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Open Access Muslim Women in Portugal. Strategies of Identity (re)Construction Les femmes musulmanes au Portugal. Stratégies de (re)construction identitaire Mulheres Muçulmanas em Portugal. Estratégias de (re)construção identitárias

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Muslim Women in Portugal. Strategies of Identity (re)Construction Les femmes musulmanes au Portugal. Stratégies de (re)construction identitaire Mulheres Muçulmanas em Portugal. Estratégias de (re)construção identitárias

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Muslim immigrant women in Portugal with Guinean and Indian origin develop specific strategies of negotiation between inherited references – associated with a strong familial and social control – and an intention of gaining more autonomy, connected with the new sociocultural elements found in the receiving society (mainly the possibility of getting a paid job or an education, which are practices frequently not allowed in their countries of origin). In addition to a group comparison, the generation issue is equally central in the research presented on this paper.

In fact, an attenuation and flexibility of traditional and religious rules becomes more evident between Muslim young girls, involved in larger social networks and maintaining a stronger proximity to the sociocultural model of the host society than their mothers. On the other hand, familial networks remain the less flexible aspect, translated in the process of choosing a marriage partner, which stays firmly restricted to members of the same religious and ethnic group, even for the younger girls. How will these scenarios develop within the following generations is therefore a question that is put forward and that opens room for important further research on this field. Les femmes d'origines guinéenne et indienne immigrées au Portugal développent des stratégies spécifiques de négociation entre les références héritées – associées à un contrôle familial et social important – et une intention de gagner une plus grande autonomie, liée aux nouveaux éléments socioculturels trouvés dans la société d'accueil (principalement la possibilité d'avoir un emploi rémunéré ou de faire des études, ces deux pratiques n'étant souvent pas autorisées dans leurs pays d'origine). Au-delà d'une comparaison de groupe, le problème des générations est également un sujet se trouvant au c∞ur des recherches présentées dans cet article.

En effet, une atténuation et un assouplissement des règles familiales et religieuses se font davantage sentir parmi les jeunesfilles musulmanes appartenant à des réseaux sociaux plus larges et gardant une proximité plus grande par rapport au modèle socioculturel de la société d'accueil que leurs mères. À l'opposé, les réseaux familiaux constituent un aspect qui demeure moins souple, se traduisant par un processus du choix d'un futur époux qui reste strictement restreint aux membres du même groupe ethnique et religieux, même pour lesfilles plus jeunes. La façon dont ces scénarios vont se développer au cours des prochaines générations constitue une question qui est posée et qui ouvre des perspectives importantes de nouvelles recherches dans ce domaine.
Mulheres muçulmanas imigrantes em Portugal com origens guineense ou indianas desenvolvem estratégias de negociação específicas entre referências herdadas – associadas ao forte controle familiar e social – e o objectivo de obter mais autonomia, ligadas aos novos elementos sócio-culturais encontrados na sociedade anfitriã (maioritariamente a possibilidade de conseguir um emprego remunerado ou uma educação, práticas frequentemente proibidas nos seus países de origem). Além duma comparação de grupo, a questão da geração é também central na investigação desenvolvida neste artigo.

De facto, a atenuação eflexibilidade das regras tradicionais e religiosas tornase mais evidente entre jovens muçulmanas, envolvidas em maiores grupos sociais e mantendo uma proximidade mais forte ao modelo sócio-cultural da sociedade anfitriã ao invés das suas mães. Por outro lado, os grupos familiares permanecem o aspecto menosflexível, traduzindo-se no processo da escolha do marido, que permanecefirmemente restringido aos membros da mesma religião ou do mesmo grupo étnico, mesmo para as mais jovens. Como se desenvolverão estes cenários nas próximas gerações é por consequente uma questão que é avançada e que abre espaço para futuras investigações importantes nesta área.

Affiliations: 1: Instituto Superior das Ciências do Trabalho e da Empresa, Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia, Lisbon

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/content/journals/10.1163/176830807781450708
2007-06-01
2016-12-09

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