Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

A Physician’s View on Legal Aspects of the Contemporary Medical Use of Mercury in Germany

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Asian Medicine

This article looks at various legal aspects of different groups of allopathic and homoeopathic remedies in Germany. Differences between allopathic and homoeopathic, approved and registered, and individually prescribed drugs are explained in the context of their availability and whether the legal responsibilities lie with the physicians prescribing the drugs or the pharmacies issuing, mixing, or importing them. Some of these remedies contain mercury in various forms, and the legalities of these mercurial remedies are explained from the practical point of view of a physician working in Germany.

Affiliations: 1: Retired from University of Ulmfabri.antiquariat@gmx.de

10.1163/15734218-12341276
/content/journals/10.1163/15734218-12341276
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15734218-12341276
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. AMG (Arzneimittelgesetz) 2011 §5 Verbot Bedenklicher Arzneimittel. URL: < >, last accessed 2 October 2013
2. Aschoff J. C. , Tashigang T. Y. "‘On Mercury in Tibetan Precious Pills’" Journal of the European Āyurvedic Society 1997 Vol 5 129 135
3. Aschoff J. C. , Tashigang T. Y. Tibetan Jewel Pills with Some Remarks on Consecration (Byin rlabs) of the Medicine 2009 Ulm Fabri Verlag
4. Azevedo B. F., L. B. Furieri , Vassallo D. V. "‘Toxic Effects of Mercury on the Cardiovascular and Central Nervous Systems’" Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology 2012 Article ID 949048. URL: < >, last accessed 2 October 2013
5. Ball L.K. , Ball R. , Pratt R. D. "‘An Assessment of Thimerosal Use in Childhood Vaccines’" Pediatrics 2001 Vol 107 5 1147 1154 http://dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.107.5.1147
6. Bazzano A. , Zeldin A. , Schuster E. , Barrett C. , et al "‘Vaccine-related Beliefs and Practices of Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders’" American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities 2012 Vol 117 3 233 242 http://dx.doi.org/10.1352/1944-7558-117.3.233
7. Bergdahl I. A. , Ahlqwist M. , Barregard L. , Björkelund C. , et al "‘Mercury in Serum Predicts Low Risk of Death and Myocardial Infarction in Gothenburg Women’" International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 2013 Vol 86 1 71 77 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00420-012-0746-8
8. BGA (Bundesgesundheitsamt) "‘Phytotherapeutic Monograph of the Commission E’" 2013 URL: < >, last accessed 20 October 2013
9. Bundesministerium der Justiz "‘§38 Registrierung Homöopathischer Arzneimittel’" Gesetz über den Verkehr mit Arzneimitteln 1976 URL: < >, last accessed 10 November 2013
10. Clarkson T. W. , Magos L. "‘The Toxicology of Mercury and its Chemical Compounds’" Critical Review of Toxicology 2006 Vol 36 8 609 662 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10408440600845619
11. Cooper K. , Noller B. , Connell D. , Yu J. , et al "‘Public Health Risks from Heavy Metals and Metalloids Present in Traditional Chinese Medicines’" Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A. 2007 Vol 70 19 1694 1699 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15287390701434885
12. DAB (Deutsches Arzneibuch) Deutsches Arzneibuch, Europäisches Arzneibuch, 7.0–7.5 2012 Grundwerk 2011 Amtliche deutsche Ausgabe, Stuttgart Deutscher Apotheker Verlag
13. Dole V. , Paranjpe P. A Text Book of Rasashastra 2006 Delhi Chaukhamba Sanskrit Pratishthan
14. Edlich R. F. , Cross C. L. , Dahlstrom J. J. , Long W. B. III , et al "‘Implementation of Revolutionary Legislation for Informed Consent for Dental Patients Receiving Amalgam Restorations’" Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology 2008 Vol 27 1 3 http://dx.doi.org/10.1615/JEnvironPatholToxicolOncol.v27.i1.10
15. EU "‘Directive 2007/51/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 25 September 2007 Amending Council Directive 76/769/EEC Relating to Restrictions on the Marketing of Certain Measuring Devices Containing Mercury’" Official Journal of the European Union 2007 October 3 Vol L 257 13 15 URL: < >, last accessed 20 October 2013
16. Frey R. Krapp K. M. , Longe J. L. "‘Mercurius Vivus’" The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine 2005 URL: < >, last accessed 10 November 2013
17. Galindo P. A. , Feo F. , García R. , Gómez E. , et al "‘Mercurochrome Allergy. Immediate and Delayed Hypersensitivity’" Allergy 1997 Vol 52 11 1138 1141 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.1997.tb00190.x
18. Gochfeld M. "‘Cases of Mercury Exposure, Bioavailability, and Absorption’" Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 2003 Vol 56 1 174 179 (Special Issue on ‘Methodologies for Assessing Exposures to Metals: Speciation, Bioaccessibility, and Bioavailability in the Environment, Food, and Feed’) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0147-6513(03)00060-5
19. Goldwater L. J. Mercury: A History of Quicksilver 1972 Baltimore York Press
20. Gottwald B. , Traenckner I. , Kupfer J. , Ganss C. , et al "‘“Amalgam Disease”—Poisoning, Allergy, or Psychic Disorder?’" International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 2001 Vol 204 4 223 229 http://dx.doi.org/10.1078/1438-4639-00097
21. Grill M. , Hackenbroch V. "‘Der Grosse Schüttelfrust’" Der Spiegel: Homöopathie— Die Grosse Illusion 2010 Vol 28 58 67
22. Gutman W. "‘Mercurius’" Journal of the American Institute of Homoeopathy 1964 Vol 57 10 12
23. Hahnemann S. Reine Arzneimittellehre 1830 Vol (6 Vols.), Vol. 1 Third edition Dresden, Leipzig Arnold URL: < >, last accessed 20 October 2013
24. Ihrig M. , Kaunzinger A. , Baumann J. , Orbig H. , et al "‘Qualitätsmängel bei TCM-Drogen’" Pharmazeutische Zeitung 2004 online, 43. URL: < >, last accessed 20 October 2013
25. Kellogg F. R. "‘The Precious Pill: Access by the Aged to Affordable Pharmaceuticals’" Care Management Journal 2002 Vol 3 3 112 http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/cmaj.3.3.112.57446
26. Lerch M. , Bircher A. J. "‘Systemically Induced Allergic Exanthem from Mercury’" Contact Dermatitis 2004 Vol 50 6 349 353 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0105-1873.2004.00366.x
27. Liang A. H. , Shang M. F. "‘General Situation of the Study on the Toxicity of Cinnabaris’ (in Chinese)" Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2005 Vol 30 4 249 252
28. Magos L. , Clarkson T. W. "‘Overview of the Clinical Toxicity of Mercury’" Annals of Clinical Biochemistry 2006 Vol 43 (Pt 4) 257 268 http://dx.doi.org/10.1258/000456306777695654
29. Malt U. F. , Nerdrum P. , Oppedal B. , Gundersen R. , et al "‘Physical and Mental Problems Attributed to Dental Amalgam Fillings: A Descriptive Study of 99 Self-referred Patients Compared with 272 Controls’" Psychosomatic Medicine 1997 Vol 59 1 32 41 http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00006842-199701000-00005
30. Mipham Namgyal (Mi pham rnam rgyal) Tsering T. "‘Rin chen dngul chu’i sbyor ba’i rtogs pa brjod pa’i gtam ngo mtshar ’chi med grub pa’i rna rgyan’" Rin chen dngul chu sbyor sde phyogs bsdebs: Collected Works on Mercury Formulations (Rasasiddhisastra) by ’Ju Mi-Pham, Bla-sman Orgyan bstan-’dzin, Sde-dge drun-yid Guru-’phel, Kon-sprul Yon-tan rgya-mtsho. Reproduced from rare manuscripts and Sde-dge woodblocks from the library of Late Dr Jamyang Tashi, Dr Tenzin Chodrak, and Dr Lobsang Tashi 1986 Dharamsala Library of Tibetan Works and Archives 59 110
31. Mozaffarian D. , Shi P. , Morris J. S. , Spiegelman D. , et al "‘Mercury Exposure and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Two US Cohorts’" New England Journal of Medicine 2011 Vol 364 12 1116 1125 http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1006876
32. Pharmore GmbH "‘Rechtlicher und Organisatorischer Hintergrund von Arzneimittelimporten gem. § 73 Abs. 3 AMG’" 2012 Ibbenbüren Pharmore GmbH Online brochure. URL: < >, last accessed 20 October 2013
33. Posadzki P. , Watson L. , Ernst E. "‘Contamination and Adulteration of Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPs): An Overview of Systematic Reviews’" European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2013 Vol 69 3 295 307 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00228-012-1353-z
34. PS (Pharmazeutische Stoffliste) Pharmazeutische Stoffliste 2010 (17th edition) Stuttgart Deutscher Apotheker Verlag
35. Rathore M. , Singh A. , Pant V. A. "‘The Dental Amalgam Toxicity Fear: A Myth or Actuality’" Toxicology International 2012 Vol 19 2 81 88 http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0971-6580.97191
36. Reimann H. "‘Merbromin im Spiegel der Expertenmeinungen’" Pharmazeutische Zeitung online 2003 Vol 39 URL: < >, last accessed 10 November 2013
37. Schäfer C. "‘Handhabung von TCM-Drogen in der Apotheke’" Pharmazeutische Zeitung online 2005 Vol 30 URL: < >, last accessed 10 October 2013
38. WHO Legal Status of Traditional Medicine and Complementary/Alternative Medicine—A Worldwide Review 2001 URL: < >, last accessed 10 October 2013
39. Wujastyk D. "‘An Alchemical Ghost: The Rasaratnākara by Nāgārjuna’" Ambix 1984 Vol 31 70 83 http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/amb.1984.31.2.70
40. Ye Z. , Wang J. , Liang A. , Xue B. , et al "‘Comparative Studies on Pharmacological Effects of Angong Niuhuang Pill with its Simplified Prescription’ (in Chinese)" Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2003 Vol 28 7 636 639
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15734218-12341276
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15734218-12341276
2013-09-17
2018-06-22

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Asian Medicine — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation