Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Explaining Conception to Women?

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Buddhist Embryological Knowledge in the Sanshō ruijūshō 産生類聚抄 (Encyclopedia of Childbirth, ca. 1318)

image of Asian Medicine

Recent findings by Japanese and Western scholars specializing in Buddhism have cast light on a variety of theories of conception and gestation that were known within the religious and cultural milieu of medieval Japan. In the early fourteenth century, these ideas about the origins of life and the human body were incorporated not only into the esoteric Buddhist rituals and theological treatises that shaped the religious landscape of medieval Japan, but also into medico-religious writings focusing on women’s health. This article discusses the theories of conception and gestation seen in the Encyclopedia of Childbirth (Sanshō ruijūshō 産生類聚抄, ca. 1318), a hand-written manuscript preserved at Kanazawa Bunko, one of Japan’s surviving medieval temple archives. This manuscript is a rare source on women’s health from medieval Japan, which describes the issues of conception, infertility, and childbirth from the Buddhist and medical perspective. It explains conception through the ideas found in certain Chinese translations of Indian Buddhist treatises such as the Daodijing 道地経 (one of the extant translations of the Yogācārabhūmi) and Jushe lun 俱舎論 (Skt. Abhidharmakośa bhāṣya, Jpn. Kusharon), Buddhist scriptures, as well as Japanese Buddhist and medical treatises, including a collection attributed to the Tendai monk Annen 安然 (841–889?) and Tanba Yasuyori’s 丹波康頼 (912–995) Essentials of Medicine (Ishinpō 醫心方, ca. 984).

Affiliations: 1: Universität Heidelberg andreeva@asia-europe.uni-heidelberg.de

10.1163/15734218-12341391
/content/journals/10.1163/15734218-12341391
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15734218-12341391
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Fujiwara Teika 藤原定家 1911 1912 Meigetsuki 明月記 [Records of Bright Moon] 3 vols Tokyo Kokusho kankōkai
2. "Gushi nintai sanshō himitsu hōshū 求子妊胎産生秘密法集 [Collection of Secret Methods on Seeking the Offspring, Pregnancy, and Childbirth]" Attributed to Annen 安然 841 889? Nihon daizōkyō 日本大蔵経 Matsumoto Bunzaburō 松本文三朗, Nakano Tatsue 中野達恵Vol vol. 43 191 198 Tokyo Nihon daizōkyō hensankai
3. Hanawa Hokinoichi 塙保己一 1928 1934 Gunsho ruijū 群書類從 Tokyo Zoku gunsho ruijū kanseikai
4. Hanawa Hokinoichi 塙保己一 1928 1937 Zoku gunsho ruijū 續群書類従 Tokyo Zoku gunsho ruijū kanseikai
5. "Kōgū osan tōjitsu shidai 后宮御産当日次第 [Procedures During the Day of the Royal Consort’s Labor, 1178–1181]" Zoku gunsho ruijū 續群書類従 Hokinoichi HanawaVol vol. 999 542 549 Tokyo Zoku gunsho ruijū kanseikai
6. Matsumoto Bunzaburō 松本文三朗, Nakano Tatsue 中野達恵 1914 1921 Nihon daizōkyō 日本大蔵經 Tokyo Nihon daizōkyō hensankai
7. "Osan buruiki 御産部類記 [Miscellaneous Records of August Childbirths]" Zoku gunsho ruijū 續群書類従 Hokinoichi HanawaVol vol. 998 506 529 Tokyo Zoku gunsho ruijū kanseikai
8. "Osan no oinori no mokuroku 御産御祈目録 [Records of Prayers for Childbirth]" Zoku gunsho ruijū 續群書類従 Hokinoichi HanawaVol vol. 997 472 505 Tokyo Zoku gunsho ruijū kanseikai
9. "Osanjo nikki 御産所日記 [Daily Records of the August Birthing Place]" Gunsho ruijū 群書類従 Hokinoichi HanawaVol vol. 23 no. 80 303 321 Tokyo Zoku gunsho ruijū kanseikai
10. Sanpishō 産秘抄 [Secret Notes on Childbirth] Ca. 1304. Kanazawa Bunko, ms 249–215 and 255–204
11. Sanshō ruijūshō 産生類従抄 [Encyclopedia of Childbirth] Ca. 1318. Kanazawa Bunko, ms 5–3–1
12. Takakusu Junjirō 高楠順次郎 1924–32 Taishō shinshū daizōkyō 大正新脩大蔵經 Tokyo Issaikyō kankōkai and Daizō shuppan Abbreviated as “T.” Retrieved from the online version, the sat Daizōkyō Text Database, hosted by the University of Tokyo. http://21dzk.l.u-tokyo.ac.jp/SAT/satdb2015.php?lang=en
13. Andreeva Anna 2014"“Childbirth in Aristocratic Households of Heian Japan.”" DynamisVol 34 2 357 376 Special issue, “Childbirth and Women’s Healthcare Across Cultures,” Andreeva, Couto-Ferreira, Töpfer Retrieved from http://www.raco.cat/index.php/Dynamis/article/view/280700/368382 [Crossref]
14. Andreeva Anna 2016a"“Lost in the Womb: Conception, Reproductive Imagery, and Gender in the Writings and Rituals of Japan’s Medieval Holy Men.”" Transforming the Void Andreeva, Steavu 420 478 Leiden Brill
15. Andreeva Anna 2016b"“Embryology in Buddhist Thought.”" Oxford Bibliographies Online Retrieved from http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com doi: 10.1093/obo/9780195393521-0228
16. Andreeva Anna 2017a Assembling Shinto: Buddhist Approaches to Kami Worship in Medieval Japan Cambridge Harvard Asia Center
17. Andreeva Anna 2017b"“Childbirth in Early Medieval Japan: Ritual Economies and Medical Emergencies in Procedures During the Day of the Royal Consort’s Labor.”" Buddhism and Medicine: An Anthology of Premodern Sources Salguero C. Pierce 336 350 New York Columbia University Press
18. Andreeva Anna 2018 (forthcoming)"“Devising the Esoteric Rituals for Women: Fertility and the Demon Mother in the Gushi nintai sanshō himitsu hōshū 求子妊胎産生秘密法集.”" Women, Rites, and Ritual Objects in Premodern Japan Gerhart Karen Leiden Brill
19. Andreeva Anna, Steavu Dominic 2016a"“Introduction: Backdrops and Parallels to Embryological Discourse and Reproductive Imagery in East Asian Religions.”" Transforming the Void Andreeva, Steavu 1 52 Leiden Brill
20. Andreeva Anna, Steavu Dominic 2016b Transforming the Void: Embryological Discourse and Reproductive Imagery in East Asian Religions Leiden Brill
21. Andreeva Anna, Couto-Ferreira Erica, Töpfer Susanne 2014 Special issue"“Childbirth and Women’s Healthcare Across Cultures.”" Dynamis, Acta Hispanica ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam Vol 34Vol 2 279 402 Retrieved from http://www.raco.cat/index.php/Dynamis/issue/view/21162/showToc
22. Chang Garma C. C. 1991 A Treasury of Mahāyāna Sutras: Selections from the Mahāratnakūṭa sūtra Delhi Motilal Banarsidass
23. Chen Ming 陳明 2005"“Zhuan Nü Wei Nan 轉女為男, Turning Female to Male: An Indian Influence on Chinese Gynaecology?”" Asian Medicine: Tradition and Modernity Vol 1Vol 2 315 334
