Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

The Religious Meaning System and Subjective Well-Being

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

The Mediational Perspective of Meaning in Life

image of Archive for the Psychology of Religion

The purpose of this article is to test hypotheses that meaning in life can be a mediator in the relations between religiousness expressed in terms of a meaning system and subjective well-being. Previous research on religion and well-being has left some questions unanswered. Associations of the religious meaning system and subjective well-being turn out to be complex and suggest the possibility of meaning-oriented mediators in their relations. The results obtained in the current study demonstrated that personal meaning and presence of meaning were partial mediators between the religious meaning system and the cognitive dimension of subjective well-being (i.e., life satisfaction). In contrast, search for meaning did not have a significant mediational role in those relations and there were no direct or indirect relationships between the religious meaning system and the affective dimension of subjective well-being (i.e., positive and negative affect). The findings suggest indirect relations between religiousness and well-being which are partially mediated by structures of meaning and purpose.

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Family Sciences, The Opole Universityul. Drzymały 1a, 35-342 OpolePoland0048


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Abdel-Khalek A. M. "Religiosity, happiness, health, and psychopathology in a probability sample of Muslim adolescents" Mental Health, Religion, and Culture 2007 Vol 10 571 583 [Crossref]
2. Ano G. G. , Mathew E. S. , Fukuyama M. A. Tewari N. , Alvarz A. N. "Religion and spirituality" Asian American psychology—Current perspectives 2009 New York Psychology Press 135 152
3. Ardelt M. , Ai A. L. , Eichenberger S. E. "In search for meaning: The differential role of religion for middle-aged and older persons diagnosed with a life-threatening illness" Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging 2008 Vol 20 4 288 312 [Crossref]
4. Baron R. M. , Kenny D. A. "The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1986 Vol 51 1173 1182 [Crossref]
5. Burris C. T. , Petrican R. Saroglou V. "Religion, negative emotions, and regulation" Religion, personality, and social behavior 2013 New York, NY Psychology Press 96 121
6. Chamberlain K. , Zika S. Schumaker J. F. "Religiosity, meaning in life, and psychological well-being" Religion and mental health 1992 New York Oxford University Press 138 148
7. Cohen A. B. , Hall D. E. "Existential beliefs, social satisfaction, and well-being among Catholic, Jewish, and Protestant older adults" International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 2009 Vol 19 39 54 [Crossref]
8. Cohen K. , Cairns D. "Is searching for meaning in life associated with reduced subjective well-being? Confirmation and possible moderators" Journal of Happiness Studies 2012 Vol 13 313 331 [Crossref]
9. Crumbaugh J. C. , Maholick L. T. "An experimental study in existentialism: The psychometric approach to Frankl’s concept of noogenic neurosis" Journal of Clinical Psychology 1964 Vol 20 200 207 [Crossref]
10. Diener E. "Subjective well-being" Psychological Bulletin 1984 Vol 95 542 575 [Crossref]
11. Diener E. , Clifton D. "Life satisfaction and religiosity in broad probability samples" Psychological Inquiry 2002 Vol 13 206 209
12. Diener E. , Diener C. "The wealth of nations revisited: Income and quality of life" Social Indicators Research 1995 Vol 36 275 286 [Crossref]
13. Diener E. , Emmons R. A. , Larsen R. J. , Griffin S. "The Satisfaction With Life Scale" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1985 Vol 49 71 75
14. Diener E. , Oishi S. , Lucas R. E. Lopez S. J. , Snyder C. R. "Subjective well-being: The science of happiness and life satisfaction" Oxford handbook of positive psychology 2009 Oxford Oxford University Press 187 194
15. Emmons R. A. Keyes C. , Haidt J. "Personal goals, life meaning, and virtue: Wellsprings of a positive life" Flourishing: Positive psychology and the well-lived life 2003 Washington American Psychological Association 105 128 [Crossref]
16. Francis L. J. , Kaldor P. "The relationship between psychological well‐being and Christian faith and practice in an Australian population sample" Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 2002 Vol 41 1 179 184 [Crossref]
17. Frankl V. E. The unheard cry for meaning. Psychotherapy and humanism 1979 New York Simon and Schuster
18. George L. K. , Ellison C. G. , Larson D. B. "Explaining the relationships between religious involvement and health" Psychological Inquiry 2002 Vol 13 190 200 [Crossref]
19. Grözinger G. , Matiaske W. "The direct and indirect impact of religion on well-being in Germany" Social Indicators Research 2014 Vol 116 373 387 [Crossref]
20. Hayward R. D. , Elliott M. "Cross-national analysis of the influence of cultural norms and government restrictions on the relationship between religion and well-being" Review of Religious Research 2014 Vol 56 23 43 [Crossref]
21. Ho M. Y. , Cheung F. M. , Cheung S. F. "The role of meaning in life and optimism in promoting well-being" Personality and Individual Differences 2010 Vol 48 5 658 663 [Crossref]
22. Hogg M. A. , Adelman J. R. , Blagg R. D. "Religion in the face of uncertainty: An uncertainty-identity theory account of religiousness" Personality and Social Psychology Review 2010 Vol 14 1 72 83 [Crossref]
23. Hood R. W. , Hill P. C. , Spilka B. The psychology of religion. An empirical approach 2009 New York Guilford Press
24. Huguelet P. , Koenig H. Religion and spirituality in psychiatry 2009 Cambridge, UK Cambridge University Press [Crossref]
25. Hunsberger B. , Pratt M. , Pancer S. M. "Religious versus nonreligious socialization: Does religious background have implications for adjustment?" International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 2001 Vol 11 105 128 [Crossref]
26. King L. A. , Hicks J. A. , Krull J. , Del Gaiso A. "Positive affect and the experience of meaning in life" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2006 Vol 90 179 196 [Crossref]
27. Koenig H. G. Handbook of religion and mental health 1998 San Diego, CA Academic Press
28. Koole S. L. , McCullough M. E. , Kuhl J. , Roelofsma P. H. "Why religion’s burdens are light: From religiosity to implicit self-regulation" Personality and Social Psychology Review 2010 Vol 14 1 95 107 [Crossref]
29. Krause N. "Religious meaning and subjective well-being in late life" The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 2003 Vol 58 3 160 170 [Crossref]
30. Krause N. , Hayward R. D. "Religion, meaning in life, and change in physical functioning during late adulthood" Journal of Adult Development 2012 Vol 19 3 158 169 [Crossref]
31. Krause N. , Ingersoll-Dayton B. , Ellison C. G. , Wulff K. M. "Aging, religious doubt, and psychological well-being" The Gerontologist 1999 Vol 39 5 525 533 [Crossref]
32. Krok D. Religijność a jakość życia w perspektywie mediatorów psychospołecznych 2009 Opole Redakcja Wydawnictw WT UO [Religiousness and quality of life in the perspective of psychosocial mediators]
33. Krok D. "Poczucie sensu życia a dobrostan psychiczny [Meaning in life and well-being]" Psychologia Jakości Życia 2011 Vol 10 2 95 115
34. Lukoff D. , Lu F. , Turner R. "Toward a more culturally sensitive dsm- iv: Psychoreligious and psychospiritual problems" Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 1992 Vol 180 673 682 [Crossref]
35. Park C. L. Paloutzian R. F. , Park C. L. "Religion and meaning" Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality 2005a New York The Guilford Press 295 314
36. Park C. L. "Religion as a meaning-making framework in coping with life stress" Journal of Social Issues 2005b Vol 61 4 707 729 [Crossref]
37. Park C. L. "Making sense of the meaning literature: An integrative review of meaning making and its effects on adjustment to stressful life events" Psychological Bulletin 2010 Vol 136 257 301 [Crossref]
38. Park C. L. Paloutzian R. F. , Park C. L. "Religion and meaning" Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality 2013 New York The Guilford Press 357 378
39. Poloma M. M. , Pendleton B. F. "Exploring types of prayer and quality of life research: A research note" Review of Religious Research 1989 Vol 31 46 53 [Crossref]
40. Reker G. , Wong P. T. P. Wong P. T. P. "Personal meaning in life and psychosocial adaptation in the later years" The Human Quest for Meaning: Theories, Research, and Applications 2012 London and New York Routledge 433 456
41. Riichiro I. , Masahiko O. "Effects of a firm purpose in life on anxiety and sympathetic nervous activity caused by emotional stress: Assessment by psychophysiological method" Stress and Health 2006 Vol 22 275 281 [Crossref]
42. Salsman J. M. , Brown T. L. , Brechting E. H. , Carlson C. R. "The link between religion and spirituality and psychological adjustment: The mediating role of optimism and social support" Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 2005 Vol 31 4 522 535 [Crossref]
43. Shmotkin D. , Shrira A. Hicks J. A. , Routledge C. "Subjective well-being and meaning in life" The experience of meaning in life: Classical perspectives, emerging themes, and controversies 2013 New York Springer 77 86
44. Smith T. B. , McCullough M. E. , Poll J. "Religiousness and depression: Evidence for a main effect and the moderating influence of stressful life events" Psychological Bulletin 2003 Vol 129 614 636 [Crossref]
45. Steger M. F. Lopez S. J. , Snyder C. R. "Meaning in life" Oxford handbook of positive psychology 2009 Oxford, UK Oxford University Press 679 687
46. Steger M. F. Wong P. T. P. "Experiencing meaning in life: Optimal functioning at the nexus of well-being, psychopathology, and spirituality" The human quest for meaning: Theories, research, and applications 2012a London and New York Routledge 165 183
47. Steger M. F. "Making meaning in life" Psychological Inquiry 2012b Vol 23 381 385 [Crossref]
48. Steger M. F. , Frazier P. "Meaning in life: One link in the chain from religiousness to well-being" Journal of Counselling Psychology 2005 Vol 52 4 574 [Crossref]
49. Steger M. F. , Frazier P. , Oishi S. , Kaler M. "The meaning in life questionnaire: Assessing the presence of and search for meaning in life" Journal of Counseling Psychology 2006 Vol 53 80 93 [Crossref]
50. Steger M. F. , Kashdan T. B. , Sullivan B. A. , Lorentz D. "Understanding the search for meaning in life: Personality, cognitive style, and the dynamic between seeking and experiencing meaning" Journal of Personality 2008 Vol 76 199 228 [Crossref]
51. Tiliouine H. , Belgoumidi A. "An exploratory study of religiosity, meaning in life and subjective wellbeing in Muslim students from Algeria" Applied Research in Quality of Life 2009 Vol 4 109 127 [Crossref]
52. Tsuang M. T. , Williams W. M. , Simpson J. C. , Lyons M. J. "Pilot study of spirituality and mental health in twins" American Journal of Psychiatry 2002 Vol 159 486 488 [Crossref]
53. Van Cappellen P. , Rime B. Saroglou V. "Positive emotions and self-transcendence" Religion, personality, and social behavior 2013 New York, NY Psychology Press 96 121
54. Van Tongeren D. R. , Hook J. N. , Davis D. E. "Defensive religion as a source of meaning in life: A dual mediational model" Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 2013 Vol 5 3 227 232 [Crossref]
55. Watson D. , Clark L. A. The PANAS-X: preliminary manual for the positive and negative affect schedule-expanded form 1991 Unpublished Manuscript, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
56. Wong P. T. P. Wong P. T. P , Fry P. "Implicit theories of meaningful life and the development of the Personal Meaning Profile ( pmp)." Handbook of personal meaning: Theory, research, and practice 1998 Mahwah, NJ Lawrence Erlbaum 111 140
57. Wong P. T. P. Wong P. T. P. "Toward a dual-systems model of what makes life worth living" The human quest for meaning: Theories, research, and applications 2012 London and New York Routledge 3 22
58. Ysseldyk R. , Matheson K. , Anisman H. "Coping with identity threat: The role of religious orientation and implications for emotions and action intentions" Psychology of Religion and Spirituality 2011 Vol 3 2 132 148 [Crossref]

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Archive for the Psychology of Religion — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation