Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

“The Pathway into the Kingdom of Heaven”

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

The Indigenization of Russian Orthodox Tradition in Alaska

image of Mission Studies

The Russian Orthodox mission to Alaska can be understood in terms of liberative mission. The article shows how the missionaries succeeded in allowing Christianity to become indigenized in native Alaskan cultures, rather than attempting to make the indigenous peoples Russian. It did this through an attention to the narratives, religious and otherwise, of the Alaskan peoples and by allowing these narratives to address and be addressed by the Christian narrative. Current anthropological research points to the depth of the roots of this indigenization, and how it helped in the identity formation of the native peoples especially after the sale of Alaska to the United States when their identity was under severe external threat. The Russian Orthodox mission to Alaska provides a good historical case study of how the gospel can be indigenized in a way that empowers people and suggests a tradition available to Orthodox churches today as they seek to become more mission-minded.

Affiliations: 1: Protestant Evangelical Faculty, Charles UniversityPragueCzech


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Arzhanukhin Vladislav "“Greek Patristics in Russia of the 17th–18th Centuries.”" The Greek Orthodox Theological Review 1999 Vol 44 1–4 567 574
2. Bosch David Transforming Mission: Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission 1991 Maryknoll, NY Orbis
3. Butlin Robin A. Geographies of Empire: European Empires and Colonies c.1880–1960 2009 Cambridge Cambridge University Press
4. Chryssavgis Rev. Dr John "“The Spiritual Legacy of Innocent Veniaminov: Reflections on the Indication of the Way into the Kingdom of Heaven.”" The Greek Orthodox Theological Review 1999 Vol 44 1–4 585 596
5. DeHass Medeia Csoba "“Daily Negotiation of Tradition in a Russian Orthodox Sugpiaq Village in Alaska.”" Ethnology 2007 Vol 46 3 205 216
6. Deicha Sophie "“Patristics in Russia, the 19th Century.”" The Greek Orthodox Theological Review 1999 Vol 44 1–4 575 583
7. Garrett Paul Saint Innocent, Apostle to America 1979 Crestwood, NY Saint Vladimir’s Seminary Press
8. Kan Sergei "“Russian Orthodox Brotherhoods among the Tlingit: Missionary Goals and Native Response.”" Ethnohistory 1985 Vol 32 3 196 223
9. Kan Sergei "“Shamanism and Christianity: Modern-Day Tlingit Elders Look at the Past.”" Ethnohistory 1991 Vol 38 4 363 387
10. Kan Sergei Geraci Robert , Khodarovsky Michael "“Russian Orthodox Missionaries at Home and Abroad: The Case of Siberian and Alaskan Indigenous Peoples.”" Of Religion and Empire: Missions, Conversion, and Tolerance in Tsarist Russia 2001 Ithaca Cornell University Press 173 200
11. Mousalimas Soterios "“Contrasting Theological Views on Ancient Kodiak Culture.”" The Greek Orthodox Theological Review Vol 34 4 365 378
12. Mousalimas Soterios Journals of the Priest Ioann Veniaminov in Alaska, 1823–1826 1993 Fairbanks University of Alaska Press
13. Noble Tim "“Rights of the Indigenous People and the Orthodox Mission to Alaska”" 2011 Unpublished paper given at Living to Tell: A Gospel Informed Perspective on Human Rights, Justice and Peace, a conference in IBTS, Prague in Feb. 2011
14. Nordlander David "“Innokentii Veniaminov and the Expansion of Orthodoxy in Russian America.”" Pacific Historical Review 1995 Vol 64 1 19 36
15. Oleksa Michael Orthodox Alaska: A Theology of Mission 1992 Crestwood, NY St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press
16. Oleksa Michael Alaskan Missionary Spirituality 2010 Crestwood, NY St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press
17. Sarana Tatiana "“Journals of the Priest Ioann Veniaminov as a Valuable Source for Aleut Culture and History.”" The Greek Orthodox Theological Review 1999 Vol 44 1–4 683 687
18. Skedros James "“Review of Thomas Fitzgerald, The Orthodox Church.”" The Greek Orthodox Theological Review 1999 Vol 44 1–4 726 730
19. Ware Kallistos "“ ‘The Light that Enlightens Everyone:’ The Knowledge of God Among Non-Christians According to the Greek Fathers and St. Innocent.”" The Greek Orthodox Theological Review 1999 Vol 44 1–4 557 564
20. Yakimov Oleg "“The Unalaska Period of Ioann Veniaminov’s Life and Activity: The Formation of a Church Leader and State Leader and of an Enlightener.”" The Greek Orthodox Theological Review 1999 Vol 44 1–4 623 631

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Mission Studies — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation