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Open Access New regionalism in Southern Africa? Between South African hegemony and globalisation Le nouveau régionalisme en Afrique australe ? Entre hégémonie sud-africaine et globalisation O novo regionalismo na África austral ? Entre hegemonia sul-africana e globalização

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New regionalism in Southern Africa? Between South African hegemony and globalisation Le nouveau régionalisme en Afrique australe ? Entre hégémonie sud-africaine et globalisation O novo regionalismo na África austral ? Entre hegemonia sul-africana e globalização

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This article describes and explains the process of regionalism in Southern Africa. In doing so, it argues that although the new regionalism has come to mark the on-going regional integration process, traces of the old regionalism are still to be found at work in the region. The new regionalism expresses itself through the increasing role of multinational corporations and their investments in cross-border infrastructure development projects located in development corridors, a role previously played exclusively by the state. The new regionalism is expected to deepen the levels of integration in the region and lead to the birth of a common regional agenda that is likely to enable the region to effectively respond to the challenges posed by globalisation.

However, the pursuit of the interests of the South African state and its multinationals have often been found to be at variance with those of its neighbouring states, and this has created widespread resentment of what is perceived as South Africa's intention to dominate the region. L'article se propose de décrire et de clarifier le processus de régionalisation en Afrique australe. Il montre que le nouveau régionalisme, qui imprime dorénavant sa marque sur l'actuel processus d'intégration régionale, n'est pas sans garder des traces de celui de l'époque antérieure. Le nouveau régionalisme est caractérisé par le rôle croissant des entreprises multinationales et des investissements qu'elles affectent, en particulier, à des projets transfrontaliers de construction d'infrastructures, situés dans des « corridors de développement », un rôle autrefois tenu par la puissance étatique. Ce nouveau régionalisme est censé consolider les différents niveaux d'intégration économique de la région et favoriser ainsi l'émergence d'un engagement commun entre les pays qui devrait leur permettre de faire face aux défis posés par la globalisation.

Pourtant, la poursuite par l'Afrique du Sud de ses propres intérêts et de ceux de ses multinationales s'est souvent trouvée en contradiction avec l'intérêt des États voisins, ce qui a provoqué un assez large ressentiment à l'égard de ce que l'on considère comme une intention hégémonique de l'Afrique du Sud dans la région.
O artigo pretende descrever e clarificar o processo de regionalização na África austral. Deste modo, ele mostra que o novo regionalismo, que imprime, de hoje em diante, a sua marca no actual processo de integração regional, conserva traços do da época anterior. O novo regionalismo caracteriza-se pelo papel crescente das empresas multinacionais e dos investimentos que elas destinam, em particular, ao projectos transfronteiriços de construção de infra-estruturas, situadas em « corredores de desenvolvimento », um papel antigamente desempenhado pelo poder estatal. Este novo regionalismo tem como objetivo consolidar os diferentes níveis de integração económica da região e favorecer, assim, a emergência de um compromisso comum que deverá permitir à região enfrentar os desafios colocados pela globalização.

No entanto, o prosseguimento pela África do Sul dos seus próprios interesses e os das suas multinacionais tem estado muitas vezes em contradição com o interesse dos Estados vizinhos, provocando um ressentimento muito grande em relação ao que se considera uma intenção hegemónica da África do Sul na região.

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/content/journals/10.1163/176830809788553354
2009-06-01
2015-05-23

Affiliations: 1: South Africa Government, Department of Social Development

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