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An Assessment of Existential Worldview Function among Young Women at Risk for Depression and Anxiety—A Multi-Method Study

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Increasing rates of psychiatric problems like depression and anxiety among Swedish youth, predominantly among females, are considered a serious public mental health concern. Multiple studies confirm that psychological as well as existential vulnerability manifest in different ways for youths in Sweden. This multi-method study aimed at assessing existential worldview function by three factors: 1) existential worldview, 2) ontological security, and 3) self-concept, attempting to identify possible protective and risk factors for mental ill-health among female youths at risk for depression and anxiety. The sample comprised ten females on the waiting list at an outpatient psychotherapy clinic for teens and young adults. Results indicated that both functional and dysfunctional factors related to mental health were present, where the quality and availability of significant interpersonal relations seemed to have an important influence. Examples of both an impaired worldview function and a lack of an operating existential worldview were found. Psychotherapeutic implications are discussed.

Affiliations: 1: Area of Psychology of Religion, Public Mental Health Promotion Research Area, Impact Research Programme, Uppsala University Box 511, 751 20 UppsalaSwedenTel: +46 18 471 22 00—Corresponding author ; 2: Centre for Health Equity Studies; Department of Women’s and Children’s Health; Department of Psychology Stockholm University/Karolinska InstitutetSweden ; 3: Area of Psychology of Religion, Public Mental Health Promotion Research Area, Impact Research Programme, Uppsala UniversitySwedenPublic Mental Health Promotion Clinical Research, Innlandet Hospital TrustNorwayGuest Professor in Public Mental Health, Institution for Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå UniversitySweden


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