Cookies Policy

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Spirituality in Psychotherapy

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

An Analysis of Hungarian Psychoterapists’ Experiences—A Grounded Theory Study

While scientific interest in the relationship between psychotherapeutic praxis and spirituality is growing, there is still little knowledge on this topic, especially in an East Central European context. To explore how psychotherapists understand spiritual issues and experiences they encounter in their work and to learn what happens to these issues in the course of psychotherapy, this study analyses semi-structured interviews with 30 Hungarian psychotherapists. Applying a grounded theory analytical strategy, three main topics were identified: the therapist’s attitude towards spirituality leaves a discernible trace in the psychoterapeutic treatment; the therapist influences the way spiritual issues are treated; and the therapist may have a shared spiritual experience with the client. We present individual variations of these experiences as they appear in the code tree. Results are interpreted with reference to a systemic view of the psychotherapeutic process, the intersubjective space of patient and therapist, and the notion of the therapists’ mentalizational capacity.


Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

1. Apahideanu I. 2013"An empirical revisiting of the secularization debate at the micro level: Europe’s heterodox religiosity over the last two decades" EuropolisVol 7 1 37 75
2. Barnett J. E. 2016"Are religion and spirituality of relevance in psychotherapy?" Spirituality in Clinical PracticeVol 3 1 5 9 doi:10.1037/scp0000093 [Crossref]
3. Bateman A. W., Fonagy P. 2006 Mentalization-based treatment for borderline personality disorder: A practical guide New York Oxford University Press [Crossref]
4. Benkő A. 2006"Hit, vallás, spiritualitás [Faith, religion, spirituality]" Tőzsér E. Istenhit mint erőforrás [Theism as a resource] 9 40 Budapest Új Ember
5. Berger P. L., Luckmann T. 1966 The social construction of reality: A treatise in the sociology of knowledge Garden City, NY Anchor Books
6. Blair L. J. 2015"The influence of therapists’ spirituality on their practice: A grounded theory exploration" Counselling and Psychotherapy ResearchVol 15 3 161 170 doi:10.1002/capr.12015
7. Bögre Zs 2005 Vallásosság és identitás. Élettörténetek a diktatúrában (1948-1964) [Religiosity and identity: Life stories in a dictatorship (1948-1964)] Budapest, Pécs Dialóg Campus Kiadó
8. Brown O., Elkonin D., Naicker S. 2013"The use of religion and spirituality in psychotherapy: Enablers and barriers" Journal of Religion and HealthVol 52 4 1131 1146 doi:10.1007/s10943-011-9551-z [Crossref]
9. Bucher A. 2007 Psychologie der Spiritualität. Handbuch [The Psychology of Spirituality: A Handbook] Weinheim Beltz
10. Bucher A. A. 2014"Auf dem Weg zu einer spirituellen Psychologie? [Towards a Spiritual Psychology?]" Zeitschrift für Psychodrama und SoziometrieVol 13 1 125 136 doi:10.1007/s11620-014-0213-5 [Crossref]
11. Buda B., Tomcsányi T., Harmatta J., Csáky-Pallavicini R., Paneth G. 2009"The psychotherapy in hungary during the Socialist era and the Socialist dictatorship" European Journal of Mental HealthVol 4 1 67 99 doi:10.1556/EJMH.4.2009.1.5 [Crossref]
12. Charmaz K. 2000"Grounded theory: Objectivist and constructivist methods" Denzin N. K., Lincoln Y. S. Handbook of Qualitative Research 509 535 Thousand Oaks, CA Sage
13. Charmaz K. 2006 Constructing grounded theory: A practical guide through qualitative analysis London Sage
14. Charmaz K. 2008"Grounded theory" Smith J. A. Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to research methods 81 110 London Sage
15. Cloninger C. R., Svrakic D. M., Przybeck T. R. 1993"A psychobiological model of temperament and character" Archives of General PsychiatryVol 50 12 975 990 doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1993.01820240059008 [Crossref]
16. Corveleyn J., Luyten P., Dezutter J. 2013"Psychodynamic psychology and religion" Paloutzian R. F., Park C. L. Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality 94 117 New York, London The Guilford Press
17. Crossley J. P., Salter D. P. 2005"A question of finding harmony: A grounded theory study of clinical psychologists’ experience of addressing spiritual beliefs in therapy" Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and PracticeVol 78 3 295 313 doi:10.1348/147608305X26783 [Crossref]
18. Csáky-Pallavicini R., Asztalos B., Földvári M., Csáky-Pallavicini Zs., Ittzés A., Tomcsányi T. 2005"Die gesellschaftliche und religiöse Entwicklung in Ungarn seit 1945 im Spiegel der seelischen Gesundheit der Bevölkerung [Social and Religious Development in Hungary since 1945 in Light of the Population’s Mental Health]" International Journal of Practical TheologyVol 9 2 217 235 doi:10.1515/ijpt.2005.9.2.21 [Crossref]
19. Cummings J. P., Ivan M. C., Carson C. S., Stanley M. A., Pargament K. I. 2014"A systematic review of relations between psychotherapist religiousness/spirituality and therapy-related variables" Spirituality in Clinical PracticeVol 1 2 116 132 doi:10.1037/scp0000014 [Crossref]
20. Delaney H. D., Miller W. R., Bisono A. M. 2007"Religiosity and spirituality among psychologists: A survey of clinician members of the American Psychological Association" Professional Psychology: Research & PracticeVol 38 5 538 546 doi:10.1037/0735-7028.38.5.538 [Crossref]
21. Demling J. H., Wörthmüller M., O’Connolly T. 2001"Psychotherapie und Religion [Psychotherapy and Religion]" PPmP-Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische PsychologieVol 51 2 76 82 doi:10.1055/s-2001-10756 [Crossref]
22. Emmons R. A. 2003 The psychology of ultimate concern New York Guilford
23. Fonagy P., Target M. 2003 Pszichoanalitikus elméletek a fejlődés-pszichopatológia tükrében [Psychoanalytic theories in the light of developmental psychopathology] Budapest Gondolat Kiadó
24. Gallup International Millennium Survey 1999 Religion in the world at the end of the millennium Retrieved March 6, 2008, from:
25. Hamp G. 2006 Kölcsönös tudás—kommunikáció és megismerés [Mutual knowledge—communication and cognition] Budapest Typotex
26. Harmatta J., Csáky-Pallavicini R. 2008"Unravelled chapters of our common past" European Journal of Mental HealthVol 3 1 63 65 doi:10.1556/EJMH.3.2008.1.4 [Crossref]
27. Henwood K., Pidgeon N. 2003"Grounded theory in psychological research" Camic P. M., Rhodes J. E., Yardley L."Qualitative research in psychology: Expanding perspectives in methodology and design" 131 156 Washington, DC American Psychological Association
28. Hofmann L., Walach H. 2011"Spirituality and religiosity in psychotherapy: A representative survey among German psychotherapists" Psychotherapy ResearchVol 21 2 179 192 doi:10.1080/10503307. [Crossref]
29. Hood R. W. Jr., Belzen J. A. 2013"Research methods in the psychology of religion and spirituality" Paloutzian R. F., Park C. L. Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality 75 93 New York, London The Guilford Press
30. Horváth-Szabó K., Harmatta J., Tomcsányi T. 2009"Teisztikus és humanisztikus spiritualitás [Theistic and humanistic spirituality]" PszichoterápiaVol 18 3 173 179
31. Hundt U. 2003"Psychotherapie und Spiritualität [Psychotherapy and Spirituality]" Journal für Psychologie 11 4 368 386
32. Hundt U. 2007 Spirituelle Wirkprinzipien in der Psychotherapie [Working Principles in Spirituality in Psychotherapy] Berlin LIT Verlag
33. Jáki Zs., Tomcsányi T., Ittzés A. 2016"Spiritualitás, vallás és pszichoterapeuta-képzés: Mit, miért, hogyan? [Spirituality, religion, and the training of psychotherapists: What, why, how?]" PszichoterápiaVol 25 4 291 300
34. Jordahl D. 1990 Psychotherapeuten denken religiös: Eine überraschende bilanz [Psychotherapists think religiously: A surprising finding] Olten Walter
35. Krüger R. T. 2015 Störungsspezifische Psychodramatherapie [Disorder-Specific Psychodrama Therapy] Göttingen Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht [Crossref]
36. MacDonald D. A., Holland D. 2002"Examination of the psychometric properties of the temperament and character inventory self-transcendence dimension" Personality and Individual DifferencesVol 32 6 1013 1027 [Crossref]
37. Magaldi-Dopman D., Park-Taylor J., Ponterotto J. G. 2011"Psychotherapists’ spiritual, religious, atheist or agnostic identity and their practice of psychotherapy: A grounded theory study" Psychotherapy ResearchVol 21 3 286 303 doi:10.1080/10503307.2011.565488 [Crossref]
38. Marks-Tarlow T. 2011"Merging and emerging: A nonlinear portrait of intersubjectivity during psychotherapy" Psychoanalytic DialoguesVol 21 1 110 127 doi:10.1080/10481885.2011.545333 [Crossref]
39. Motl J., Vaněčková A., Müller M., Studenovský D. 2015"History of psychotherapy in the Czech lands" European Journal of Mental HealthVol 10 1 79 93 doi:10.5708/EJMH.10.2015.1.5 [Crossref]
40. Mueller D. C. 2009 Reason, religion and democracy Cambridge, UK Cambridge University Press [Crossref]
41. Paloutzian R. F., Park C. L. 2013 Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality New York, London Guilford Press
42. Pargament K. I. 1999"The psychology of religion and spirituality? Yes and no" The International Journal for the Psychology of ReligionVol 9 1 3 16 doi:10.1207/s15327582ijpr0901_2 [Crossref]
43. Pargament K. I., Exline J., Jones J., Mahoney A., Shafranske E. 2013"APA handbooks in psychology: APA handbook of psychology, religion, and spirituality"Vol Vol. 1 Context, theory, and research Washington, DC American Psychological Association
44. Piedmont R. L. 1999"Does spirituality represent the sixth factor of personality? Transcendence and the Five-Factor Model" Journal of PersonalityVol 67 6 987 1013 doi:10.1111/1467-6494.00080 [Crossref]
45. Ponterotto J. G. 2005"Qualitative research in counseling psychology: A primer on research paradigms and philosophy of science" Journal of Counseling PsychologyVol 52 2 126 136 doi:10.1037/0022-0167.52.2.126 [Crossref]
46. Ponterotto J. G. 2010"Qualitative research in multicultural psychology: Philosophical underpinnings, popular approaches, and ethical considerations" Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority PsychologyVol 16 4 581 589 doi:10.1037/a0012051 [Crossref]
47. Říčan P. 2003"Spirituality in psychology. The concept and its context" Studia PsychologicaVol 45 249 257
48. Shafranske E. P., Cummings J. P. 2013"Religious and spiritual beliefs, affiliations, and practices of psychologists" Pargament K. I., Mahoney A., Shafranske E."Handbooks in psychology: APA handbook of psychology, religion, and spirituality"Vol Vol. 2 An applied psychology of religion and spirituality 23 42 Washington, DC American Psychological Association
49. Stern D. N. 2004 The present moment in psychotherapy and everyday life New York Norton
50. Stolorow R. D., Atwood G. E. 1996"The intersubjective perspective" Psychoanalytic ReviewVol 83 181 194
51. Strauss A., Corbin J. 1998 Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques Thousand Oaks, CA Sage
52. Szőnyi G. 2015 A pszichoterápia tankönyve [Psychotherapy: A textbook] Budapest Medicina
53. Tomka M. 2010"Vallási helyzetkép—2009 [Religious situation—2009]" Rosta G., Tomka M. Mit értékelnek a magyarok [What do Hungarians value]? 401 425 Budapest Ocipe Magyarország—JTMR Faludi Ferenc Akadémia
54. Tomka M., Zulehner P. 1999 Religion in den Reformländern Ost(Mittel)Europas. [Religion in the East (Central) European Reform Countries] Ostfildern Schwabenverlag
55. Török P. 2003 Hungarian church-state relationships: A socio-historical analysis Budapest Hungarian Institute for Sociology of Religion
56. Tudose C., Tudose F. 2012"History of psychotherapy in Rumania during the socialist dictatorship of Nicolae Ceauşescu" European Journal of Mental HealthVol 7 2 221 235 doi:10.5708/EJMH.7.2012.2.4 [Crossref]
57. Varga I. 1995"Modernity or pseudo-modernity? Secularization or pseudo-secularization?" Roberts R. H. Religion and the transformations of capitalism 231 247 London, New York Routledge [Crossref]
58. Vergote A. 1993"What the psychology of religion is and what it is not" International Journal for the Psychology of ReligionVol 3 2 73 86 [Crossref]
59. Wade N. G., Post B. C., Cornish M. A., Vogel D. L., Runyon-Weaver D. 2014"Religion and spirituality in group psychotherapy: Clinical application and case example" Spirituality in Clinical PracticeVol 1 2 133 144 doi:10.1037/scp0000013 [Crossref]
60. Zinnbauer B. J., Pargament K., Cole B., Rye M. S., Butter E. M., Belavich T. G., Kadar J. L. 1997"Religion and spirituality: Unfuzzying the fuzzy" Journal for the Scientific Study of ReligionVol 36 4 549 564 [Crossref]

Article metrics loading...



Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
    Archive for the Psychology of Religion — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation