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Anisotropic Poroelastic Hollow Cylinders with Damaged Periphery under Harmonic Axial Loading: Relevance to Bone Remodelling

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An anisotropic modelling of hollow porous cylinders under harmonic axial loading is proposed to simulate the in vivo behavior of structural elements of cortical bone called osteons. The peripheral surface of the medium is supposed to be impermeable, except on possible existing cracks. Numerical tests are performed by analytical and finite element methods based on the Biot poroelastic theory. The influence of microcracks on the fluid flow is numerically investigated. The findings show that the existence of peripheral cracks directly modifies the stimulation of the mechano-sensitive network of the bone. Thus, this study attempts to propose a likely mechanism by which bone can sense changes of the surrounding mechanical environment.

Affiliations: 1: Université Paris 12 – Val de Marne, Faculté des Sciences et Technologie, Laboratoire Modélisation et Simulation Multi-Echelle, CNRS 3160, Équipe Biomécanique, Université Paris Est, 61, Avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94010 Créteil cedex, France; 2: Université Paris 12 – Val de Marne, Faculté des Sciences et Technologie, Laboratoire Modélisation et Simulation Multi-Echelle, CNRS 3160, Équipe Biomécanique, Université Paris Est, 61, Avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94010 Créteil cedex, France; 3: Université Paris 12 – Val de Marne, Faculté des Sciences et Technologie, Laboratoire Modélisation et Simulation Multi-Echelle, CNRS 3160, Équipe Biomécanique, Université Paris Est, 61, Avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94010 Créteil cedex, France

10.1163/157361109789017005
/content/journals/10.1163/157361109789017005
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/content/journals/10.1163/157361109789017005
2009-08-01
2016-12-09

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