Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

African Children’s Right to Participate in their Own Protection

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Perspectives from South Sudan

The protection of children confronting adversity has become one of the central priorities of humanitarian interventions worldwide. The array of child-focused rights and protections established by international, regional and national frameworks provides a normative foundation guiding efforts to facilitate the (re)establishment of more secure conditions. Despite a rhetorical acknowledgement of participation as enhancing children’s provision and protection rights, much of children’s rights activism in Africa continues to emphasise a protectionist approach over an empowering one. Furthermore, actualising children’s rights constitutes a formidable challenge in fragile countries like South Sudan where difficult post-war conditions are compounded by significant discrepancies regarding the treatment of children in the various applicable legal systems. Advancing the view of children’s rights as a living practice moulded by children’s everyday realities, this paper discusses the situation of South Sudan as illustrative of the dilemmas of upholding the right of conflict-affected children in Africa to participate in their own protection.

Affiliations: 1: Center for the Study of Youth and Political Conflict, University of Tennessee, USA Email: mensor@utk.edu; 2: Department of Anthropology – Program on Disasters, Displacement and Human Rights, University of Tennessee, USA Email: areinke@utk.edu

10.1163/15718182-02201003
/content/journals/10.1163/15718182-02201003
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
6
3
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15718182-02201003
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Abebe T. ,, ‘ "Interdependent Rights and Agency: The Role of Children in Collective Livelihood Strategies in Rural Ethiopia"’. In Reconceptualizing Children’s Rights in International Development , eds. Hanson K. ,& Nieuwenhuys O. . ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013) 7192.
2. Ahearn L. , ‘ "Language and Agency"’, Annual Review of Anthropology Vol 30( 2001): 10937. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.anthro.30.1.109
3. Alderson P. , Young Children’s Rights: Exploring Beliefs, Principles and Practice . ( London, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2008).
4. Centre for International Cooperation and Security, cics , ‘ "The Impact of Armed Violence on Poverty and Development"’, Full Report of the Armed Violence and Poverty Initiative( West Yorkshire, UK: University of Bradford’s Department of Peace Studies, 2005). Available from: (2012).
5. Cheney K. ,, ‘ "Malik and his Three Mothers: AIDS Orphans’ Survival Strategies and How Children’s Rights Translations Hinder Them"’. In Reconceptualizing Children’s Rights in International Development , eds. Hanson K. ,& Nieuwenhuys O. ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013) 15272.
6. Comaroff J. ,& Comaroff J.L. ( 1999) ‘ "Occult Economies and the Violence of Abstraction: Notes from the South African Postcolony"’. American Ethnologist , Vol 26( 20), 279303.
7. Committee on the Rights of the Child, General Comment No. 12 (2009): The Right of the Child to be Heard , unCommittee on the Rights of the Child, GE.09-43699 ( Geneva: OHCHR, 2009).
8. Committee on the Rights of the Child, Consideration of Reports Submitted by States Parties Under Article 44 of the Convention; Periodic reports of States parties due in 1997 SUDAN , U.N. Committee on the Rights of the Child, 353, U.N. Doc. CRC/C/65/Add.17 ( Geneva: OHCHR, 2001). Available from: .
9. Dei G.J.S. et al., Schooling and Difference in Africa: Democratic Challenges in a Contemporary Context ( Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 2006).
10. Ennew J. ,, ‘ "Why the Convention is not about Street Children"’. In Revisiting Children’s Rights: 10 Years of the unConvention on the Rights of the Child , ed. Fottrell D. ( The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2000) 16983.
11. Ensor M.O. , ‘ "Displaced Youth’s Role in Sustainable Return"’. International Organization for Migration’s Migration Research Series . ( Geneva: IOM, 2013a) Available from: .
12. Ensor M.O. , ‘ "Participation under Fire: Dilemmas of Reintegration for Child Soldiers Involved in South Sudan’s Armed Conflict"’. Special Issue on Actualization of Children’s Participation Rights, Global Studies of Childhood Journal Vol 3( 2) ( 2013b): 15362. http://dx.doi.org/10.2304/gsch.2013.3.2.153
13. Ensor M.O. , ‘ "Child Soldiers and Youth Citizens in South Sudan’s Armed Conflict"’, Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice Vol 24( 3) ( 2012a) 27683.
14. Ensor M.O. , ed., African Childhoods: Education, Development, Peacebuilding, and the Youngest Continent ( New York and Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012b).
15. Ensor M.O. ,‘ "Child Labor"’. Encyclopedia of Immigrant Health . eds. Loue S. ,& Sajatovic M. ( New York: Springer Reference, 2011) 412415.
16. Ensor M.O. ,& Goździak E.M. ,, ‘ "Introduction: Migrant Children at the Crossroads"’. In Children and Migration: At the Crossroad of Resiliency and Vulnerability , eds. Ensor M.O. ,& Goździak E.M. ( Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2010) 115.
17. Galperin A. ,, ‘ "Child Victims of War in Africa"’. In Young Africa: Realising the Rights of Children and Youth , eds. de Waal A. ,& Argenti N. ( Trenton, New Jersey and Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, Inc., 2002) 10521.
18. Garms U. , ‘ "Promoting Human Rights in the Administration of Justice in Southern Sudan - Mandate and Accountability Dilemmas in the Field Work of a DPKO Human Rights Officer"’ ( Geneva: OHCHR, 2009). Available from: .
19. Giossi Caverzasio S. , Strengthening Protection in War: A Search for Professional Standards . ( Geneva: ICRC, 2001).
20. Government of South Sudan, GoSS, ‘ "Hope for a Better Future"’ ( Juba: GoSS, 2011) Available from: .
21. Hanson K. ,& Nieuwenhuys O. ,, ‘ "Living, Rights, Social Justice, Translations"’. In Reconceptualizing Children’s Rights in International Development , eds. Hanson K. ,& Nieuwenhuys O. ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013) 325.
22. Hart R.A. , Children’s Participation: The Theory and Practice of Involving Young Citizens in Community Development and Environmental Care ( London: unicef & Earthscan Publications, 1997).
23. Hart J. , ed., Years of Conflict: Adolescence, Political Violence and Displacement ( Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books, 2008).
24. Holmes R. ,, & Braunholtz-Speight T. , Strengthening Social Protection for Children: West and Central Africa , odi/unicefRegional Thematic Report ( unicef Regional Office for West and Central Africa, February 2009).
25. Human Rights Development Organization – South Sudan ( huridoss)‘ "Human Rights in South Sudan"’ ( Juba: huridoss, 2013). Available from: .
26. Human Rights Watch, HRW, “ " There is No Protection”: Insecurity and Human Rights in Southern Sudan "’ ( New York: hrw, 2009) Available from: .
27. Jonsson U. ,, ‘ "Preface"’. In Young Africa: Realising the Rights of Children and Youth , eds. de Waal A. ,& Argenti N. ( Trenton, New Jersey and Asmara, Eritrea: Africa World Press, Inc., 2002) viix.
28. Kuper J. ,, ‘ "Children and Armed Conflict: Some Issues of Law and Policy"’. In Revisiting Children’s Rights: 10 Years of the unConvention on the Rights of the Child , ed. Fottrell D. ( The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2000) 10115.
29. Lansdown G. ,, ‘ "The Realization of Children’s Participation Rights: Critical Reflections"’. In A Handbook of Children and Young People’s Participation , eds. Percy-Smith B. ,& Thomas N. . ( London Routledge) 1223.
30. Lansdown G. , ‘ "Youth Participation in Decision-Making"’, in World Youth Report, Advanced Version , Chapter 10, October 2003( New York: un, 2003) Available from: .
31. Leonardi C. , ‘ "Liberation’ or Capture: Youth in Between “ Hakuma”and ‘Home’ during Civil War and its Aftermath in Southern Sudan"’, African Affairs , Vol 106( 424) ( 2007) 391412. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/afraf/adm037
32. Leonardi C. et al., ‘ "Local Justice in Southern Sudan"’. Peaceworks Vol 66( 2010) 1100.
33. Ministry of Education, Science and Technology, Education Statistics for Southern Sudan 2009 , ( Juba: Government of Southern Sudan, 2009).
34. New Sudan Centre for Statistics and Evaluation in association with unicef, nscse/unicef, Towards a Baseline: Best Estimates of Social Indicators for Southern Sudan . May 2004(Juba: nscse/ unicef, 2004). Available from: .
35. O’Callaghan S. ,& Pantuliano S. , ‘ "Protective Action: Incorporating Civilian Protection into Humanitarian Response"’, Humanitarian Policy Group (Brief 29) ( London: Overseas Development Institute, 2007).
36. Olowu ‘D. , ‘ "Protecting Children’s Rights in Africa: A Critique of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child"’. The International Journal of Children’s Rights Vol 10( 2002): 12736.
37. O’Neill, T., ‘ "Young Carpet Weavers on the Rights Threshold: Protection of Practical Self-Determination"’. In Reconceptualizing Children’s Rights in International Development , eds. Hanson K. ,& Nieuwenhuys O. ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013) 93111.
38. Republic of South Sudan, The Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan , ( Juba: Government of South Sudan, 2011).
39. Reynolds P. ,, Nieuwenhuys O. ,, & Hanson K. , ‘ "Refraction of Children’s Rights in Development Practice: A View from Anthropology"’. Childhood Vol 13( 3) ( 2006): 291302. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0907568206067476
40. Santos Pais M. , ‘ "South Sudan Becomes 30th Country to Prohibit All Forms of Violence Against Children"’. Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Violence against Children ( New York: srsg, 2011). Available from: .
41. Santos Pais M. ,, ‘ "Child Participation and the Convention on the Rights of the Child"’. In The Political Participation of Children , ed. Rakesh R. ( Cambridge, MA: Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, 2000) 4.
42. Save the Children, ‘ "South Sudan: A Post-Independence Agenda for Action"’ ( London, UK: Save the Children, 2011). Available from: .
43. Save the Children, et al., ‘ "The Key to Peace: Unlocking the Human Potential of Sudan"’ ( Interagency Paper, May 2002).
44. Sewpaul V. ,& Matthias C. , ‘ "International Social Work"” Call for Submissions: Special Edition: Child Rights in Africa’ ( KwaZulu Natal, South Africa: University of KwaZulu Natal, 2011). Available from: .
45. Smith A.B. , ‘ "Children’s Rights and Early Childhood Education"’, Australian Journal of Early Childhood , Vol 32( 3) ( 2007): 18.
46. South Sudan Disarmament, Demobilisation, and Reintegration Commission, ssddrc, National ddr– Strategic Plan 2012–2020( Juba: Republic of South Sudan, 2012).
47. Southern Sudan Gazette, Child Act, 2008 (Southern Sudan) [Sudan], Acts Supplement, 1(1), (Juba: Southern Sudan Gazette, 10 February 2009). Available from: .
48. Southern Sudan Referendum Commission, ‘ "Southern Sudan Referendum 2011"’ ( Juba: ssrc, 2011) Available from: .
49. unicef, " The State of African Children 2008: Child Survival "( New York: unicef, 2008). Available from: .
50. unicef, ‘ "Children in South Sudan Factsheet"’ ( New York: unicef, 2011). Available from: .
51. Van Bueren G. , The International Law on the Rights of the Child ( Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1995).
52. Viljoen F. ,, ‘ "The African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child"’. In Introduction of Child Law in South Africa , ed. Davel C.J. ( Lansdowne: Juta, 2000).
53. Watch List on Children and Armed Conflict, wlcac, ‘ "Sudan’s Children at a Crossroads: An Urgent Need for Protection"’ ( New York: wlcac, April 2007) Available from: (accessed on 15 May 2012).
54. White B. , ‘ "Defining the Intolerable: Child Work, Global Standards and Cultural Relativism"’. Childhood Vol 6( 1) ( 1999): 13344. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0907568299006001010
55. White S. ,& Choudhury S. , ‘ "The Politics of Child Participation in International Development: The Dilemmas of Agency"’. European Journal of Development Research Vol 19( 4) ( 2007): 52950. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09578810701667508
56. Women’s Refugee Commission, wrc, ‘ "Starting from Scratch: The Challenges of Including Youth in Rebuilding Southern Sudan"’ ( New York: WRC, 2010).
57. Woodhead M. , ‘ "Combating Child Labour: Listen to What the Children Say"’. Childhood Vol 6( 1) ( 1999): 2749. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0907568299006001003
58. Bank World , World Development Report: Development and the Next Generation ( Washington DC: Word Bank, 2007).
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15718182-02201003
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15718182-02201003
2014-01-01
2016-12-10

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    The International Journal of Children's Rights — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation