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Open Access La Communauté Indienne à Dar-es-salaam Durant La Domination Allemande (1891-1914)

Le positionnement d'une diaspora au sein d'une société coloniale

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La Communauté Indienne à Dar-es-salaam Durant La Domination Allemande (1891-1914)

Le positionnement d'une diaspora au sein d'une société coloniale

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What relations did the German colonizers and the Indian community keep up in Dar-es-Salaam between 1891 and 1914? Despite their British subjects status, Indians were offered a top grade place in this colonial society under construction. Many of them, all religious beliefs combined, accepted this position because economic opportunities were great in the German East African capital. In order to maintain and strengthen their social position, Indian merchants grew attached to and showed interest in the German colonial work. Indeed, the latter had to adjust and become more defensive as of 1905, when the small European settlers started to complain violently about the Indians' presence for both economic and race reasons. An Indian identity came up from this confrontation with a changing colonial reality transcending religious faiths which were, incidentally, very vivid. Quelles relations entretinrent à Dar-es-Salaam le colonisateur allemand et la communauté indienne entre 1891 et 1914 ? Malgré le statut de sujets britanniques, les Indiens se virent proposer une place de choix au sein de la société coloniale en construction. Ils furent nombreux, toutes obédiences religieuses confondues, à l'accepter car les opportunités économiques dans la capitale de l'Afrique Orientale Allemande étaient importantes. Afin de conserver et renforcer leur assise sociale, les négociants indiens développèrent un discours d'attachement à l'œuvre coloniale allemande. Certes, celui-ci dut s'adapter et se faire plus défensif à partir de 1905, lorsque le petit colonat européen, hostile à la présence indienne à la fois pour des raisons économiques et raciales, émit de virulentes critiques. De cette confrontation avec une réalité coloniale mouvante émergea une identité indienne transcendant des appartenances religieuses par ailleurs fort vivaces. Que relações mantiveram em Dar-es-Salaam o colonizador alemão e a comunidade indiana entre 1891 e 1914 ? Apesar do estatuto de súbditos britânicos, os Indianos viram ser-lhes proposto uma posição privilegiada no seio da sociedade colonial em construção. Eles foram muitos, independentemente das obediências religiosas, a aceitá-lo porque as oportunidades económicas na capital da África Oriental alemã eram importantes. Para conservar e reforçar a sua posição social, os negociantes indianos desenvolveram um discurso de apego à obra colonial alemã. Evidentemente, este teve de se adaptar e tornar-se mais defensivo a partir de 1905, quando o pequeno colonato europeu, hostil à presença indiana por razões ao mesmo tempo económicas e raciais, lançou críticas virulentas. Deste confronto com uma realidade colonial instável emergiu uma identidade indiana, que transcende as obediências religiosas por outro lado muito fortes.

Affiliations: 1: Université Paris 1, Centre d'études des mondes africains;, Email: fraimbo@gmail.com

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/content/journals/10.1163/176830808785327494
2008-08-01
2016-12-04

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