24. Choo Jessey J. C. 2012"“‘That Fatty Lump’: Discourses on the Fetus, Fetal Development, and Filial Piety in China before the Eleventh Century ce.”" Nan NüVol 14 177 221 [Crossref]
25. de La Vallée Poussin Louis 1923 1931 1980 L’Abhidharmakośa de Vasubandhu. Mélanges Chinois et Bouddhiques 16 Bruxelles Institut Belge des Hautes Études Chinoises
26. Demiéville Paul 1954"“La Yogācārabhūmi de Saṅgharakṣa.”" Bulletin de l’ École Français d’Extrême-Orient Vol 40Vol 2 339 436
27. Dolce Lucia 2010"“Nigenteki genri no gireika—Fudō, Aizen to chikara no hizō 二元的原理の儀礼化—不動、愛染と力の秘像.”" Girei no chikara—chūsei shūkyō no jissen sekai 儀礼の力—中世宗教の実践世界 Dolce Lucia, Ikuyo Matsumoto 松本郁代 159 208 Kyoto Hōzōkan
28. Dolce Lucia 2016"“The Embryonic Generation of the Perfect Body: Ritual Embryology from Japanese Tantric Sources.”" Transforming the Void Andreeva, Steavu 253 310 Leiden Brill
29. Drott Edward R. 2010"“Gods, Buddhas, and Organs: Buddhist Physicians and Theories of Longevity in Early Medieval Japan.”" Japanese Journal of Religious Studies Vol 37Vol 2 247 273
30. Faure Bernard 2000"“Japanese Tantra, the Tachikawa-ryū, and Ryōbu Shintō.”" Tantra in Practice White David Gordon 543 556 Princeton Princeton University Press
31. Faure Bernard 2016"“Buddhism Ab Ovo: Aspects of Embryological Discourse in Medieval Japanese Buddhism.”" Transforming the Void Andreeva, Steavu 311 343 Leiden Brill
32. Goble Andrew E. 2009"“Kajiwara Shōzen (1265–1337) and the Medical Silk Road: Chinese and Arabic Influences on Early Medieval Japanese Medicine.”" Tools of Culture Goble, Robinson, Wakabayashi 231 257 Ann Arbor Association of Asian Studies
33. Goble Andrew E. 2011 Confluences of Medicine in Medieval Japan: Buddhist Healing, Chinese Knowledge, Islamic Formulas, and Wounds of War Honolulu University of Hawai’i Press [Crossref]
34. Goble Andrew Edmund, Robinson Kenneth R., Wakabayashi Haruko Tools of Culture: Japan’s Cultural, Intellectual, Medical, and Technological Contacts in East Asia, 1000–1500s Asia Past and Present: New Research from aas Ann Arbor Association of Asian Studies
35. Hattori Toshirō 服部敏良 1964 Kamakura jidai igakushi no kenkyū 鎌倉時代医学史の研究 Tokyo Yoshikawa kōbunkan
36. Khan Mohammed Abdul Mujeeb 2016"“Early Japan and the Continental Medical Literary Tradition: Tanba no Yasuyori’s Conceptualization of Medicine in Ishinpō.”" Ph.D. dissertation, University of Cambridge
37. Klein Susan Blakeley 1998"Ise Monogatari Zuinō: An Annotated Translation.”" Monumenta Nipponica Vol 53Vol 1 13 43 [Crossref]
38. Kojima Yūko 小島裕子 1998"“Inseiki ni okeru Aizen’ō Mishuhō no tenkai—Ninnaji Shūkaku Hōshinnō sōden Kōhakuyō wo kiten to shite 院政期における愛染王御修法の展開—仁和寺守覚法親王相傳「紅薄様」を起点として.”" Shūkaku Hōshinnō to Ninnaji Goryū no bunkengakuteki kenkyū 守覚法親王と仁和寺御流の文献学的研究 Yasurō Abe 阿部泰郎, Yamazaki Makoto 山崎誠 319 387 Tokyo Benseisha
39. Kritzer Robert 2014 “Garbhāvakrānti sūtra (The Sūtra on Entry into the Womb).” Studia Philologica Buddhica, Monograph Series 31 Tokyo The International Institute for Buddhist Studies
40. Langenberg Amy Paris 2008"“‘Like Worms Falling from a Foul-Smelling Sore’: The Buddhist Rhetoric of Childbirth in an Early Mahāyāna Sūtra.”" Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University
41. Lee Jen-der 2000"“Wet Nurses in Early Imperial China.”" Nan NüVol 2Vol 1 1 39 [Crossref]
42. Lee Jen-der 2003"“Gender and Medicine in Tang China.”" Asia MajorVol 16Vol 2 1 32
43. Lee Jen-der 2005"“Childbirth in Early Imperial China.”" Wilms Sabine Nan NüVol 7Vol 2 216 286 [Crossref]
44. Lee Jen-der 2012"“Ishinpo and Its Excerpts from Chanjing: A Japanese Medical Text as a Source for Chinese Women’s History.”" Overt and Covert Treasures: Essays on the Sources for Chinese Women’s History Ho Clara Wing-chung 185 215 Hong Kong Chinese University Press
45. Lomi Benedetta 2017"“The Ox-Bezoar Empowerment for Fertility and Safe Childbirth: Selected Readings from the Shingon Ritual Collections.”" Buddhism and Medicine: An Anthology of Premodern Sources Salguero C. Pierce 351 357 New York Columbia University Press
46. Maki Sachiko 槙佐知子 1993 Ishinpō: Maki Sachiko zen’yaku seikai 醫心方:槙佐知子全訳精解 Tokyo Chikuma shobō
47. Mizuhara Gyōei 水原堯栄 1931 Jakyō Tachikawa-ryū no kenkyū 邪教立川流の研究 Kyoto Shinbundō
48. Moriyama Shōshin 1965 Tachikawa jakyō to sono shakaiteki haikei no kenkyū 立川邪教とその社会的背景の研究 Tokyo Rokuyaen
49. Muller Charles Dictionary of Buddhism online resource. Retrieved from www.buddhism-dict.net
50. Ogawa Toyoo 小川豊生 2014 Chūsei Nihon no shinwa, moji, shintai 中世日本の神話、文字、身体 Tokyo Shinwasha
51. Ono Genmyō 小野玄妙 1968 1978 Bussho kaisetsu daijiten 仏書解説大辞典 Tokyo Daitō shuppansha
52. Quinter David 2015 From Outcasts to Emperors: Shingon Ritsu and the Mañjuśrī Cult in Medieval Japan Leiden Brill
53. Salguero Pierce C. forthcoming"“‘This Fathom-Long Body’: Bodily Materiality and Ascetic Ideology in Medieval Chinese Buddhist Scriptures.”" Bulletin of the History of Medicine Vol 92 2
54. Sanford James H. 1997"“Wind, Waters, Stupas, Mandalas: Fetal Buddhahood in Shingon.”" Japanese Journal of Religious Studies Vol 24 1 1 38
55. Selby Martha Ann 2006"“Narratives of Conception, Gestation, and Labor in Sanskrit Āyurvedic Texts.”" Asian MedicineVol 1 2 254 275 [Crossref]
56. Suzuki Yui 2014"“Twanging Bows and Throwing Rice: Warding off Evil in Medieval Japanese Birth Scenes.”" Artibus Asiae Vol 74 1 17 41
57. Teng Ssu-yü 1968 The Family Instructions for the Yen Clan Leiden Brill
58. Tonomura Hitomi 2007"“Birth-Giving and Avoidance Taboo: Women’s Body Versus the Historiography of Ubuya.”" Japan ReviewVol 19 3 45
59. Triplett Katja 2014"“For Mothers and Sisters: Care of the Reproductive Female Body in the Medico-Religious World of Early and Medieval Japan.”" DynamisVol 34 2 337 356 Special issue, “Childbirth and Women’s Healthcare Across Cultures,” Andreeva, Couto-Ferreira, Töpfer [Crossref]
60. Winfield Pamela D. 2005"“Curing with Kaji: Healing and Esoteric Empowerment in Japan.”" Japanese Journal of Religious StudiesVol 32 1 107 130
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15734218-12341391
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15734218-12341391
2017-02-21
2018-09-22

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Asian Medicine — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation