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Perspectives for Further Research

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From the “Indian issue” of colonial times to the “foreigners within” of the rise of nationalism in the African States, the destiny of the Indian diaspora in East Africa has seen both recurring and specific situations. All the articles presented here conclude that it is necessary to study sources that have hitherto been little or unexploited, and insist on the need to look beyond national borders when studying the Indians of East Africa.

Recognised for the importance of their economic activity in the colonial trading system, the Indians were forced to scale their business down to the regional and than State level. It was only towards the end of the 1980s, with new opportunities arising from the opening up of African countries to the market economy, that the Indians were to see a new extension of their business activities on the international scale, and that new waves of migrants from the Indian sub-continent were to come and settle in turn on the eastern coasts of Africa. De la « question indienne » du temps colonial à celle des « étrangers de l'intérieur » de la montée des nationalismes dans les États africains, la diaspora indienne d'Afrique orientale connaît à la fois des récurrences et des spécificités de destin. Tous les articles présentés débouchent sur la nécessité de travailler des sources insuffisamment ou encore non exploitées et insistent sur le nécessaire décloisonnement transfrontalier des études concernant les Indiens d'Afrique orientale.

Reconnus pour l'importance de leur activité économique dans le système des échanges coloniaux, les Indiens ont été contraints à la régionaliser, puis à la réduire aux frontières étatiques. Ce n'est que vers la fin des années 1980, et dans le cadre des nouvelles opportunités liées à l'ouverture des pays africains à l'économie de marché, que ces Indiens connaîtront un nouveau déploiement de leurs activités à l'échelle internationale et que de nouvelles vagues de migrants du souscontinent indien s'installeront à leur tour sur les côtes orientales d'Afrique.
Da « questão indiana » da época colonial à dos « estrangeiros do interior » da emergência dos nacionalismos nos Estados africanos, o destino da diáspora indiana da África oriental conhece recorrências e também especificidades. Todos os artigos apresentados evidenciam a necessidade de se trabalhar fontes insuficientemente ou ainda não exploradas e insistem particularmente na descompartimentação transfronteiriça dos estudos coloniais sobre os indianos da África Oriental.

Reconhecidas pela importância da sua actividade económica no sistema de trocas coloniais, os indianos foram constrangidos a regionaliza-la para em seguida a reduzir às fronteiras dos Estados. Só em finais dos anos 1980, e no quadro das novas oportunidades associadas à abertura dos países africanos à economia de mercado, que estes indianos conhecerão um novo desenvolvimento das suas actividades à escala internacional e que novas vagas de migrantes do subcontinente indiano se instalarão por seu turno nas costas orientais de África.

Affiliations: 1: Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão; 2: Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne, Centre d'études des mondes africains


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