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Bezeichnungen von Wurfwaffen und Belagerungsgeschützen im Iranischen I: Iranica mutuata II

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image of Iran and the Caucasus

The paper focuses on two words of obscure etymology occurring in the Pahlavi text of presumably Parthian origin Draxt ī asūrīg, namely <pylkhʾn'> and <kškʾncyl>. For the former, numerous related forms in Classical Armenian, Old Georgian and New Persian are considered, and a new suggestion is made as regards the ultimate, i. e. Old Iranian, etymology of the term and the way by which it entered Middle West Iranian, as well as in respect of a subgroup of the forms discussed, which turns out to have derived from a variety of the etymon characterised by certain semantic and phonetic features. For both terms Sogdian origin is established and some further etymological considerations are made.

Affiliations: 1: Institut für Iranistik, Freie Universität Berlin


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