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Open Access Vozes Asiáticas e o Racismo Colonial em Moçambique

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Vozes Asiáticas e o Racismo Colonial em Moçambique

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Event, structure, conjoncture, courte durée, longue durée, micro, macro, specific, total, are opposing terms which have accompanied historians, at least since Michelet and Le Peuple, Marx and The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte, and above all since the Annales. This paper, althought not referring explicitly to these categories, faces the very challenge they raise: coping with events and episodic movements in everyday politics, in the courte durée, while not overlooking the structures, the longue durée : thus the chosen obj subject – publication of laws harassing “Asians” in former Lourenço Marques, as well as ensuing debates and civil disobedience movements untill eventual revocation – remains within the courte durée – not more than four strained months in the year of 1993 – but are addressed in the lights of a long-standing phenomenon: the increasingly institutionalized racism which came to underlie all social practice within the colony. At the same time, this article tries to show the many voices present to the debate, by highlightening the rare voices of « Asians », and comparing them with settlers' and State's arguments. Evénément, structure, conjoncture, courte durée, longue durée, micro, macro, spécifique, total, ce sont des binômes qui, au moins depuis Michelet et son œuvre Le Peuple, ou Marx avec son Dix-huit Brumaire mais, surtout, depuis les Annales, ont accompagné les historiens. Le présent article, bien qu'il ne l'explicite pas, relève ces défis : traiter de l'événement, de l'épisodique, des mouvements de la politique quotidienne, bref de la courte durée sans oublier les structures, la longue durée : ainsi, l'objet choisi – la discussion, la publication, la désobéissance et la révocation des lois qui portaient préjudice aux « Asiatiques » dans l'ancienne Lourenço Marques – se situe dans le cadre de la courte durée – il ne s'agit que de quatre mois tumultueux de 1913 – mais ils sont traités comme un phénomène de longue durée : le racisme qui assujettissait graduellement à certaines règles les pratiques sociales dans la Colonie, devenant de plus en plus institutionnalisé. L'article cherche, en même temps, la multiplicité des voix en présence dans le débat, en tâchant de faire émerger les rares voix des « Asiatiques », en les confrontant aux arguments des colons et de l'État. Evento, estrutura, conjuntura, curta duração, longa duração, micro, macro, específico, total são binômios que, ao menos desde Michelet com o seu Le Peuple e Marx com o seu O Dezoito Brumário mas, sobretudo, desde os Annales, tem acompanhado os historiadores. O presente artigo, embora não explicite, encara estes desafios : tratar do evento, do episódico, dos movimentos da política cotidiana, enfim da curta duração sem esquecer das estruturas, da longa duração : assim o objeto escolhido – a discussão, publicação, desobediência e revogação de leis que prejudicavam os « asiáticos » na então Lourenço Marques – situa-se no âmbito da curta duração – não mais que quatro tumultuados meses de 1913 – mas são tratados à luz de fenômeno de longa duração : o racismo que gradativamente ia pautando as práticas sociais na Colónia, tornando-se cada vez mais institucionalizado. Ao mesmo tempo o artigo busca a multivocalidade em presença no debate, ao procurar fazer emergir as raras vozes dos « asiáticos », confrontando-as com os argumentos de colonos e Estado.

Affiliations: 1: Universidade Federal da Bahia (Brasil), Centro de Estudos Afro-Orientais;, Email: zampa@ufba.br

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/content/journals/10.1163/176830808785327368
2008-08-01
2016-12-03

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