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Varieties of Openness and Religious Commitment in India

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Relationships of Attitudes toward Hinduism, Hindu Religious Reflection, and Religious Schema

The Religious Openness Hypothesis argues that traditional religions have resources for integrating intellect with faith. In a test of this hypothesis, Hindu graduate students in India (N = 320) responded to Hindu religious reflection, attitudes toward Hinduism, religious schema, religious orientation, and psychological openness scales. Faith and intellect oriented religious reflection correlated positively with each other and with the all three religious schemas, which also correlated directly. Linkages with attitudes toward Hinduism and intrinsic and extrinsic personal religious orientations documented the compatibility of religious reflection and schema with Hindu commitments. Associations with greater openness to experience and need for cognition confirmed their psychological openness as well. Interactions between attitudes toward Hinduism and the intrinsic orientation suggested that Hinduism had more positive influences in those who were more sincerely religious. These data from India most importantly supported the Religious Openness Hypothesis.

Affiliations: 1: anilhubs@gmail.com; 2: paul-watson@utc.edu; 3: savitri.marigoudar@gmail.com; 4: zhuochen@uoregon.edu

10.1163/15736121-12341283
/content/journals/10.1163/15736121-12341283
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/content/journals/10.1163/15736121-12341283
2014-09-15
2018-09-19

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