against transnational organized crime and the protocols thereto, available online at (New York, NY: United Nations Publication, 2012).
48. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (unodc), World Drug Report 2014 (New York, NY: United Nations Publication, 2014).
49. United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organised Crime, The globalization of crime: A transnational organized crime threat assessment (Vienna: United Nations Publication, 2010).
50. World Bank, Data, available online at . (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2012)
51. World Bank, Rule of Law, available online at (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2013a).
52. World Bank, Political stability and absence of violence, available online at (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2013b).
53. Yaffe R., and McGee M., An Introduction to Time Series Analysis and Forecasting: With Applications of sas and spss (Orlando, FL: Academic Press, 2000).

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation