Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Intersex Genital Mutilation – A Western Version of FGM

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Children around the world are subjected to genital mutilation, which constitutes a serious breach of the rights of the child. When procedures are carried out on girl children in countries such as Africa, the Middle East and the Philippines, the practice is called Female Genital Mutilation or FGM. Although the term FGM involves a vast range of rituals from extremely invasive to quite minor, it is universally decried as an abhorrent social practice for which there should be zero tolerance. Yet intersex children in the West are subjected to equivalent treatment, and their plight has been ignored or endorsed. In the last few years, the practice has begun to be seen as a form of cruel and unusual treatment, possibly constituting torture. Now referred to as Intersex Genital Mutilation or IGM, it is argued that this is a cultural practice equivalent to FGM and that advocates of children’s rights should work to prevent the abuse of intersex children.

Affiliations: 1: Independent Human Rights Scholar & Disability Advocate; Former Director Australian Human Rights Centre, University of NSW, Australia, melindajones613@gmail.com

10.1163/15718182-02502008
/content/journals/10.1163/15718182-02502008
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15718182-02502008
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Agius Silvan, Human Rights and Intersex People Issue Paper , Council of Europe, 2015, p. 20: http://doczz.net/doc/1460304/human-rights-and-intersex-people-issue-paper.
2. Berer Marge, “"Labia reduction for non-therapeutic reasons vs. female genital mutilation: contradictions in law and practice in Britain”", Reproductive health matters Vol 18.35 (2010): 106110.
3. Carpenter Morgan, “"The human rights of intersex people: addressing harmful practices and rhetoric of change”", Reproductive Health Matters Vol 24.47 (2016): 7484.
4. Costello Susie,, Quinn Marjorie,, Tatchell Allison,, Jordan Lynne,, and Neophytou Koula, “"In the best interests of the child: Preventing female genital cutting (fgc)"”, British Journal of Social Work (2013): bct187.
5. S.M. Creighton, and Liao L.M., (2004), “"Changing attitudes to sex assignment in intersex”", Vol 93 bju International , 659664.
6. Creighton Sarah, et al., “"Timing and nature of reconstructive surgery for disorders of sex development – introduction"”, Journal of pediatric urology Vol 8.6 (2012): 602610.
7. DeLaet Debra L., “"Genital Autonomy, Children’s Rights, and Competing Rights Claims in International Human Rights Law”", The International Journal of Children’s Rights Vol 20.4 (2012): 554583.
8. Ehrenreich Nancy, and Barr Mark, “"Intersex surgery, female genital cutting, and the selective condemnation of cultural Practices”", Harv. cr-cll Rev. Vol 40 (2005): 71.
9. Idowu Amos, “"Effects of forced genital cutting on human rights of women and female children: the Nigerian situation”", Law, Democracy & Development Vol 12.2 (2008): 11122.
10. International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association: H. Nolan, "United Nations Treaty Bodies: References to sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression and sex characteristics 2015" (Geneva: ilga, 2016).
11. Johnsdotter Sara, and Essén Birgitta, “"Genitals and ethnicity: the politics of genital modifications”", Reproductive health matters Vol 18.35 (2010): 2937.
12. Johnsdotter Sara,, and Essén Birgitta, “"Genitals and ethnicity: the politics of genital modifications”", Reproductive health matters Vol 18.35 (2010): 2937.
13. Kennedy Aileen (2016), “"Fixed At Birth: Medical And Legal Erasures Of Intersex Variations”", unsw Law Journal Vol 39.2, 813842.
14. Lee Peter A. et al., “"Global disorders of sex development update since 2006: perceptions, approach and care”", Hormone research in paediatrics Vol 85.3 (2016): 158180. [Crossref]
15. Melton Lisa (2001), “"New Perspectives on the Management of Intersex”", The Lancet Vol 357(9274):2110.
16. Money John, and Ehrhardt Anke A. (1972), "Man & Woman, Boy & Girl: The Differentiation and Dimorphism of Gender Identity from Conception to Maturity".
17. Schneider Erik (2013), "An insight into respect for the rights of trans and intersex children in Europe", Council of Europe.
18. Smith Courtney, “"Who Defines ‘Mutilation’? Challenging Imperialism in the Discourse of Female Genital Cutting”", Feminist Formations Vol 23.1 (2011): 2546.
19. Wade Lisa, “"The politics of acculturation: Female genital cutting and the challenge of building multicultural democracies”", Social Problems Vol 58.4 (2011): 518537.
20. Wade Lisa, “"Learning from ‘female genital mutilation’: Lessons from 30 years of academic discourse”", Ethnicities Vol 12.1 (2012): 2649.
21. World Health Organisation, Eliminating female genital mutilation: an interagency statement , Geneva, 2008.
22. World Health Organisation, Sexual health, human rights and the law , 2015.
23. World Health Organisation, Guidelines on The Management of Health Complications from Female Genital Mutilation , 2016, pp. 89.
24. Kristin Zeiler, and Wickström Anette (2009), "“Why Do ‘We’ Perform Surgery on Newborn Intersexed Children? The Phenomenology of Parental Experience of Having a Child with Intersex Anatomies”", Vol 10 Feminist Theory 359, 359–360, 365–367.
25. Zillén Kavot,, Garland Jameson, and Slokenberga Santa, “"The Rights of Children in Biomedicine: Challenges posed by scientific advances and uncertainties"”, (2016).
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15718182-02502008
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15718182-02502008
2017-08-08
2018-08-16

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    The International Journal of Children's Rights — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation