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Adapting Sufi Spiritual Forms to Promote Christian Spiritual Growth

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Sufis took Islam to many parts of Asia and in some of those countries still continue to have a significant impact. Using Kraft’s model of dynamic equivalence this paper examines the Sufi spiritual forms of dhikr and samaʾ. Taking his parameters of form, function and meaning, these forms have been researched in terms of their use in fostering the Christian spiritual growth of Muslim seekers/followers of Jesus Christ in one of those Asian contexts. The assessment seeks to discover the degree to which they are compatible or may create difficulties with similar Christian forms. Following a brief overview of Sufism, the dhikr is considered in terms of its form, function and meaning. Both the fikr, the complement of the dhikr and the samaʾ are examined briefly. Then, the main issues highlighted are examined from a Christian theological perspective. Following Hiebert, a brief consideration is also given in terms of Christian history and traditions. Finally, observations are made as to how compatible these forms are within the Christian context while also outlining some of the possible problems.苏非派信徒将伊斯兰教带去亚洲的许多地区,至今在一些国家还影响重大。本文运用 Kraft 的动态对等模式,考察苏非派信徒的灵性形式 dhikr 和 sama’。透过运用 Kraft 在形式,功能及意义上的参数,本文研究这些形式怎样在亚洲的某一处境下促进那些跟随或正在寻求耶稣的穆斯林的基督徒灵性的成长。这样的评估会发现,他们的这些灵性形式哪些是和基督教类似的形式相兼容,哪些会造成困难。简单介绍苏非派后,本文先考虑 dhikr 的形式,功能及意义,然后是 dhikr 的补充 fikr 和 samaʾ,接着是从基督教神学的角度查考几个方面。随着 Hiebert,本文简短地查考基督教历史及传统,最后提出一些这些灵性形式在基督教处境里是怎样兼容的一些观察,以及列举出各样可能存在的问题。Los sufíes llevaron el Islam a muchas regiones de Asia y siguen teniendo un impacto significativo en algunos de esos países. Este trabajo utiliza el modelo de equivalencia dinámica de Kraft para examinar las prácticas espirituales sufíes de dhikr and samaʾ.Estas prácticas son evaluadas en términos de su posible uso para fomentar el crecimiento espiritual cristiano de musulmanes que buscan o siguen a Jesucristo dentro de un contexto asiático; se utilizan los parámetros de forma, función y significado diseñados por Kraft. La investigación busca descubrir hasta qué punto son compatibles o si pueden traer dificultades con algunas prácticas cristianas similares. Luego de una breve descripción del sufismo, se considera el dhikr según su forma, función y significado. Tanto el fikr, el complemento del dhikr, como el samaʾ son analizados brevemente. Seguidamente, los principales temas mencionados son estudiados desde una perspectiva teológica cristiana.Se considera brevemente la historia y las tradiciones cristianas siguiendo el pensamiento de Hiebert. Por último, se hacen observaciones sobre cuán compatibles son estas prácticas dentro de un contexto cristiano y al mismo tiempo se puntualizan algunos de los posibles problemas.This article is in English.


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