Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Herbalised Ayurveda?

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Reformulation, Plant Management and the ‘Pharmaceuticalisation’ of Indian ‘Traditional’ Medicine

image of Asian Medicine

This paper discusses one dimension of the contemporary industrialisation of ayurvedic medicine, namely the new centrality given to the collection, combination, and mass-manipulation of herbal therapeutic material. The aim is to highlight the process of ‘pharmaceuticalisation’, too often and wrongly taken as synonymous of a form of alignment of Ayurveda with biomedicine, its categories, and practices. Within this context, pharmaceuticalisation refers to the creation of a new world of professionals beside ayurvedic doctors, often personnel of the industry, whose role is to handle the material (rather than the clinical) dimensions of polyherbal preparations. This management of plants includes multiple dimensions: documentation of their uses, experimental research on their composition and properties, design of new simplified combinations, mass-production of ready-made specialties, and marketing. In other words, it encompasses all the attributes of pharmacy as it developed in Europe, but with the major caveat that this pharmacy has little to do with chemistry, pure substances, and molecules, since it focuses on plants, their combination, and their value as materia medica. The paper focuses on the series of institutions, policies, and practices regarding plant management that have emerged since 2000 with a special interests in a) the ways ‘old’ settings like the botanical garden have taken the turn toward industrial Ayurveda; b) how the operations of ‘new’ institutions, such as the National Medicinal Plant Board, have been mandated to foster supply of as well as research on ‘prioritised’ species.

Affiliations: 1: Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale; Center for Research on Science, Health, Medicine and Society (CERMES 3) Paris gaudilli@vjf.cnrs.fr

10.1163/15734218-12341294
/content/journals/10.1163/15734218-12341294
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15734218-12341294
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Banerjee M. Power, Knowledge, Medicine: Ayurvedic Pharmaceuticals at Home and in the World 2009 Hyderabad Orient Blackswan
2. Bode M. Taking Traditional Medicine to the Market: The Modern Image of the Ayurvedic and Unani Industry 1980–2000 2008 Hyderabad Orient Longman
3. Calvert J. , Joly P.-B. "‘How Did the Gene Become a Chemical Compound: The Ontology of the Gene and the Patenting of DNA?’" Social Science Information 2011 Vol 50 2 157 177 http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0539018411399512
4. Farquhar J. , Rajan K.S. "‘Introduction’" East Asian Science Technology and Society 2014 Vol 8 4 383 389 http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/18752160-2819145
5. Gaudillière J.-P. "‘Une Marchandise Scientifique? Savoirs, Industrie et Régulation du Médicament dans l’Allemagne des Années Trente’" Annales—Histoire, Sciences Sociales 2010 Vol 65 1 89 120
6. Gaudillière J.-P. "‘An Indian Path to Biocapital? Traditional Knowledge Inventories, Intellectual Property and the Reformulation of Ayurvedic Drugs’" East Asian Science, Technology and Society 2014 Vol 8 4 391 415 http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/18752160-2717469
7. Gaudillière J.-P. , Kevles D. , Rheinberger H.-J. Living Properties: Making Knowledge and Controlling Ownership in the History of Biology 2009 Berlin Max Planck Institute for History of Science, Preprint 382
8. Gaudillière J.-P. , Hess V. Ways of Regulating Drugs in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries 2013 Basingstoke, UK Palgrave Macmillan
9. Govindarajan R. , Vijayakumar M. , Pushpangadan P. "‘Antioxidant Approach to Diseases Management and the Role of “Rasayana” Herbs of Ayurveda’" Journal of Ethnopharmacology 2005 Vol 99 165 178 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2005.02.035
10. Kevles D. A History of Patenting Life in the United States with Comparative Attention to Europe and Canada 2002 Report to European Group on Ethics, Science and New Technology, Brussels: European Commission
11. Mathew P. J. , Thomas M. T. Medicinal Plant Resource of Kerala 2007 Thiruvananthapuram TBGRI (Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute)
12. Ministry of Health Report of the Committee on Indigenous Systems of Medicine 1948 New Delhi Government of India
13. National Medicinal Plant Board (nmpb) Centrally Sponsored Scheme of National Mission on Medicinal Plants 2008a New Delhi Government of India
14. National Medicinal Plant Board (nmpb) Agro-Techniques of Selected Medicinal Plants 2008b New Delhi Government of India
15. National Medicinal Plant Board (nmpb) Good Agricultural Practices for Medicinal Plants 2009 New Delhi Government of India
16. National Medicinal Plant Board (nmpb) Good Agricultural Practices Standards for Medicinal Plants Requirements 2011 New Delhi Government of India
17. Planning Commission Report of the Task Force on Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants 2000 New Delhi Government of India
18. Pordié L. , Gaudillière J.-P. "‘The Reformulation Regime in Drug Discovery: Revisiting Polyherbals and Property Rights in the Ayurvedic Industry’" East Asian Science, Technology and Society 2014 Vol 8 57 79 http://dx.doi.org/10.1215/18752160-2406053
19. Pushpangadan P. , Rajasekharan S. , Ratheshkumar P. K. , et al "‘Arogyappacha (Trichopus zeylanicus) the “Ginseng” of Kani Tribe of Agashyar Hills (Kerala) for Ever Green Health and Vitality’" Ancient Science of Life 1988 Vol viii 13 16
20. Pushpangadan P. , Rajasekharan P. , Ratheshkumar K. , et al "‘Amrithapala (Janakia arayalpatra) A New Drug from the Kani tribe of Kerala’" Ancient Science of Life 1990 Vol IX 215 219
21. Sahu S. K. Technology Transfer, Dependence, and Self-Reliant Development in the Third World. The Pharmaceutical and Machine Tools Industry in India 1997 London Preager
22. Sharma A. K. , Pushpangadan P. , Chopr C. L. , et al "‘Adaptogenic Activity of Seeds of Trichopus Zylanicus, the Ginseng of Kerala’" Ancient Science of Life 1989 Vol viii 212 219
23. Sivaramakrishnan K. Old Potions, New Bottles. Recasting Indigenous Medicine in Colonial Punjab, 1850–1945 2006 Hyderabad Orient Longman
24. Varier R. M. R. The Rediscovery of Ayurveda: The Story of Arya Vaidya Sala Kottakal 2002 New Delhi Viking
25. Verd D. K. , Goraya G. S. Demand and Supply of Medicinal Plants in India 2008 Bangalore Foundation for Revitalisation of Local Health Traditions
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15734218-12341294
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15734218-12341294
2014-12-11
2017-07-21

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Asian Medicine — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation