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Classification of Contractual Agreements in Comparative and Islamic Jurisdictions: Does it Make Any Sense?

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Abstract Comparative legal systems differ in the organization of the manifestation of parties’ expressions when making legal transactions where an external action does not reflect the real intention of this party. Most jurisdictions, including Islamic law, follow the objective theory of agreements while the Conterminal legal system adopts the subjective approach. Despite the fact that many scholars spent much efforts to clarify this classification, the importance of this classification may be modest; these legal systems organize some basic doctrines, with regard to the formation of a contract (namely: the revocability of offer, the need for communication of acceptance and the rules of interoperation), in a manner that may contradict with its general theory of making agreement. In other words, the organization of these doctrines has very little significant differences in result between these legal systems. Islamic law has the same result as well. This article aims at explaining these doctrines and differences.

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Law and Public Administration, Birzeit University Palestine Centre for Economic Law & Governance, University of Brussels (VUB) Brussels Belgium


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