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Convergence or Divergence in Theology of Religions?

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If there is an ongoing convergence in understanding of mission between the two traditions of the global church named as conciliar and evangelical, can we trace this in the theology of religions? This study investigates this question by studying two recent and comprehensive mission documents, Together towards Life (TTL) and the Cape Town Commitment (CTC). Theology of religions is a topic fundamental and decisive for understanding the nature of Christian mission. The article concludes that the World Council of Churches (WCC) seemed to come closest to the evangelical theology of religions in the years leading up to 1989. Through TTL, the WCC officially seems to confirm an inclusivism with a wider opening towards pluralist aspects. The evangelical emphasis on proclamation, truth and uniqueness of Christ in CTC is not compatible with this development. A shift of direction in theology of religions since 1989 is detectable in TTL, while evangelical theology of religions is relatively stable in its fundamental thinking.如果在协会派与福音派这两种普世教会的传统中,对宣教的认识有融合的话,那么我们能否在它们的宗教神学中追溯到些什么呢?本文就此对Together towards Life (TTL) 和 Cape Town Commitment (CTC) 两份复杂的宣教文献进行研究考查。宗教神学是对基督教宣教本质的理解最基本也是最根本的课题。本文得出的结论是。普世协会 (WCC) 似乎在1989年前的几年,与福音派的宗教神学最贴近。透过 TTLWCC 正式确认了其对多元主义完全敞开的包容主义,而福音派着重的宣告,真理及基督的独一性是与此发展互不兼容的。自 1989 年以来, 可以找到 TTL 里宗教神学的改变,而福音派的宗教神学其基本思想却是相对稳定的。Si existe en realidad un proceso de convergencia en la comprensión de la misión entre las dos tradiciones de la iglesia mundial: la conciliar y la evangélica; ¿podemos descubrirlo en la teología de las religiones? Para responder a esta pregunta, este estudio analiza dos documentos exhaustivos y recientes sobre la misión: Juntos por la vida (TTL, siglas en inglés) y el Compromiso de Ciudad del Cabo (CTC, siglas en inglés). La teología de las religiones es un tema fundamental y decisivo para comprender la naturaleza de la misión cristiana.El artículo concluye que el Consejo Mundial de Iglesias (WCC, siglas en inglés) parece acercarse más a la teología evangélica de las religiones perteneciente a los años anteriores a 1989. A través de TTL, el WCC parece confirmar oficialmente un inclusivismo con una apertura más amplia hacia aspectos pluralistas. El énfasis evangélico sobre la proclamación, la verdad y la singularidad de Cristo en CTC no parece compatible con este proceso. Se detecta en TTL un cambio de orientación en la teología de las religiones desde 1989, mientras que la teología evangélica de las religiones es relativamente invariable en su pensamiento fundamental.This article is in English.

Affiliations: 1: NLA University CollegeNorway Rolf.Kjode@NLA.no

10.1163/15733831-12341485
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2017-03-01
2017-11-25

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