Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Adapting Sufi Spiritual Forms to Promote Christian Spiritual Growth

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Mission Studies

Sufis took Islam to many parts of Asia and in some of those countries still continue to have a significant impact. Using Kraft’s model of dynamic equivalence this paper examines the Sufi spiritual forms of dhikr and samaʾ. Taking his parameters of form, function and meaning, these forms have been researched in terms of their use in fostering the Christian spiritual growth of Muslim seekers/followers of Jesus Christ in one of those Asian contexts. The assessment seeks to discover the degree to which they are compatible or may create difficulties with similar Christian forms. Following a brief overview of Sufism, the dhikr is considered in terms of its form, function and meaning. Both the fikr, the complement of the dhikr and the samaʾ are examined briefly. Then, the main issues highlighted are examined from a Christian theological perspective. Following Hiebert, a brief consideration is also given in terms of Christian history and traditions. Finally, observations are made as to how compatible these forms are within the Christian context while also outlining some of the possible problems.苏非派信徒将伊斯兰教带去亚洲的许多地区,至今在一些国家还影响重大。本文运用 Kraft 的动态对等模式,考察苏非派信徒的灵性形式 dhikr 和 sama’。透过运用 Kraft 在形式,功能及意义上的参数,本文研究这些形式怎样在亚洲的某一处境下促进那些跟随或正在寻求耶稣的穆斯林的基督徒灵性的成长。这样的评估会发现,他们的这些灵性形式哪些是和基督教类似的形式相兼容,哪些会造成困难。简单介绍苏非派后,本文先考虑 dhikr 的形式,功能及意义,然后是 dhikr 的补充 fikr 和 samaʾ,接着是从基督教神学的角度查考几个方面。随着 Hiebert,本文简短地查考基督教历史及传统,最后提出一些这些灵性形式在基督教处境里是怎样兼容的一些观察,以及列举出各样可能存在的问题。Los sufíes llevaron el Islam a muchas regiones de Asia y siguen teniendo un impacto significativo en algunos de esos países. Este trabajo utiliza el modelo de equivalencia dinámica de Kraft para examinar las prácticas espirituales sufíes de dhikr and samaʾ.Estas prácticas son evaluadas en términos de su posible uso para fomentar el crecimiento espiritual cristiano de musulmanes que buscan o siguen a Jesucristo dentro de un contexto asiático; se utilizan los parámetros de forma, función y significado diseñados por Kraft. La investigación busca descubrir hasta qué punto son compatibles o si pueden traer dificultades con algunas prácticas cristianas similares. Luego de una breve descripción del sufismo, se considera el dhikr según su forma, función y significado. Tanto el fikr, el complemento del dhikr, como el samaʾ son analizados brevemente. Seguidamente, los principales temas mencionados son estudiados desde una perspectiva teológica cristiana.Se considera brevemente la historia y las tradiciones cristianas siguiendo el pensamiento de Hiebert. Por último, se hacen observaciones sobre cuán compatibles son estas prácticas dentro de un contexto cristiano y al mismo tiempo se puntualizan algunos de los posibles problemas.This article is in English.

10.1163/15733831-12341502
/content/journals/10.1163/15733831-12341502
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15733831-12341502
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Abbasi Shahid Ali"“Rethinking in Islam: Maulana Ashrif ‘Ali Thanawion Way and Way-Faring”" Islamic Culture 2001Vol 75 3 1 72
2. Abbott-Smith G. A Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament 1981 Edinburgh T. & T. Clark
3. al-Suhrawardi Abu al-Najib A Sufi Rule for Novices, Kitab Adad al-Muridian of Abu al-Najib al Suhrawardi 1975 no. 1 Cambridge, MA Harvard University Press Harvard Middle Eastern Studies Abridged translation and introduction by Menahim Milso
4. Anon French R.M. The Way of the Pilgrim 1987 London Triangle SPCK
5. Barrington-Ward Simon The Jesus Prayer 1996 Oxford The Bible Reading Fellowship
6. Bloom Anthony Living Prayer 1966 London Darton, Longman & Todd
7. Botterweck G. Johannes, Ringgren Helmer Green David E. Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament 1980 Grand Rapids, MI Wm B Eerdmans
8. Buehler Arthur F."“Currents of Sufism in Nineteenth-and Twentieth-Century Indo-Pakistan: An Overview”" The Muslim World 1997Vol 87 3–4 299 314 [Crossref]
9. Bunyan John The Pilgrim’s Progress, From This World To That Which Is To Come (1682) [1985] Uhrichsville, OH Barbour and Co.
10. Chic Rachida van Bruinessen Martin, Howell Julia Day"“What Is a Sufi Order? Revisiting the Concept through a Case Study of the Khalwatiyya in Contemporary Egypt”" Sufism and the “Modern” in Islam 2007 London I. B. Tauris
11. Duncan Ya’qub In the Beginning: A Month of Daily Devotions from Al-Taurat 2007 Edinburgh Knox Press
12. D’Souza Andreas"Jesus in Ibn ‘Arabi’s Fusus al_Hikam" The Bulletin of Christian Institutes of Islamic Studies 1983Vol 6 1/2 28 54
13. Eliadi Mircea The Encyclopaedia of Religion 1987Vol vol. 10 New York Macmillan
14. Elwell Walter A. Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology 1996 Grand Rapids, MI Baker Books
15. Esponito John L. The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Islamic World 1995Vol vol. 4 Oxford Oxford University Press
16. Esponito John L. The Oxford Encyclopaedia of the Islamic World 2009Vol vol 5 Oxford Oxford University Press
17. Ewing Katherine P. Smith Grace Martin, Ernst Carl W."“The Modern Businessman and the Pakistani Saint: The Interpretation of Worlds”" Manifestations of Sainthood in Islam 1993 Istanbul The Isis Press 69 84
18. Gabriel Theodore Christian Citizens in an Islamic State: The Pakistan Experience 2007 Aldershot, UK Ashgate
19. Gairdner Canon W.H.T. Theories, Practices and Training Systems of a Sufi School 1980, 1912Vol 2 London Designist Communications 171 181 The Society for Sufi Studies (Originally published as “The Way of a Mohammedan Mystic,” in The Muslim World
20. George (Archimandrite) Theosis The True Purpose of Human Life 2006 Accessed 29 July 2016 Mount Athos Holy Monastery of Saint Gregorios
21. Gesenius H.W.F. Tregelles Samuel Prideaux Gesenius’ Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon to the Old Testament Scriptures Numerically Coded to Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance 1979 Grand Rapids, MI Baker Book House
22. Gibb H.A.R., Kramers J.H. Concise Encyclopedia of Islam 2001 Boston Brill Academic 4th impression
23. Green Nile Making Space: Sufis and Settlers in Early Modern India 2010 New Dehli Oxford University Press
24. Gülen M. Fethullah Key Concepts in the Practice of Sufism, Emerald Hills of the Heart 2004 Sumerset, NJ The Light
25. Haddad Gibril Fouad Dhikr is the Greatest Obligation and Perpetual Divine Order 2012 Accessed 27/07/2016 As-Sunnah Foundation of America
26. Haq Mahfuz-ul The True Way 1982 Faridpur, Bangladesh Rashidul Hassan, C.I.R.C, Biswa Zaker Manzil
27. Helminski Camille Adams Women of Sufism: A Hidden Treasure 2003 Boston Shambhala Publications
28. Hiebert Paul"“Critical Contextualization”" International Bulletin of Missionary Research 1987Vol 11 3 (July) 104 112 [Crossref]
29. Hopkins S.F. Burgess Stanley M., Van der Maas Eduard M."“Glossolalia: An Outsider’s Perspective”" The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements 2002 Grand Rapids, MI Zondervan 676 677
30. Hughes Thomas Patrick The Dictionary of Islam c1885 Lahore Premier Book House
31. Jacobs Louis Jones Cheslyn, Wainwright Geoffrey, Yarnold Edward"“Judaism”" The Study of Spirituality 1986 London SPCK
32. Jaoudi Maria Christian and Islamic Spirituality: Sharing a Journey 1993 New York Paulist Press
33. Khan Iqtidar Husain Prof."The Pir and Murid: A Case Study of the Sufis of the Suhrawardi Silsila in India during the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries" Hamdard Islamicus 1998Vol 21 3 23 36
34. Kraft Charles H. Christianity in Culture: A Study in Dynamic Biblical Theologizing in Cross-Cultural Perspective 1979 Maryknoll, NY Orbis Books
35. Laffan Michael The Makings of Indonesian Islam: Orientalism and the Narration of the Sufi Past: 2011 Princeton Princeton University Press
36. Lewis P."“Pirs, Shrines and Pakistani Islam. Part One, Saint and Shrine Cult: A Case Study”" Al Mushir: Theological Journal of the Christian Study Centre, Rawalpindi, Pakistan 1984Vol 26 1 1 22
37. Lewis P."“The Shrine Cult in Historical Perspective. Part 2”" Al Mushir: Theological Journal of the Christian Study Centre, Rawalpindi, Pakistan 1984Vol 26 2 23 43
38. Lewis P."“Sufism: Impact on, and Interaction with Wider Society. Part 3”" Al Mushir: Theological Journal of the Christian Study Centre, Rawalpindi, Pakistan 1984Vol 26 3/4 44 72
39. Lewis P."“Saints and Shrine Cult: Credentials, Critics and Continuing Impact”" Al Mushir: Theological Journal of the Christian Study Centre, Rawalpindi, Pakistan 1984Vol 26 3/4 74 103
40. Mahboub Ali Tabandeh"The Sufi Path, (Niʾmatullahi Order)" Accessed 5/02/2003 and 10/09/2016 revised by Nor‘Ali Tabandeh, Majzoub
41. Nasr Seyyed Hossein Nasr Seyyed Hossein"“God”" Islamic Spirituality – Foundations 1985 London SCM Press 311 323
42. Nasr Seyyed Hossein Sufi Essays 1991 second edition Albany State University of New York Press
43. Netton Ian Richard Sufi Ritual: The Parallel Universe 2000 Richmond, UK Curzon
44. O’Donnell Gabriel Maas Robin, O’Donnell Gabriel"“Getting Ready to Pray: Practice the Spiritual Disciplines”" Spiritual Traditions for the Contemporary Church 1990 Nashville, TN Abingdon Press 133 142
45. O’Donnell Gabriel, Maas Robin Maas Robin, O’Donnell Gabriel"“Prayer, Prayers and Popular Devotion in Roman Catholicism”" Spiritual Traditions for the Contemporary Church 1990 Nashville, TN Abingdon Press 380 395
46. Payton James R. Jr. Light from the Christian East: An Introduction of the Orthodox Tradition 2007 Downers Grover, IL IVP Academic
47. Pickthall Muhammad Marmaduke The Meaning of the Glorious Qur’an: An Explanatory Translation (re-edited) 2000 Birmingham, UK Islamic Dawah Centre International
48. Rastogi T.C. Islamic Mysticism Sufism 1982 New Delhi Sterling Publishers
49. Renard John Seven Doors to Islam, Spirituality and the Religious Life of Muslims 1996 Berkeley University of California Press
50. Renard John The Knowledge of God in Classical Sufism: Foundations of Islamic Mystical Theology 2004 New York Paulist Press
51. Riddell Peter Islam and the Malay-Indonesian World, Transmission and Responses 2001 Singapore Horizon Books
52. Rifai Hazrat Sayyid Ahmed er-Rifai"“Dhikr”" Rifai Sufi Order n.d.
53. Rizvi Saiyid Athar Abbas A History of Sufism in India 1978Vol Vol. 1, Early Sufism and Its History in India to AD 1600 New Delhi Mushiram Moaharlal
54. Rizvi Saiyid Athar Abbas A History of Sufism in India 1983Vol Vol II, From Sixteenth Century to Modern Century New Dehli Munshiram Manoharial Publishers
55. Shenk David"“The Tariqa: A Meeting Place for Christians and Muslims”" The Bulletin of Christian Institutes of Islamic Studies 1982Vol 5 1/2 1 27
56. Shuttleworth Mark"“Theosis: Partaking of the Divine Nature”" Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdioceses of North America n.d. Accessed 29 July 2016
57. Singh David Emmanuel"“Radical Islamic Anthropology: Key to Christian Theologizing in the Concept of Islam”" Asian Journal of Theology 2001Vol 18 2 296 323
58. Spittler R.P Burgess Stanley M., Van der Maas Eduard M."“Glossolalia”" The New International Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements 2002 Grand Rapids, MI Zondervan 670 676
59. Stavropoulos C. Clendenin Daniel B."“Partakers of Divine Nature”" Eastern Orthodox Theology: A Contemporary Reader 2003 Grand Rapids, MI Baker Academic 183 192
60. Subkhan Abdu Bishop Subkhan, A Sufi’s Life Story (Urdu) 2001 Lahore Masihi Isha’at Khana
61. Thorneycroft Charlotte Azumah John, Riddell Peter"“The Compatibility of Islamic Shariah Law with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights”" Islam and Christianity of the Edge: Talking Points in Christian-Muslim Relations into the 21st Century 2013 Brunswick East, Australia Acorn Press 95 112
62. Trimingham J. Spencer The Sufi Orders in Islam 1971 London Oxford University Press
63. Young Robert. Analytical Concordance to the Bible 1970 28th edition Grand Rapids, MI Wm B. Eerdmans revised by Wm. B. Stevenson
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15733831-12341502
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15733831-12341502
2017-05-02
2017-11-20

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Mission Studies — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation