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Open Access The Rise and Fall of the Centre-right Coalition Government in Portugal (2002-2005) Essor et chute du gouvernement de coalition de centre-droit au Portugal (2002-2005) A ascensão e a queda do governo de coligação do centro-direita em Portugal (2002-2005)

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The Rise and Fall of the Centre-right Coalition Government in Portugal (2002-2005) Essor et chute du gouvernement de coalition de centre-droit au Portugal (2002-2005) A ascensão e a queda do governo de coligação do centro-direita em Portugal (2002-2005)

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This article assesses the impact of the centre-right coalition government on Portuguese economy, society and politics. It starts with an analysis of the coalition formation process and places it in the context of previous coalition governments in Portugal. The austerity measures of the coalition government are then discussed at length. Moreover, government policies are placed within the context of the emerging regime of monetary policy and fiscal discipline imposed by the European integration process.

The austerity measures of the government were quite unpopular, allowing the opposition parties on the left to make electoral gains in the two mid-term elections to the European Parliament and to the regional assemblies of Madeira and the Azores. The disorganised image of the Santana Lopes government led to early elections being called by President Jorge Sampaio. On 20 February 2005, the Socialist Party under popular leader José Socrates won the legislative elections with an absolute majority. Quelle a été l'influence de la coalition de centre-droit sur l'économie, la société et la politique portugaises ? L'analyse du processus de formation de cette coalition est replacée dans l'histoire des autres gouvernements de coalition qu'a connus le Portugal. Elle est suivie d'une étude approfondie des mesures d'austérité appliquées prises par ce gouvernement, dans le contexte de la politique monétaire et fiscale du processus d'intégration européenne.

Les mesures d'austérité du gouvernement furent peu populaires et de ce fait les partis d'opposition de gauche furent capables d'engranger des gains électoraux tant aux élections pour le Parlement européen que pour les assemblées régionales de Madère et des Açores. L'image de désorganisation donnée par le gouvernement de Santana Lopes a poussé le président Jorge Sampaio à provoquer des élections législatives anticipées. Le 20 février 2005, le parti socialiste sous la direction de son populaire leader José Socrates, a alors gagné les élections, à la majorité absolue.
Este artigo avalia a influência da coligação da centro-direita sobre a economia, a sociedade e a política portuguesa. A análise do processo da formação de coligação é contextualizada na história dos governos de coligação que se sucederam em Portugal. Esta análise é seguida de um estudo profundo das medidas de austeridade implementadas e tomadas por este governo no contexto da política monetária e fiscal imposta pelo processo de integração europeia.

As medidas de austeridade do governo foram mal aceites, por isso os partidos da oposição da esquerda puderam obter ganhos eleitorais nas duas eleições para o Parlamento Europeu e para as assembleias regionais da Madeira e dos Açores. A imagem de desorganização dada pelo governo de Santana Lopes levou o Presidente Jorge Sampaio a decidir eleições legislativas antecipadas. A 20 de Fevereiro de 2005 o partido socialista, sob a direcção do popular líder José Sócrates, alcançou a maioria absoluta nas eleições legislativas.

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/content/journals/10.1163/176830806777584779
2006-06-01
2016-12-05

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