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LA CARTE DU CIEL ET LA CRÉATION DU "BUREAU DES DAMES" À L'OBSERVATOIRE DE TOULOUSE

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<title> ABSTRACT </title>The Skymapand the creation of the "Bureaudesdames" at the Toulouseobservatory ― The Sky Map, a vast scientific program suggested in 1887 by Ernest Mouchez and David Gill, mobilized many observatories in France and in the world.The observatory of Toulouse, engaged in the project of the celestial cartography, shows the change which affect the social structures and the scientific practices. A female staff is especially recruited to examine the photographic plates and to absorb a lot of calculations. The Toulousan "Bureau des dames", fits into the movement of feminization of work in the western societies. Hustling the middle class values, unfavorable to the activity of women, the Toulousan operators remain subjected to a patriarchal system which confines them in tasks subordinates. In parallel, the activities of observatory are organized on the model of the factory and copied on the capitalist economy. The tasks of the Toulousan operators are divided and mechanized; they are structured around a flexible and precarious labour market.

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/content/journals/10.1163/182539106x00041
2006-01-01
2017-03-28

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