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Computational Analysis of Mine Blast on a Commercial Vehicle Structure

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image of Multidiscipline Modeling in Materials and Structures

The kinematic response (including plastic deformation, failure initiation and fracture) of a soft-skinned vehicle (represented by a F800 series single-unit truck) to the detonation of a landmine shallow-buried in (either dry or saturated sand) underneath the vehicle's front right wheel is analyzed computationally. The computational analysis included the interactions of the gaseous detonation products and the sand ejecta with the vehicle and the transient non-linear dynamics response of the vehicle. A frequency analysis of the pressure versus time signals and visual observation clearly show the differences in the blast loads resulting from the landmine detonation in dry and saturated sand as well as the associated kinematic response of the vehicle. It is noted that the dominant vehicle structural response to the blast is similar to the first torsional structural mode shape obtained through an eigenvalue analysis of the system. Tailoring the vehicle modal response may result in more desirable modes of failure.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Mechanical Engineering Clemson University, Clemson SC 29634; 2: Army Research Laboratory – Survivability Materials Branch Aberdeen, Proving Ground, MD 21005-5069


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