Cookies Policy
X

This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies.

I accept this policy

Find out more here

Moral Perception and the Contents of Experience

No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.

Brill’s MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.

Access this article

+ Tax (if applicable)
Add to Favorites
You must be logged in to use this functionality

image of Journal of Moral Philosophy

I defend the thesis that at least some moral properties can be part of the contents of experience. I argue for this claim using a contrast argument, a type of argument commonly found in the literature on the philosophy of perception. I first appeal to psychological research on what I call emotionally empathetic dysfunctional individuals (EEDIs) to establish a phenomenal contrast between EEDIs and normal individuals in some moral situations. I then argue that the best explanation for this contrast, assuming non-skeptical moral realism, is that badness is represented in the normal individual’s experience but not in the EEDI’s experience. I consider and reject four alternative explanations of the contrast.

Affiliations: 1: Syracuse University, pjwerner1@gmail.com

10.1163/17455243-4681063
/content/journals/10.1163/17455243-4681063
dcterms_title,pub_keyword,dcterms_description,pub_author
10
5
Loading
Loading

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/17455243-4681063
Loading

Data & Media loading...

1. Audi R. (2004). The good in the right: a theory of intuition and intrinsic value . Princeton, n.j.: Princeton University Press.
2. Audi R. (2010). "Moral Perception and Moral Knowledge". Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume , Vol 84(1), 7997.
3. Audi R. (2013). Moral Perception .Princeton University Press.
4. Bayne T. (2009). "Perception and the Reach of Phenomenal Content". The Philosophical Quarterly , Vol 59(236), 385404.
5. Blair J.,, Sellars C.,, Strickland I.,, Clark F.,, Williams A.,, Smith M.,. (1996). "Theory of Mind in the Psychopath". The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry , Vol 7(1), 1525.
6. Blair R. (1995). "A Cognitive Developmental Approach to Morality: Investigating the Psychopath". Cognition , Vol 57, 129.
7. Blair James, R., Jones, L., Clark, F., & Smith, M. (1997). "The Psychopathic Individual: A Lack of Response to Distress Cues?". Psychophysiology , Vol 34(2), 192– 198.
8. Blair James R. (2007). Empathic dysfunction in psychopathic individuals. Empathy in Mental Illness. Cambridge University Press.
9. Boyd R. (1988). "How to be a Moral Realist". Essays on Moral Realism , 181228.
10. Brink D. O. (1986). "Externalist Moral Realism". Southern Journal of Philosophy , Vol 24(S1), 2341.
11. Brink D. O. (1989). Moral realism and the foundations of ethics . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
12. Brogaard B. (forthcoming). Do We Perceive Natural Kind Properties? Philosophical Studies.
13. Byrne A. (2009). "Experience and Content". The Philosophical Quarterly , Vol 59(236), 429451.
14. Chalmers D.J., (2004). "The Representational Character of Experience". The Future for Philosophy , Leiter B. (ed.), Oxford: Oxford University Press, 153181.
15. Chappell T. (2008). "Moral Perception". Philosophy , Vol 83(4), 421437.
16. Chudnoff E. (2011). "The Nature of Intuitive Justification". Philosophical Studies ,Vol 153(2), 313333.
17. Coons C. (forthcoming). "How to Prove that Some Acts Are Wrong (Without Using Substantive Moral Premises)". Philosophical Studies .
18. Copp D. (2000). "Milk, Honey, and the Good Life on Moral Twin Earth". Synthese , Vol 124 (1–2), 113137.
19. Cowan R. (2013a). Clarifying Ethical Intuitionism. European Journal of Philosophy, OnlineFirst: .
20. Cowan R. (2013b). Perceptual Intuitionism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, OnlineFirst: .
21. Cullison A. (2010a). "Moral Perception". European Journal of Philosophy , Vol 18(2), 159175.
22. Cullison A. (2010b). "What are Seemings?" Ratio , Vol 23(3), 260274.
23. Dancy J. (2010). "Moral Perception". Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume , Vol 84(1), 99117.
24. Davies M., (1997). "Externalism and Experience". In Block N., and Flanagan O.J. (eds.), The Nature of Consciousness: Philosophical Debates . mit Press.
25. De Sousa R. (2013). Emotion. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
26. De Sousa R. (2011). Emotional Truth .Oxford: Oxford University Press.
27. Dretske F. (1995). Naturalizing the Mind . Cambridge: mit Press.
28. Earlenbaugh J., and Molyneux B.. (2009). "Intuitions are Inclinations to Believe". Philosophical Studies ,Vol 145(1), 89109.
29. Enoch D. (2011). Taking morality seriously: a defense of robust realism . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
30. Fox E. (2008). Emotion Science: Cognitive and Neuroscientific Approaches to Understanding Human Emotions . Palgrave Macmillan.
31. Fricker M. (2006). "Powerlessness and Social Interpretation". Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology ,Vol 3(1):96108.
32. Goldie P., (2003). "Emotion, Feeling, and Knowledge of the World". Thinking About Feeling: Contemporary Philosophers on Emotions , ed. Solomon Robert C.. Oxford University Press.
33. Goldie P. (2009). "Getting feelings into emotional experience in the right way". Emotion Review ,Vol 1(3), 232239.
34. Greene J.,, & Sinnott-Armstrong W. (2007). "The Secret Joke of Kant's Soul". Moral Psychology: Volume 3: The Neuroscience of Morality , 3, 3581.
35. Harman G. (1977). The Nature of Morality . New York: Oxford University Press.
36. Hare R. (1985). Scoring Manual for the Psychopathy Checklist. Unpublished Manuscript.
37. Horgan T.,, & Timmons M. (1992). "Troubles on Moral Twin Earth: Moral Queerness Revisited". Synthese , Vol 92(2), 221260.
38. Horgan T.,, & Timmons M. (1991). "New Wave Moral Realism Meets Moral Twin Earth". Journal of Philosophical Research , Vol 16, 447465.
39. Horgan T.,, & Timmons M. (2000). "Copping Out on Moral Twin Earth". Synthese , Vol 124(1–2), 139152.
40. Horgan T.,, & Tienson J. (2002). "The Phenomenology of Intentionality and the Intentionality of Phenomenology". Philosophy of Mind: Classical and Contemporary Readings , 520533.
41. Huemer M. (2001). Skepticism and the Veil of Perception . Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.
42. Huemer M. (2007). "Compassionate Phenomenal Conservatism". Philosophy and Phenomenological Research ,Vol 74(1), 3055.
43. James W. (1884). "What is an Emotion?" Mind ,Vol 9(34), 188205.
44. Landau R. (2003). Moral realism: a defence . Oxford: Clarendon.
45. Lewis D. (1983). "New Work for a Theory of Universals". Australasian Journal of Philosophy ,Vol 64, 2546.
46. Logue H. (forthcoming). Visual Experience of Natural Kind Properties: Is There Any Fact of the Matter?. Philosophical Studies.
47. Lycan W. (2001). "The Case for Phenomenal Externalism". Philosophical Perspectives. Vol 15, 1735.
48. Lycan W. (2006). Representationalism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
49. Maund B. (2012). Color. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy..
50. McBrayer J.P. (2010a). "Moral Perception and the Causal Objection". Ratio ,Vol 23(3), 291307.
51. McBrayer J.P. (2010b). "A Limited Defense of Moral Perception". Philosophical Studies ,Vol 149(3), 305320.
52. McGrath S. (2004). "Moral Knowledge by Perception". Philosophical Perspectives , Vol 18(1), 209228.
53. Merrill G.H. (1980). "The Model-Theoretic Argument Against Realism". Philosophy of Science ,Vol 47(1), 6981.
54. Merli D. (2002). "Return to Moral Twin Earth". Canadian Journal of Philosophy , Vol 32(2), 207240.
55. Nussbaum M.C. (2001). Upheavals of Thought: The Intelligence of Emotions . Cambridge University Press.
56. O’Callaghan C. (2011). "Against Hearing Meanings". The Philosophical Quarterly.Vol 61(245), 783807.
57. Parfit D. (2011). On what matters . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
58. Patrick Christopher J.,, Bradley Margaret M.,, & Lang Peter J. (1993). "Emotion in the Criminal Psychopath: Startle Reflect Modulation". Journal of Abnormal Psychology ,Vol 102(3), 8292.
59. Peacocke C. (1992). A study of concepts . Cambridge, Mass.: mit Press.
60. Price R. (2009). "Aspect-Switching and Visual Phenomenal Character". The Philosophical Quarterly , Vol 59(236), 508518.
61. Prinz J. (2004). Gut Reactions: A Perceptual Theory of the Emotions . Oxford University Press.
62. Richell R.,, Mitchell D.,, Newman C.,, Leonard A.,, Baron-Cohen S.,, & Blair R. (2003). "Theory of Mind and Psychopathy: Can Psychopathic Individuals Read the 'Language of the Eyes'?". Neuropsychologia , Vol 41(5), 523526.
63. Ridge M. (2008). Moral Non-Naturalism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. .
64. Roeser S. (2011). Moral Emotions and Intuitions . Palgrave Macmillan.
65. Rogers J., and Matheson J.. (2011). "Bergmann’s dilemma: exit strategies for internalists". Philosophical Studies , Vol 152, 5580.
66. Shafer-Landau R. (2003). Moral Realism: A Defence . Oxford University Press.
67. Shoemaker David W. (2011). "Psychopathy, Responsibility, and the Moral/Conventional Distinction". Southern Journal of Philosophy , Vol 49(s1), 99124.
68. Siegel S. (2006). "Which Properties are Represented in Perception?" Perceptual Experience , Vol 1, 481503.
69. Siegel S. (2010). The contents of visual experience . New York: Oxford University Press.
70. Siegel S. (2011). "Cognitive Penetrability and Perceptual Justification". Nous , Vol 46(2), 201222.
71. Singer P. (2005). "Ethics and Intuitions". Journal of Ethics , Vol 9(3–4), 331352.
72. Skeem J. L.,, Polaschek D. L.,, Patrick C. J.,, & Lilienfeld S. O. (2011). "Psychopathic Personality: Bridging the Gap Between Scientific Evidence and Public Policy". Psychological Science in the Public Interest , Vol 12(3), 95162.
73. Sosa E. (2007). "Intuitions: Their Nature and Epistemic Efficacy". Grazer Philosophische Studien ,Vol 74(1), 5167.
74. Sturgeon N. (1986). "What Difference Does it Make Whether Moral Realism is True?". Southern Journal of Philosophy , Vol 24(S1), 115141.
75. Sturgeon N. (1986). "Harman on Moral Explanations of Natural Facts". Southern Journal of Philosophy , Vol 24(S1), 6978.
76. Sturgeon N., (2002). "Ethical Intuitionism and Ethical Naturalism". Stratton-Lake Phillip (ed.), Ethical Intuitionism: Re-Evaluations . Oxford University Press.
77. Tucker C. (2010). "Why Open-Minded People Should Endorse Dogmatism". Philosophical Perspectives , Vol 24(1), 529545.
78. Tucker C., (forthcoming). "Seemings and Justification: An Introduction". In Tucker C. (ed.), Seemings and Justification: New Essays on Dogmatism and Phenomenal Conservatism . Oxford University Press.
79. Tye M. (1997). Ten Problems of Consciousness: A Representational Theory of the Phenomenal Mind . A Bradford Book.
80. Tye M. (2000). Consciousness, Color, and Content . Cambridge: mit Press.
81. Roojen M. V. (2006). "Knowing Enough to Disagree: A New Response to the Moral Twin Earth Argument". Oxford Studies in Metaethics , Vol 1, 161194.
82. Väyrynen P. (2008). "Some Good and Bad News for Ethical Intuitionism". Philosophical Quarterly , Vol 58(232), 489511.
83. Werner P.J. (forthcoming). Seemings: Still Dispositions to Believe. Synthese.
84. Zamulinski B. E. (2007). Evolutionary intuitionism: a theory of the origin and nature of moral facts . Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.
85. Zangwill N. (2008). "Moral Dependence". Oxford Studies in Metaethics , Vol.Vol 3. Oxford University Press.
http://brill.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1163/17455243-4681063
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1163/17455243-4681063
2016-05-13
2017-09-22

Sign-in

Can't access your account?
  • Tools

  • Add to Favorites
  • Printable version
  • Email this page
  • Subscribe to ToC alert
  • Get permissions
  • Recommend to your library

    You must fill out fields marked with: *

    Librarian details
    Your details
    Why are you recommending this title?
    Select reason:
     
    Journal of Moral Philosophy — Recommend this title to your library
  • Export citations
  • Key

  • Full access
  • Open Access
  • Partial/No accessInformation