Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Religious Schema within a Muslim Ideological Surround

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

Religious and Psychological Adjustment in Iran

image of Archive for the Psychology of Religion

With Religious Schema Scales in the West, Truth of Texts and Teachings correlates negatively with the commitment to interreligious dialogue recorded by Xenosophia. This measure of fundamentalism also predicts problematic religious and psychosocial functioning. The present project examined Religious Schema Scales in university students and Islamic seminarians in the Muslim cultural context of Iran. Truth of Texts and Teachings correlated positively rather than negatively with Xenosophia and predicted religious and psychological adjustment. The adaptive implications of Truth of Texts and Teachings were especially evident in Islamic seminarians. These results supplemented previous Religious Schema data from India and Malaysia in suggesting that fundamentalism may have more positive implications outside the West. Cross-cultural differences in fundamentalism more generally support arguments of an Ideological Surround Model that the incommensurability of religious and other social rationalities requires careful research attention.

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, University of TehranIran dr.nimaghorbani@gmail.com ; 2: Psychology/Department #2803 350 Holt Hall—615 McCallie Avenue, University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, Chattanooga, tn 37403U.S.A. paul-watson@utc.edu ; 3: Department of Psychology, University of TehranIran amirbeigi.mahmood@gmail.com ; 4: Department of Psychology, University of OregonU.S.A. zhuochen@uoregon.edu

