Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Religion, Paranormal Beliefs, and Distrust in Science: Comparing East Versus West

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Archive for the Psychology of Religion

Studies in Western contexts suggest that religiosity is in conflict with rationality since it relates to paranormal beliefs and distrust in science. East Asian cultures, known to be holistic and tolerant of contradictions, may, however, not experience this conflict. Using the International Social Survey Program, we analyzed data from Buddhists, Protestants, and Catholics in South Korea ( Ns = 358; 391; 135), as well as Catholics and Protestants in Austria and Denmark ( Ns = 715; 1,545). Results confirmed a positive association between religiosity and paranormal beliefs among dominant religious group but not among Korean Christians. Moreover, whereas religiosity in the West correlated positively with distrust in science, the opposite held for religious Korean groups. Religiosity mediated the relationship between paranormal beliefs and distrust in science among all dominant religious groups but in opposite directions in East and West. These findings bring a new cross-cultural perspective on the religion-science relationship.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, Universite Catholique de Louvain Place du Cardinal Mercier 10, B-1348, Louvain-la-Neuve Belgium (at the time of study) Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research Rue d’Egmont 5, B-1000, Bruxelles Belgium Culture and Emotion Lab, Department of Psychology, Stanford University Jordan Bldg. 420, Stanford, CA 94305 USA (current) ; 2: Department of Psychology, Universite Catholique de Louvain Place du Cardinal Mercier 10, B-1348, Louvain-la-Neuve Belgium


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Aarnio K. , Lindeman M. "Religious people and paranormal believers: Alike or different" Journal of Individual Differences 2007 Vol 28 1 9 [Crossref]
2. Bainbridge W.S. "After the new age" Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 2004 Vol 40 381 394 [Crossref]
3. Clobert M. , Saroglou V. , Hwang K-K. , Soong W-L. East Asian religious tolerance: A myth or a reality? Empirical investigations of religious prejudice in East Asian societies 2013 Manuscript submitted for publication
4. Cohen A.B. "Many forms of culture" American Psychologist 2009 Vol 64 194 204 [Crossref]
5. Davidson L.A. , Pettis C.T. , Joiner A.J. , Cook D.M. , Klugman C.M. "Religion and conscientious objection: A survey of pharmacists’ willingness to dispense medications" Social Science and Medicine 2010 Vol 71 161 165 [Crossref]
6. Dawkins R. The God delusion 2006 New York, NY Houghton Mifflin
7. Emmons C.F. , Sobal J. "Paranormal beliefs: Functional alternatives to mainstream religion?" Review of Religious Research 1981 Vol 22 301 312 [Crossref]
8. Evans J.H. "Epistemological and moral conflict between religion and science" Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 2011 Vol 50 707 727 [Crossref]
9. Evans E.M. , Lane J.D. "Contradictory or complementary? Creationist and evolutionist explanations of the origin(s) of species" Human Development 2011 Vol 54 144 159 [Crossref]
10. Gervais W.M. , Norenzayan A. "Analytic thinking promotes religious disbelief" Science 2012 Vol 336 493 496 [Crossref]
11. Goode E. Paranormal beliefs: A sociological introduction 2000 Prospect Heights, IL Waveland Press
12. Harris S. The end of faith: Religion, terror and the future of reason 2004 New York, NY Norton
13. Harris P.L. , Giménez M. "Children’s acceptance of conflicting testimony: The case of death" Journal of Cognition and Culture 2005 Vol 5 143 164 [Crossref]
14. Harvey P. An introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, history, and practices 1990 New York, NY Cambridge University Press
15. Henrich J. , Heine S.J. , Norenzayan A. "The weirdest people in the world?" Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2010 Vol 33 61 83 [Crossref]
16. International Social Survey Program " issp: Religion iii, 2008. " 2008 gesisCologne, Germany za4950 Data file Version 2.0.0.
17. Jung J.H. "Religious attendance, stress, and happiness in South Korea: Do gender and religious affiliation matter?" Social Indicators Research 2014 Vol 118 1125 1145 [Crossref]
18. Kim A.E. "Characteristics of religious life in South Korea: A sociological survey" Review of Religious Research 2002 Vol 43 291 310 [Crossref]
19. McMahan D.L. "Modernity and the early discourse of scientific Buddhism" Journal of the American Academy of Religion 2004 Vol 72 897 933 [Crossref]
20. Meredith K.L. , Jeffe D.B. , Mundy L.M. , Fraser V.J. "Sources influencing patients in their hivmedication decisions" Health Education and Behavior 2001 Vol 28 40 50 [Crossref]
21. National Statistical Office National Census 2005 Seoul, SK National Statistical Office
22. Nisbett R.E. The geography of thought: How Asians and Westerners think differently . . . and why 2003 New York, NY The Free Press
23. Nisbett R.E. , Peng K. , Choi I. , Norenzayan A. "Culture and systems of thought: Holistic versus analytic cognition" Psychological Review 2001 Vol 108 291 310 [Crossref]
24. Norris P. , Inglehart R. Sacred and secular: Religion and politics worldwide 2004 Cambridge, UK Cambridge University Press [Crossref]
25. Orenstein A. "Religion and paranormal belief" Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 2002 Vol 41 301 311 [Crossref]
26. Pargament K.I. "The bitter and the sweet: An evaluation of the costs and benefits of religiousness" Psychological Inquiry 2002 Vol 13 168 181 [Crossref]
27. Pargament K.I. , Koening H.G. , Tarakeshwar N. , Hahn J. "Religious struggle as a predictor of mortality among medically ill elderly patients" Archives of Internal Medicine 2001 Vol 161 1881 1885 [Crossref]
28. Poole M. "Creationism, intelligent design, and science education" School Science Review 2008 Vol 90 123 129
29. Preston J. , Epley N. "The explanatory value of meaningful beliefs" Psychological Science 2005 Vol 16 826 832 [Crossref]
30. Rice T.W. "Believe it or not: Religious and other paranormal beliefs in the United States" Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 42 2003 95 106 [Crossref]
31. Rosengren K.S. , Gutiérrez I.T. "Searching for coherence in a complex world: Introduction to the special issue on explanatory coexistence" Human Development 2011 Vol 54 123 125 [Crossref]
32. Rudski J. "What does a “superstitious” person believe? Impressions of participants" The Journal of General Psychology 2003 Vol 130 431 445 [Crossref]
33. Saroglou V. , Dupuis J. "Being Buddhist in Western Europe: Cognitive needs, prosocial character, and values" International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 2006 Vol 16 163 179 [Crossref]
34. Sasaki J.Y. , Kim H.S. "At the intersection of culture and religion: A cultural analysis of religion’s implications for secondary control and social affiliation" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2011 Vol 101 401 414 [Crossref]
35. Silver L.M. Challenging nature: The clash of science and spirituality at the new frontiers of life 2006 New York, NY Ecco
36. Simpson B. "We have always been modern: Buddhism, science and the new genetic and reproductive technologies in Sri Lanka" Culture and Religion: An Interdisciplinary Journal 2009 Vol 10 135 157
37. Sjodin U. "The Swedes and the paranormal" Journal of Contemporary Religion 2002 Vol 17 75 85 [Crossref]
38. Spencer-Rodgers J. , Williams M.J. , Peng K. "Cultural differences in expectations of change and tolerance for contradiction: A decade of empirical research" Personality and Social Psychology Review 2010 Vol 14 296 312 [Crossref]
39. Stark R. What Americans really believe 2008 Waco, TX Baylor University Press
40. Subbotsky E. "The belief in magic in the age of science" Sage Open 2014 January-March 1 17
41. Thagard P. "Evaluating explanations in law, science, and everyday life" Current Directions in Psychological Science 2006 Vol 15 141 145 [Crossref]
42. Tierney J. "Are scientists playing God? It depends on your religion" The New York Times 2007 November 20 Retrieved from .
43. Van de Vijver F. , Poortinga Y. Perris C. , Arrindel W.A. , Eisemann M. "Methodological issues in cross-cultural studies on parental rearing behavior and psychopathology" Parental rearing and psychopathology 1994 Chicester, UK Wiley 173 197
44. Wallace A.B. Buddhism and science: Breaking new ground 2003 New York, NY Columbia University Press

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Archive for the Psychology of Religion — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation