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Chinese Student Migration, Social Networking, and Local Engagement in the UK (华人留学生移民,社交网络与参与当地社会:一个基于英国的实证研究)

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An Empirical Study

The unprecedented growth in the number of Chinese international students since the twenty-first century raises questions about their links to and impact on local communities in host countries. Viewing Chinese students as an important part of diasporic Chinese community, this paper sheds new light on Chinese students’ social networking with different groups internally and externally, both Chinese and non-Chinese, on campus or in the wider community. Many questions arise: What is the contribution of Chinese students to the growth and transformation of diasporic Chinese communities in major destinations? What is the scope of their social networking and what are their functions in regard to Chinese community cohesion and integration? What are the differences between Chinese students and local residents and between Chinese students from mainland China and those from Hong Kong and Singapore in terms of network building and local engagement? The above questions are addressed by a combination of official data analysis and a questionnaire survey conducted in Nottingham. The evidence suggests a correlation between the local engagement of Chinese students in the wider community and their social networking, which offers a key to understand the new momentum for the transformation of diasporic Chinese community in major HE destinations. Theoretical and policy implications are discussed. 进入21世纪以来,中国海外留学生人数持续增长,由此提出了有关他们和所在国当地社会的联系及其影响的问题。基于华人留学生(包括中国留学生)是海外华人社会的一个重要组成部分这一观点出发,本文试图揭示华人留学生群体的社交网络特征,及其对他们跨文化学习和参与当地社会的影响。具体而言,它旨在回答以下几个问题:为什么中国留学生移民是理解主要目的地国海外华人社会变化的重要因素?留学生社交网络的范围及其对增进华人社会内部凝聚力和融入当地社会的作用如何?华人留学生和当地华人居民之间,以及来自中国大陆的留学生和那些来自香港和新加坡的华人留学生在社交网络建设及参与当地社会方面的差异如何?通过对英国官方人口普查及高等教育数据的收集分析,结合对英国诺丁汉华人社会的一项问卷调查,本文揭示了中国留学生的社交网络与他们的实践活动的相关性,一个影响当地华人社会发展变化的关键因素。最后,本文就其实证研究发现的理论和政策意义进行了讨论。 This article is in Chinese Language

Affiliations: 1: University of Nottingham


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