10.1163/15736121-12341327
/content/journals/10.1163/15736121-12341327
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15736121-12341327
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Altemeyer B., Hunsberger B."Authoritarianism, religious fundamentalism, quest, and prejudice" The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 1992Vol 2 113 133 http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327582ijpr0202_5
2. Costello C. G., Comrey A. L."Scales for measuring depression and anxiety" The Journal of Psychology 1967Vol 66 303 313 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00223980.1967.10544910
3. Davis M. H."Measuring individual differences in empathy: Evidence for a multidimensional approach" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 1983Vol 44 113 126 http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.44.1.113
4. Dover H., Miner M., Dowson M."The nature and structure of Muslim religious reflection" Journal of Muslim Mental Health 2007Vol 2 189 210 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15564900701614858
5. Ghorbani N., Watson P. J., Chen Z., Dover H."Varieties of openness in Tehran and Qom: Psychological and religious parallels of faith and intellect oriented Islamic religious reflection" Mental Health, Religion, & Culture 2013Vol 16 123 137 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13674676.2011.647809
6. Ghorbani N., Watson P. J., Hargis M. B."Integrative self-knowledge: Correlations and incremental validity of a cross-cultural measure developed in Iran and the United States" The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied 2008Vol 142 395 412 http://dx.doi.org/10.3200/JRPL.142.4.395-412
7. Ghorbani N., Watson P. J., Khan Z."Theoretical, empirical, and potential ideological dimensions of using Western conceptualizations to measure Muslim religious commitments" Journal of Muslim Mental Health 2007Vol 2 113 131 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15564900701613041
8. Ghorbani N., Watson P. J., Saeedi Z., Chen Z., Silver C. F."Religious problem-solving and the complexity of religious rationality within an Iranian Muslim ideological surround" Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 2012Vol 51 656 675 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5906.2012.01686.x
9. Ghorbani N., Watson P. J., Tavakoli F., Chen Z. J."Self-control within a Muslim ideological surround: Empirical translation schemes and the adjustment of Muslim seminarians in Iran" Research in the Social Scientific Study of Religion 2016Vol 27 68 93
10. Ghorbani N., Watson P. J., Zarehi J., Shamohammadi K."Muslim extrinsic cultural religious orientation and identity: Relationships with social and personal adjustment in Iran" Journal of Beliefs and Values 2010Vol 31 15 28 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13617671003666670
11. Gorsuch R. L., McPherson S. E."Intrinsic/extrinsic measurement: I/E revised and single-item scales" Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 1989Vol 28 348 354 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1386745
12. Kamble S. V., Watson P. J., Marigoudar S., Chen Z."Varieties of openness and religious commitment in India: Relationships of attitudes toward Hinduism, Hindu religious reflection, and religious schema" Archive for the Psychology of Religion 2014Vol 36 172 198 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15736121-12341283
13. Khatami M. Dialogue among civilizations: A paradigm for peace 2001 Johannesburg University of Pretoria
14. MacIntyre A. Whose justice? Which rationality? 1988 Notre Dame, IN University of Notre Dame Press
15. Nietzsche F. Kaufmann W."On the genealogy of morals" On the genealogy of morals and ecce homo 1967 New York Random House 13 163 (Original work published in 1887)
16. Sisemore T. The psychology of religion and spirituality 2016 Hoboken, NJ Wiley
17. Streib H., Hood R. W. Jr., Klein C."The Religious Schema Scale: Construction and initial validation of a quantitative measure for religious styles" International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 2010Vol 20 151 172 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10508619.2010.481223
18. Streib H., Klein C."Religious styles predict interreligious prejudice: A study of German adolescents with the Religious Schema Scale" International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 2014Vol 24 151 163 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10508619.2013.808869
19. Taylor C. A secular age 2007 Cambridge, MA The Belknap Press
20. Tangney J. P., Baumeister R. F., Boone A. L."High self-control predicts good adjustment, less pathology, better grades, and interpersonal success" Journal of Personality 2004Vol 72 271 322 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00263.x
21. Tekke M., Watson P. J., İsmail N. A., Chen Z. J."Muslim religious openness and ilm: Relationships with Islamic religious reflection, religious schema, and religious commitments in Malaysia" Archive for the Psychology of Religion 2015Vol 37 295 320 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/15736121-12341313
22. Watson P. J."Apologetics and ethnocentrism: Psychology and religion within an ideological surround" International Journal for the Psychology of Religion 1993Vol 3 1 20 http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327582ijpr0301_1
23. Watson P. J."Friends of the truth, violence, and the ideological surround: Social science as meetings for clearness" Archive for the Psychology of Religion 2006Vol 28 123 132 http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/008467206777832643
24. Watson P. J."Whose psychology? Which rationality? Christian psychology within an ideological surround after postmodernism" Journal of Psychology and Christianity 2011Vol 30 307 316
25. Watson P. J., Chen Z., Ghorbani N., Vartanian M."Religious openness hypothesis: i. Religious reflection, schemas, and orientations within religious fundamentalist and biblical foundationalist ideological surrounds" Journal of Psychology and Christianity 2015Vol 34 99 113
26. Watson P. J., Chen Z., Hood R. W. Jr."Biblical foundationalism and religious reflection: Polarization of faith and intellect oriented epistemologies within a Christian ideological surround" Journal of Psychology and Theology 2011Vol 39 111 121
27. Watson P. J., Chen Z., Morris R. J."Varieties of quest and the religious openness hypothesis within religious fundamentalist and biblical foundationalist ideological surrounds" Religions 2014Vol 5 1 20 http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/rel5010001
28. Watson P. J., Ghorbani N., Vartanian M., Chen Z."Religious openness hypothesis: ii. Religious reflection and orientations, mystical experience, and psychological openness of Christians in Iran" Journal of Psychology and Christianity 2015Vol 34 114 124
29. Watson P. J., Chen Z., Morris R. J., Stephenson E."Religious Openness Hypothesis: iii. Defense against secularism within fundamentalist and biblical foundationalist ideological surrounds" Journal of Psychology and Christianity 2015Vol 34 125 140
30. Watson P. J., Sawyers P., Morris R. J., Carpenter M., Jimenez R. S., Jonas K. A., Robinson D. L."Reanalysis within a Christian ideological surround: Relationships of intrinsic religious orientation with fundamentalism and right-wing authoritarianism" Journal of Psychology and Theology 2003Vol 31 315 328
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/15736121-12341327
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/15736121-12341327
2016-12-09
2017-12-18

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Archive for the Psychology of Religion — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation